East European Plain

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The East European Plain (also called the Russian Plain,[1] predominantly by Russian scientists,[2] or historically the Sarmatic Plain[3]) is a vast lowland plain located east of the Polish Plain,[4] and comprising several plateaus stretching East roughly from 25 degrees longitude. It includes the westernmost Volhynian-Podolian Upland, than the broad Central Russian Upland in the middle, and on the eastern side, encompassing the Volga Upland. The plain includes also a series of major river basins such as the Dnepr Basin, the Oka-Don Lowland, and the Volga Basin. On the southernmost border of the East European Plain are the Caucasus and Crimean mountain ranges.[4] Together with the North European Plain covering much of central Poland, Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania (omitted from the map) it constitutes the European Plain.[5] It is the largest mountain-free part of the European landscape.

Map of the landscapes of the East European Plain, according to a definition that includes the Baltics and eastern Poland.[1]
Map of the floristic regions in Europe

The East European Plain covers all or most of the Baltic states,[citation needed] Belarus, Ukraine, Moldova, Romania, and the European portion of Russia. The plain spans approximately 4,000,000 km2 (2,000,000 sq mi) and averages about 170 m (560 ft) in elevation.[citation needed] The highest point of the plain, located in the Valdai Hills is 346.9 metres (1,138.1 ft).[citation needed]


Regional subdivisions[edit]

Other major landforms[edit]

The following major landform features are within the East European Plain (listed generally from north to south).

Largest rivers[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b European Plain at Encyclopædia Britannica
  2. ^ Vladimir Klimenko, and Olga Solomina, Moscow (2009). "Introduction: Climate of the East European Plain". The Polish Climate in the European Context: An Historical Overview. Springer. p. 71. ISBN 9048131677. Retrieved 17 May 2014. "From introductory Notes to article: V. Klimenko, Moscow Power Engineering Institute, Moscow, Russian Federation; Moscow, Russia; & O. Solomina, Institute of Geography Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia." 
  3. ^ Earle, Janet L., ed. (1979). Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Basement Tectonics. Basement Tectonics Committee. p. 379. 
  4. ^ a b John F. Hoffecker (2002). Desolate Landscapes: Ice-Age Settlement in Eastern Europe. Rutgers University Press. pp. 15–21. ISBN 0813529921. Retrieved 17 May 2014. 
  5. ^ Marshall Cavendish (2010). World and Its Peoples. Volume 8 of Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, and Poland. p. 1014. ISBN 0761478965. Retrieved 17 May 2014. 

External links[edit]