East Kerry (UK Parliament constituency)

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East Kerry
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
18851922
Number of members One
Created from County Kerry

East Kerry was a UK Parliament constituency in Ireland, returning one Member of Parliament 1885–1922.

Prior to the United Kingdom general election, 1885 the area was part of the Kerry constituency. Following the Anglo-Irish Treaty and the formation of the Irish Free State in 1922, the area was no longer represented in the UK Parliament, as it was no longer part of the UK. The successor constituency in the new Dáil Éireann was Kerry–Limerick West first established under the Government of Ireland Act 1920 to elect members to the House of Commons of Southern Ireland in 1921.

Boundaries[edit]

This constituency comprised the eastern part of County Kerry.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member [1] Party
1885 Jeremiah Daniel Sheehan Irish Parliamentary Party
1891 Anti-Parnellite
1895 Michael Davitt[note 1] Anti-Parnellite
1895 vacant[note 1]
1896 The Hon J. B. Burke Roche Anti-Parnellite
1900 John Murphy Irish Parliamentary Party
1910 (January) Eugene O'Sullivan Irish Parliamentary Party[note 2]
1910 (June) vacant[note 3]
1910 (December) Timothy O'Sullivan Irish Parliamentary Party
1918 Piaras Béaslaí Sinn Féin
1922 constituency abolished

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b At the 1895 general election, Michael Davitt was also elected for South Mayo, and chose to sit for that seat. The East Kerry seat remained vacant until a by-election was held on 27 March 1896
  2. ^ Eugene O'Sullivan was elected as an Independent Nationalist but two days after beating the IPP John Murphy, he announced that he would join the IPP.[2]
  3. ^ After the general election in January 1910, John Murphy launched an election petition, alleging intimidation and irregularities at the election. The petition was heard in June 1910, at Killarney before Mr. Justices Madden and Kenny. After 7 days of hearings the judges found for Murphy, and O'Sullivan was unseated.[3] However, the Irish Parliamentary Party failed to move the writ for a by-election, and the seat remained vacant until the December 1910 general election.[4]

Elections[edit]

1885[edit]

Jeremiah Daniel Sheehan was returned with a massive majority over his opponent, C H de G Robertson:

-Majority: 3039 (98.0%)

This remains the largest majority by percentage of the vote in any UK Parliamentary election.

1886[edit]

Sheehan (Nationalist) was returned unopposed.

1892[edit]

Sheehan was returned again with a large majority over his opponent, Captain John McGillycuddy:

  • Sheehan (Anti-Parnellite Nationalist): 2600
  • McGillycuddy (Conservative): 253

-Majority: 2347

1895[edit]

Michael Davitt (Anti-Parnellite Nationalist) was returned unopposed, but he also stood for election and won in South Mayo. He took up the South Mayo seat and Kerry East remained vacant until the by-election the following year.

1896[edit]

Roche (Anti-Parnellite Nationalist) was returned but with fewer votes than his Nationalist predecessors. It was thought he lost some support because as a divorced man he was less popular with the Catholic vote.[5]

  • The Hon James Burke Roche (Anti-Parnellite Nationalist): 1961
  • John McGillycuddy (Conservative): 680

-Majority: 1281

1900[edit]

Murphy (Nationalist) was returned unopposed.

1906[edit]

In a closely fought contest between two Nationalist factions, Murphy was returned by a narrow margin:

  • John Murphy (Nationalist): 2185
  • Eugene O'Sullivan (Nationalist): 2131

-Majority: 54

January 1910[edit]

The incumbent Murphy (Official Nationalist) was beaten by Independent candidate, Eugene O'Sullivan, who was a follower of William O'Brien's All-for-Ireland League. Shortly after being elected, O'Sullivan re-joined the official Nationalists, but Murphy petitioned the courts claiming that the vote had been rigged and that O'Sullivan had only won through violence and intimidation. The court cleared O'Sullivan of vote rigging but found him guilty of intimidation.[6] The election was declared void, unseating O'Sullivan and creating a vacancy.

  • O'Sullivan (Independent Nationalist): 2643
  • Murphy (Nationalist): 2154

-Majority: 489

December 1910[edit]

Eugene O'Sullivan's cousin, Timothy O'Sullivan, stood for the Nationalists. The Independent Nationalist All-for-Ireland candidate, Patrick Guiney, contested both this seat and North Cork. Although he lost in East Kerry, he was elected unopposed in North Cork, so both candidates became Members of Parliament, albeit for different constituencies. As earlier in the year, the election was marred by election violence, which included a riot at Castleisland.[7]

  • O'Sullivan (Official Nationalist)
  • Guiney (Independent Nationalist)

-Majority: 1253

1918[edit]

Beasley (Sinn Féin) was returned unopposed. In accordance with his party's policy, he declined to take his seat in the British House of Commons, sitting instead in the Irish revolutionary assembly, Dáil Éireann.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "K" (part 1)[self-published source][better source needed]
  2. ^ The Times (London), Friday, January 28, 1910 p. 7 col. E
  3. ^ The Times, 30 June, 1910
  4. ^ The Times, 21 November, 1910
  5. ^ The Times (London) Friday, 27 March 1896, p. 7 col. F
  6. ^ The Times (London), Wednesday 22 June 1910, p. 10 col. B
  7. ^ The Times (London), Thursday, 15 December 1910; p. 6 col. D