East Grinstead (UK Parliament constituency)

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East Grinstead
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
County West Sussex
Major settlements East Grinstead
18851983
Number of members One
Replaced by Mid Sussex and Wealden
1307–1832
Number of members Two
Type of constituency Borough constituency

East Grinstead was a parliamentary constituency in the Kingdom of England, the Kingdom of Great Britain, and the United Kingdom. It first existed as a Parliamentary borough from 1307, returning two Members of Parliament to the House of Commons elected by the bloc vote system. The borough was disfranchised under the Reform Act 1832, but the name was revived at the 1885 election when the Redistribution of Seats Act created a new single-member county division of the same name.

Upon its abolition for the 1983 election, its territory was divided between Mid Sussex and Wealden.

Members of Parliament[edit]

MPs 1307–1660[edit]

Year First member Second member
1388 (Feb) John Dyne John Heldele [1]
1388 (Sep) William Nelond Richard Woghere [1]
1390 (Jan)
1390 (Nov)
1391 John Alfray I John Dyne [1]
1393 Thomas Alleyn Thomas Rasse [1]
1394
1395 Thomas Farlegh William atte Hull [1]
1397 (Jan) John Dyne John Punget [1]
1397 (Sep) John Dyne John Punget [1]
1399 John Dyne Richard Woghere [1]
1401
1402 John Dyne Richard Woghere [1]
1404 (Jan)
1404 (Oct)
1406
1407 John Dyne Richard Woghere [1]
1410
1411
1413 (Feb)
1413 (May) Thomas Alleyn John Hoke [1]
1414 (Apr)
1414 (Nov) John Dyne John Woghere [1]
1415
1416 (Mar) John Ermyte John Mason [1]
1416 (Oct)
1417
1419 William Fenningham John Hamme [1]
1420
1421 (May) Richard Fowell John Woghere [1]
1421 (Dec) John Alfray II John Woghere [1]
1433 Thomas Russell[2]
1457 Ralph Legh
1510-1523 No names known [3]
1529 William Rutter Edward Goodwin [3]
1536  ?
1539  ?
1542  ? John Sackville [3]
1545  ?
1547 Jasper Culpeper John Sackville II, died
and replaced by Jan 1552 by
George Darrell [3]
1553 (Mar) Sir Robert Oxenbridge George Darrell [3]
1553 (Oct) Sir Thomas Stradling John Story[3]
1554 (Apr) Richard Whalley Anthony Stapleton [3]
1554 (Nov) Thomas Duffield
1555 ?William Barnes John Wiseman [3]
1558 Thomas Farnham Thomas Parker [3]
1559 Thomas Sackville Humphrey Llwyd [4]
1562/3 John Sackville Lawrence Banester [4]
1571 John Jeffrey Henry Berkeley [4]
1572 Thomas Cure Michael Heneage [4]
1584 Thomas Cure Francis Alford [4]
1586 John Covert Drew Pickesse [4]
1589 Francis Alford Thomas Frere [4]
1593 Reade Stafford John Shurley [4]
1597 George Rivers Richard Baker [4]
1601 Sir Henry Compton George Rivers [4]
1604 Sir Henry Compton Sir John Swynnerton
1614 Sir Henry Compton George Rivers
1621 Sir Henry Compton Thomas Pelham
1624 Robert Heath Thomas Caldicot
1625 Robert Heath Sir Henry Compton
1626 Robert Goodwin Sir Henry Compton
1628-1629 Robert Goodwin Sir Henry Compton
1629–1640 No Parliaments summoned
1640 (Apr) Sir Henry Compton Robert Goodwin
1640 (Nov) Lord Buckhurst, disabled 1644 Robert Goodwin
1648 Robert Goodwin John Baker
1653 Not represented in Barebones Parliament
1654 John Goodwin (one seat only)
1656 John Goodwin (one seat only)
1659 Robert Goodwin George Courthope

MPs 1660–1885[edit]

Year First member Second member
1660 Marmaduke Gresham George Courthope
1661 Lord Buckhurst
1675 Edward Sackville
1678 Thomas Pelham
12 February 1679 Edward Sackville
7 April 1679 Henry Powle
19 April 1679 Sir Thomas Littleton, Bt
19 August 1679 Goodwin Wharton William Jephson
1681 Sir Cyril Wyche Henry Powle
1685 Simon Smith Thomas Jones
1689 Sir Thomas Dyke Thomas Sackville
1693 Simon Smith
February 1695 The Earl of Orrery
November 1695 John Conyers
1698 The Earl of Orrery
January 1701 Matthew Prior
November 1701 The Earl of Orrery
1702 John Toke
1708 Viscount Lumley Henry Campion
1710 John Conyers Leonard Gale
1713 Hon. Spencer Compton
1715 The Viscount Shannon
March 1722 Hon. Sir Spencer Compton
November 1722 The Viscount Shannon
1725 Edward Conyers
1727 The Viscount Palmerston
1734 The Earl of Middlesex Edward Conyers
1741 Sir Whistler Webster
1742 John Butler
1747 Sydney Smythe
1751 Hon. Joseph Yorke
March 1761 The Earl of Middlesex Lord George Sackville
December 1761 Sir Thomas Hales, Bt
1762 John Irwin
1765 Sir Charles Farnaby
1767 Lord George Sackville
1782 Henry Arthur Herbert
1783 George Medley
1786 James Cuninghame
1788 Robert Cuninghame
1789 Richard Ford
1790 Nathaniel Dance William Hamilton Nisbet
1796 James Strange
1802 Sir Henry Strachey Daniel Giles
1807 Sir Nathaniel Dance-Holland, Bt. Charles Rose Ellis
January 1812 Richard Wellesley
March 1812 George Gunning
June 1812 Nicholas Vansittart
October 1812 George Gunning James Stephen
1815 Sir George Johnstone Hope
May 1818 Lord Strathavon
June 1818 The Hon. Charles Jenkinson
1829 Viscount Holmesdale
1830 Frederick Richard West
  • Constituency abolished (1832)

MPs 1885–1983[edit]

  • Constituency revived (1885)
Election Name Party Notes
1885 George Burrow Gregory Conservative MP for East Sussex 1868–1885
1886 Alfred Erskine Gathorne-Hardy Conservative MP for Canterbury 1878–1880. Son of 1st Earl of Cranbrook
1895 George Goschen Conservative Governor of Madras 1924–1929; 2nd Viscount Goschen 1907–1952
1906 Charles Corbett Liberal
1910 (Jan) Henry Strother Cautley Conservative ennobled in 1936 as Baron Cautley, triggering a by-election
1936 by-election Ralph Stephenson Clarke Conservative
1955 Evelyn Violet Elizabeth Emmet Conservative Made a life peer in 1965 as Baroness Emmet of Amberley, triggering a by-election
1965 by-election Geoffrey Johnson Smith Conservative Former broadcaster. MP for Wealden 1983–2001
1983 Constituency abolished. See Wealden and Mid Sussex

Elections[edit]

General Election 1906 East Grinstead[5]

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Charles Joseph Henry Corbett
Conservative
Majority
Turnout
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election 1918: East Grinstead[6]

Electorate 35,955

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist 12,584 67.0
Labour David Graham Pole 6,208 33.0
Majority 6,376 34.0
Turnout 52.3
Unionist hold Swing
  • denotes candidate who was endorsed by the Coalition Government.

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1922: East Grinstead[7]

Electorate 38,664

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Henry Strother Cautley 15,981 71.0 +4.0
Labour Thomas Crawford 6,527 29.0 -4.0
Majority 9,454 42.0 +8.0
Turnout 58.2 +5.9
Unionist hold Swing +4.0
General Election 1923: East Grinstead[8]

Electorate 39,405

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Henry Strother Cautley 14,215 68.8
Labour Thomas Crawford 6,451 31.2
Majority 7,764 37.6 -4.4
Turnout 52.4
Unionist hold Swing -2.2
General Election 1924: East Grinstead[9]

Electorate 40,500

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Sir Henry Strother Cautley 18,365 64.6
Liberal Godfrey Frerichs Mowatt 5,604 19.7 n/a
Labour J Morgan 4,479 15.7
Majority 12,761 44.9
Turnout 70.2
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1929: East Grinstead[10]

Electorate 55,352

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Sir Henry Strother Cautley 21,940 57.9 -6.7
Liberal Miss Barbara Ellen Mary Bliss 9,718 25.6 +5.9
Labour Thomas Crawford 6,265 16.5 +0.8
Majority 12,222
Turnout 68.5 -1.7
Unionist hold Swing

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

Evan Durbin
General Election 1931: East Grinstead[11]

Electorate 57,697

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Henry Strother Cautley 34,826 87.2
Labour Evan Frank Mottram Durbin 5,121 12.8
Majority 29,705 74.4
Turnout 39,947 69.2
Conservative hold Swing
  • Liberal candidate Lewis R. Jones withdrew at the last minute.
General Election 1935: East Grinstead[12]

Electorate 61,305

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Henry Strother Cautley 29,440 78.4
Labour Stanilaus Seuffert 8,097 21.6
Majority 21,343 56.9
Turnout 37,537 61.2
Conservative hold Swing
East Grinstead by-election, 1936[13]

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Ralph Stephenson Clarke 22,207 79.6 +1.2
Labour AE Millett 5,708 20.4 -1.2
Majority 16,499 59.2 +2.4
Turnout 45.5 -15.7
Conservative hold Swing +1.2

General Election 1939/40: Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the Autumn of 1939, the following candidates had been selected;

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: East Grinstead[15]

Electorate 69,860

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Col. Ralph Stephenson Clarke 28,273 57.1
Labour David George Packham 12,519 25.3
Liberal John Charles McLaughlin 8,711 17.6 n/a
Majority 15,754 31.8
Turnout 70.9
Conservative hold Swing

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p "History of Parliament". History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 2011-10-20. 
  2. ^ http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1386-1421/member/russell-thomas-ii
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i "History of Parliament". History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 2011-10-20. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "History of Parliament". History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 2011-10-20. 
  5. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  6. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  7. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  8. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  9. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  10. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  11. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  12. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  13. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  14. ^ The Liberal Magazine, 1939
  15. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig

Further reading[edit]