East Greenwich Township, New Jersey

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East Greenwich Township, New Jersey
Township
Township of East Greenwich
East Greenwich Township highlighted in Gloucester County. Inset map: Gloucester County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
East Greenwich Township highlighted in Gloucester County. Inset map: Gloucester County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of East Greenwich Township, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of East Greenwich Township, New Jersey
Coordinates: 39°47′26″N 75°14′26″W / 39.790519°N 75.240592°W / 39.790519; -75.240592Coordinates: 39°47′26″N 75°14′26″W / 39.790519°N 75.240592°W / 39.790519; -75.240592[1][2]
Country  United States of America
State  New Jersey
County Gloucester
Incorporated February 10, 1881
Government[5]
 • Type Township
 • Mayor Frederick J. Grant (term ends December 31, 2013)[3]
 • Clerk Susan Costill[4]
Area[2]
 • Total 14.922 sq mi (38.649 km2)
 • Land 14.440 sq mi (37.400 km2)
 • Water 0.482 sq mi (1.249 km2)  3.23%
Area rank 175th of 566 in state
12th of 24 in county[2]
Elevation[6] 62 ft (19 m)
Population (2010 Census)[7][8][9]
 • Total 9,555
 • Estimate (2013)[10] 10,203
 • Rank 249th of 566 in state
11th of 24 in county[11]
 • Density 661.7/sq mi (255.5/km2)
 • Density rank 418th of 566 in state
17th of 24 in county[11]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 08056 - Mickleton[12]
Area code(s) 856 Exchanges: 224, 423, 467, 478[13]
FIPS code 3401519180[14][2][15]
GNIS feature ID 0882141[16][2]
Website www.eastgreenwichnj.com

East Greenwich Township is a township in Gloucester County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 9,555,[7][8][9] reflecting an increase of 4,125 (+76.0%) from the 5,430 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 172 (+3.3%) from the 5,258 counted in the 1990 Census.[17]

East Greenwich Township was created by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 10, 1881, from the eastern part of Greenwich Township and the western part of Mantua Township.[18]

Geography[edit]

East Greenwich Township is located at 39°47′26″N 75°14′26″W / 39.790519°N 75.240592°W / 39.790519; -75.240592 (39.790519,-75.240592). According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 14.922 square miles (38.649 km2), of which, 14.440 square miles (37.400 km2) of it was land and 0.482 square miles (1.249 km2) of it (3.23%) was water.[1][2]

The township includes the unincorporated communities of Clarksboro, Mickleton and Mount Royal.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 1,259
1900 1,323 5.1%
1910 1,406 6.3%
1920 1,483 5.5%
1930 2,031 37.0%
1940 2,121 4.4%
1950 2,336 10.1%
1960 2,722 16.5%
1970 3,280 20.5%
1980 4,144 26.3%
1990 5,258 26.9%
2000 5,430 3.3%
2010 9,555 76.0%
Est. 2013 10,203 [10] 6.8%
Population sources: 1890-2000[19]
1890-1920[20] 1890[21] 1890-1910[22]
1910-1930[23] 1930-1990[24]
2000[25][26] 2010[7][8][9]

Census 2010[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 9,555 people, 3,262 households, and 2,645 families residing in the township. The population density was 661.7 per square mile (255.5 /km2). There were 3,405 housing units at an average density of 235.8 per square mile (91.0 /km2). The racial makeup of the township was 88.45% (8,451) White, 5.86% (560) Black or African American, 0.14% (13) Native American, 3.61% (345) Asian, 0.05% (5) Pacific Islander, 0.59% (56) from other races, and 1.31% (125) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 3.02% (289) of the population.[7]

There were 3,262 households, of which 41.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 70.4% were married couples living together, 7.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 18.9% were non-families. 14.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.89 and the average family size was 3.22.[7]

In the township, 27.3% of the population were under the age of 18, 6.2% from 18 to 24, 29.1% from 25 to 44, 26.9% from 45 to 64, and 10.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37.6 years. For every 100 females there were 96.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.3 males.[7]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $98,295 (with a margin of error of +/- $13,759) and the median family income was $109,375 (+/- $12,449). Males had a median income of $90,476 (+/- $9,127) versus $50,431 (+/- $6,983) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $38,234 (+/- $3,245). About 3.4% of families and 4.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.2% of those under age 18 and 3.0% of those age 65 or over.[27]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[14] there were 5,430 people, 1,901 households, and 1,515 families residing in the township. The population density was 368.1 people per square mile (142.1/km²). There were 1,971 housing units at an average density of 133.6 per square mile (51.6/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 94.68% White, 3.26% African American, 0.13% Native American, 0.64% Asian, 0.24% from other races, and 1.05% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.40% of the population.[25][26]

There were 1,901 households out of which 35.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 68.9% were married couples living together, 7.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.3% were non-families. 17.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.77 and the average family size was 3.12.[25][26]

In the township the population was spread out with 25.0% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 27.0% from 25 to 44, 26.5% from 45 to 64, and 14.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 91.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.3 males.[25][26]

The median income for a household in the township was $65,701, and the median income for a family was $74,455. Males had a median income of $51,662 versus $31,619 for females. The per capita income for the township was $25,345. About 2.6% of families and 3.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.2% of those under age 18 and 4.0% of those age 65 or over.[25][26]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

East Greenwich Township is governed under the Township form of government with a five-member Township Committee. The Township Committee is elected directly by the voters in partisan elections to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with one or two seats coming up for election each year as part of the November general election.[5] At an annual reorganization meeting, the Township Committee selects one of its members to serve as Mayor and another as Deputy Mayor.

As of 2013, East Greenwich Township Committee members are Mayor Frederick J. Grant (term ends December 31, 2013), Deputy Mayor Deputy Mayor Sam Giordano, Jr. (2014), Dale Archer (2015), Jeffrey Craig (2013) and Thomas Decker (2014).[28]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

East Greenwich Township is split between the 1st and 2nd Congressional Districts[29] and is part of New Jersey's 3rd state legislative district.[8][30][31] Prior to the 2010 Census, all of East Greenwich Township had been part of the 1st Congressional District, a change made by the New Jersey Redistricting Commission that took effect in January 2013, based on the results of the November 2012 general elections.[32] The split placed 7,747 residents living in the township's north and east in the 1st District, while 1,808 residents in the southwestern portion of the township were placed in the 2nd District.[29][33]

New Jersey's First Congressional District is represented by Rob Andrews (D, Haddon Heights).[34] New Jersey's Second Congressional District is represented by Frank LoBiondo (R, Ventnor City).[35] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[36][37] and Bob Menendez (D, North Bergen).[38][39]

The 3rd Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Stephen M. Sweeney (D, West Deptford Township) and in the General Assembly by John J. Burzichelli (D, Paulsboro) and Celeste Riley (D, Bridgeton).[40] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[41] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[42]

Gloucester County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders, whose seven members are elected at-large to three-year terms of office on a staggered basis in partisan elections, with two or three seats coming up for election each year. At a reorganization meeting held each January, the Board selects a Freeholder Director and a Deputy Freeholder Director from among its members. As of 2013, Gloucester County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Robert M. Damminger (D, West Deptford Township; term ends 2015),[43] Deputy Freeholder Director Giuseppe "Joe" Chila (D, Woolwich Township; 2015),[44] Lyman J. Barnes (D, Logan Township; 2014),[45] Vincent H. Nestore, Jr. (R, Deptford Township; 2013),[46] Heather Simmons (D, Glassboro; 2014),[47] Adam Taliaferro (D, Woolwich Township; 2014)[48] and Larry Wallace (R, Woolwich Township; 2013).[49][50] Constitutional officers elected countywide are County Clerk James N. Hogan,[51] Surrogate Helene M. Reed (Monroe Township)[52] and Sheriff Carmel Morina (Greenwich Township).[53][54]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 6,416 registered voters in East Greenwich, of which 2,088 (32.5%) were registered as Democrats, 1,285 (20.0%) were registered as Republicans and 3,042 (47.4%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There was one voter registered to another party.[55]

In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 50.6% of the vote here (2,319 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 47.7% (2,186 votes) and other candidates with 0.7% (32 votes), among the 4,580 ballots cast by the borough's 5,869 registered voters, for a turnout of 78.0%.[56] In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 55.0% of the vote here (2,062 ballots cast), outpolling Democrat John Kerry with 43.6% (1,633 votes) and other candidates with 0.6% (29 votes), among the 3,749 ballots cast by the borough's 4,723 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 79.4.[57]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 52.7% of the vote here (1,636 ballots cast), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 37.0% (1,148 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 8.7% (269 votes) and other candidates with 0.5% (14 votes), among the 3,103 ballots cast by the borough's 6,096 registered voters, yielding a 50.9% turnout.[58]

Transportation[edit]

The New Jersey Turnpike passes through in the southeast, but the closest interchange is Interchange 2 in neighboring Woolwich. Interstate 295 and U.S. Route 130 passes thorough with Exit 17 straddling the border between the municipality and neighboring Greenwich.

The major county highway to pass through is County Road 551.

New Jersey Transit bus service is available to Philadelphia on the 401 route.[59]

Education[edit]

Public school students in Kindergarten through sixth grade attend the East Greenwich Township School District. The schools in the district (with 2010-11 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[60]) are Jeffrey Clark School, located on Quaker Road,[61] which had an enrollment of 480 students in grades K-2 and Samuel Mickle School, located on Kings Highway,[62] which served 529 students in grades 3-6.[63]

For grades 7-12, public school students are educated by the Kingsway Regional School District. The district serves students from East Greenwich Township, along with those from South Harrison Township, Swedesboro and Woolwich Township, with the addition of students from Logan Township who attend as part of a sending/receiving relationship.[64][65] Schools in the district (with 2010-11 enrollment from the National Center for Education Statistics[66]) are Kingsway Regional Middle School[67] (739 students in grades 7 and 8) and Kingsway Regional High School[68] (1,491; 9-12).[69] Under a 2011 proposal, Kingsway would merge with its member districts to become a full K-12 district, with various options for including Logan Township as part of the consolidated district.[70]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f County Subdivisions: New Jersey - 2010 Census Gazetteer Files, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 9, 2013.
  3. ^ 2013 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 12, 2013.
  4. ^ Clerk's Office, East greenwich Township. Accessed November 6, 2012.
  5. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 19.
  6. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township of East Greenwich, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 5, 2013.
  7. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for East Greenwich township, Gloucester County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 9, 2013.
  8. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 2. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  9. ^ a b c Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for East Greenwich township, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed July 9, 2013.
  10. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013 - 2013 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 16, 2014.
  11. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 9, 2013.
  12. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Mickleton, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed November 6, 2012.
  13. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Mickleton, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed September 4, 2013.
  14. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  15. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed October 27, 2012.
  16. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  17. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed July 9, 2013.
  18. ^ Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 138. Accessed October 25, 2012.
  19. ^ Barnett, Bob. "Population Data for Gloucester County Municipalities, 1800 - 2000, WestJersey.org, January 6, 2011. Accessed August 6, 2011.
  20. ^ Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed September 4, 2013.
  21. ^ Porter, Robert Percival. Preliminary Results as Contained in the Eleventh Census Bulletins: Volume III - 51 to 75, p. 98. United States Census Bureau, 1890. Accessed September 4, 2013.
  22. ^ Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890, United States Census Bureau, p. 336. Accessed May 7, 2012.
  23. ^ Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 716. Accessed March 7, 2012.
  24. ^ New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network. Accessed May 7, 2012.
  25. ^ a b c d e Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for East Greenwich township, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 9, 2013.
  26. ^ a b c d e DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for East Greenwich township, Gloucester County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 9, 2013.
  27. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for East Greenwich township, Gloucester County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 9, 2013.
  28. ^ Mayor & Township Committee, East Greenwich Township. Accessed July 24, 2013.
  29. ^ a b Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  30. ^ 2012 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 56, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  31. ^ Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  32. ^ 2011 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 56, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  33. ^ New Jersey Congressional Districts 2012-2012: East Greenwich Map, New Jersey Department of State. Accessed January 3, 2013.
  34. ^ Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
  35. ^ Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
  36. ^ Cory A. Booker, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  37. ^ Nutt, Amy Ellis (October 31, 2013). "Booker is officially a U.S. senator after being sworn in". NJ.com/Associated Press. Accessed October 31, 2013.
  38. ^ Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013. "He currently lives in North Bergen and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
  39. ^ Senators of the 113th Congress from New Jersey. United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  40. ^ Legislative Roster 2014-2015 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 16, 2014.
  41. ^ "About the Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  42. ^ "About the Lieutenant Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  43. ^ Robert M. Damminger, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  44. ^ Giuseppe (Joe) Chila, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  45. ^ Lyman Barnes, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  46. ^ Vincent H. Nestore, Jr., Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  47. ^ Heather Simmons, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  48. ^ Adam J. Taliaferro, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  49. ^ Larry Wallace, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  50. ^ Board of Freeholders, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  51. ^ James N. Hogan, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  52. ^ Surrogate Helene M. Reed, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  53. ^ Sheriff Carmel M. Morina, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  54. ^ Row Officers, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  55. ^ Voter Registration Summary - Gloucester, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 23, 2011. Accessed November 6, 2012.
  56. ^ 2008 Presidential General Election Results: Gloucester County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 23, 2008. Accessed November 6, 2012.
  57. ^ 2004 Presidential Election: Gloucester County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 13, 2004. Accessed November 6, 2012.
  58. ^ 2009 Governor: Gloucester County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 31, 2009. Accessed November 6, 2012.
  59. ^ Gloucester County Bus / Rail Connections, New Jersey Transit, backed up by the Internet Archive as of July 26, 2010. Accessed November 6, 2012.
  60. ^ Data for the East Greenwich Township School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed November 6, 2012.
  61. ^ Jeffrey Clark School, East Greenwich Township School District. Accessed July 24, 2013.
  62. ^ Samuel Mickle School, East Greenwich Township School District. Accessed July 24, 2013.
  63. ^ New Jersey School Directory for the East Greenwich Township School District, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed July 24, 2013.
  64. ^ Kingsway Regional School District 2013 Report Card Narrative, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed September 4, 2013. "Kingsway is situated in predominately rural/suburban areas, with more than 20,000 people residing within its 52 square mile border. The District includes the Borough of Swedesboro and the Townships of South Harrison, East Greenwich, and Woolwich. Though not part of the District, students from Logan Township attend Kingsway High School through a send/receive relationship as paid tuition students."
  65. ^ School Profile, Kingsway Regional School District. Accessed September 4, 2013. "The District includes Swedesboro and the Townships of South Harrison, East Greenwich and Woolwich. Though not part of the District, students from Logan Township attend Kingsway High School through a send/receive relationship as paid tuition students."
  66. ^ School Data for Kingsway Regional School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed September 4, 2013.
  67. ^ Kingsway Regional Middle School, Kingsway Regional School District. Accessed September 4, 2013.
  68. ^ Kingsway Regional High School, Kingsway Regional School District. Accessed September 4, 2013.
  69. ^ New Jersey School Directory for the Kingsway Regional School District, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed September 4, 2013.
  70. ^ Forand, Rebecca. "Kingsway districts may see change", Gloucester County Times, April 7, 2011. Accessed September 4, 2013. "A study is being planned to evaluate the fiscal feasibility of the regionalization of the school districts associated with the Kingsway Regional district, and the impact of continuing or severing the current relationship the district has with Logan Township. Woolwich township, Swedesboro, East Greenwich Township and South Harrison Township all currently feed their elementary students to the Kingsway Regional district for middle and high school, with Logan Township sending students to the high school on a tuition basis. The study will address the fiscal feasibility of regionalizing Kingsway, East Greenwich, South Harrison and Swedesboro-Woolwich."

External links[edit]