East Feliciana Parish, Louisiana

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East Feliciana Parish, Louisiana
Clinton Courthouse, Saint Helena Street, Clinton (East Feliciana Parish, Louisiana).jpg
East Feliciana Parish Courthouse
Map of Louisiana highlighting East Feliciana Parish
Location in the state of Louisiana
Map of the United States highlighting Louisiana
Louisiana's location in the U.S.
Founded 1824
Named for Marie Felice de Gálvez
Seat Clinton
Largest town Jackson
Area
 • Total 456 sq mi (1,181 km2)
 • Land 453 sq mi (1,173 km2)
 • Water 2.4 sq mi (6 km2), 0.5%
Population
 • (2010) 20,267
 • Density 45/sq mi (17/km²)
Congressional districts 5th, 6th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

East Feliciana Parish (French: Paroisse de Feliciana Est) is a parish located in the U.S. state of Louisiana. As of the 2010 census, the population was 20,267.[1] The parish seat is Clinton.[2]

East Feliciana Parish is part of the Baton Rouge, Louisiana, Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

The parish was part of Feliciana Parish, which was founded in 1810 and then divided, in 1824, into East Feliciana Parish and West Feliciana Parish. Feliciana is derived from a Spanish word meaning "dome".[3][4]

The Louisiana State Insane Asylum was established near Jackson, Louisiana, in 1847. It was greatly enlarged and improved under the administration of Dr. John Welch Jones, who was appointed as superintendent in 1874. The institution was later called East Louisiana State Hospital.

The Margaret Dixon Correctional Institute is located in Jackson, as well. It opened in 1976 and is named for the crusading managing editor of the Baton Rouge Morning Advocate, who argued for the decentralization of the Louisiana State Penitentiary at Angola, in neighboring West Feliciana Parish.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the parish has a total area of 456 square miles (1,180 km2), of which 453 square miles (1,170 km2) is land and 2.4 square miles (6.2 km2) (0.5%) is water.[5]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent parishes and counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 8,247
1840 11,893 44.2%
1850 13,598 14.3%
1860 14,697 8.1%
1870 13,499 −8.2%
1880 15,132 12.1%
1890 17,903 18.3%
1900 20,443 14.2%
1910 20,055 −1.9%
1920 17,487 −12.8%
1930 17,449 −0.2%
1940 18,039 3.4%
1950 19,133 6.1%
1960 20,198 5.6%
1970 17,657 −12.6%
1980 19,015 7.7%
1990 19,211 1.0%
2000 21,360 11.2%
2010 20,267 −5.1%
Est. 2013 19,728 −2.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2013[1]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 20,267 people residing in the parish. 53.2% were White, 44.9% Black or African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.2% of some other race and 1.1% of two or more races. 1.0% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).

At the 2000 census,[10] there were 21,360 people, 6,699 households, and 5,030 families residing in the parish. The population density was 47 per square mile (18/km²). There were 7,915 housing units at an average density of 18 per square mile (7/km²). The racial makeup of the parish was 51.79% White, 47.08% Black or African American, 0.16% Native American, 0.23% Asian, 0.18% from other races, and 0.54% from two or more races. 0.74% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 6,699 households of which 35.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.40% were married couples living together, 18.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.90% were non-families. 22.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.76 and the average family size was 3.26.

25.70% of the population were under the age of 18, 9.30% from 18 to 24, 30.70% from 25 to 44, 23.70% from 45 to 64, and 10.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 116.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 119.40 males.

The median household income was $31,631, and the median family income was $37,278. Males had a median income of $31,804 versus $20,243 for females. The per capita income for the parish was $15,428. About 18.30% of families and 23.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.70% of those under age 18 and 21.20% of those age 65 or over.

Government and infrastructure[edit]

The East Feliciana Parish Police Jury is the governing body of the parish and consists of nine representatives elected by district.

East Louisiana State Hospital, currently referred to as Eastern Louisiana Mental Health System (ELMHS)is located in Jackson. Its main building is considered to be one of the largest and most significant Greek Revival buildings in Louisiana, it has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places. The institution was one of the first mental hospitals in the South.

The Louisiana Department of Public Safety and Corrections operates the Dixon Correctional Institute in Jackson.[11]

Education[edit]

East Feliciana Parish School Board operates public schools in the parish.

Communities[edit]

Map of East Feliciana Parish, Louisiana With Municipal Labels

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 9, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "East Feliciana Parish". Center for Cultural and Eco-Tourism. Retrieved September 4, 2014. 
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Office. p. 112. 
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 20, 2014. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 20, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 20, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 20, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 20, 2014. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  11. ^ "Dixon Correctional Institute." Louisiana Department of Public Safety and Corrections. Retrieved on August 29, 2010.
  12. ^ "The most influential US conservatives 2007: 61-80". The Daily Telegraph (London). 2007-10-30. Retrieved 2010-05-01. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 30°51′N 91°03′W / 30.85°N 91.05°W / 30.85; -91.05