East Khasi Hills district

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East Khasi Hills district
Khasi Hills
District of Meghalaya
Location of East Khasi Hills district in Meghalaya
Location of East Khasi Hills district in Meghalaya
Country India
State Meghalaya
Headquarters Shillong
Government
 • Assembly seats 7
Area
 • Total 2,752 km2 (1,063 sq mi)
Population (2011[1])
 • Total 824,059
 • Density 300/km2 (780/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy 63.31%
 • Sex ratio 1008
Major highways NH-44, NH-40
Website Official website

East Khasi Hills is an administrative district in the state of Meghalaya in India. The district headquarters are located at Shillong. The district occupies an area of 2752 km² and has a population of 824,059 (as of 2011). As of 2011 it is the most populous district of Meghalaya (out of 7).[2]

History[edit]

The East Khasi Hills district was carved out of the erestwhile Khasi Hills district, which was dividied into East and West Khasi Hills districts on 28 October 1976. On June 4, 1992, East Khasi Hills District was further divided into two administrative districts of East Khasi Hills District and Ri-Bhoi District.

Geography[edit]

Shillong is the district headquarters of East Khasi Hills District.

East Khasi Hills District forms a central part of Meghalaya and covers a total geographical area of 2,748 km2. It lies approximately between 25°07” & 25°41” N Lat. And 91°21” & 92°09” E Long.

The northern portion of the district is bounded by the plain of Ri-Bhoi District gradually rising to the rolling grasslands of the Shillong plateau interspersed with river valleys, then falls sharply in the Southern portion forming a deep gorges and ravines in Mawsynram and Shella-Bholaganj, community and rural development block, bordering Bangladesh. The district is bounded by the Jaintia Hills District to the east and the West Khasi Hills District to the west.

The East Khasi Hills District is mostly hilly with deep gorges and ravines on the southern portion. The most important physiographic features of the district is the Shillong Plateau interspersed with river valley, then fall sharply in the southern portion forming deep gorges and ravine in Mawsynram and Shella-Bholaganj bordering Bangladesh. Shillong peak lying 10 km from the city, offer a panoramic view of the scenic country side and is also the highest point in the district as well as in the State.

Climate[edit]

The climate of the district ranges from temperate in the plateau region to the warmer tropical and sub-tropical pockets on the Northern and Southern regions. The whole of the district is influenced by the south-west monsoon which begins generally from May and continues till September. The weather is humid for the major portion of the year except for the relatively dry spell usually between December and March.


Climate data for Shillong
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 51
(11)
54
(12)
72
(22)
75
(24)
75
(24)
75
(24)
75
(24)
77
(25)
75
(24)
63
(17)
48
(9)
43
(6)
65.3
(18.5)
Average low °F (°C) 33
(1)
36
(2)
54
(12)
59
(15)
61
(16)
64
(18)
66
(19)
64
(18)
64
(18)
49
(9)
32
(0)
26
(−3)
50.7
(10.4)
Rainfall inches (mm) 0.04
(1)
0.12
(3)
4.29
(109)
12.28
(312)
23.9
(607)
43.74
(1,111)
45.63
(1,159)
29.17
(741)
21.73
(552)
9.53
(242)
0.98
(25)
0.59
(15)
192
(4,877)
Avg. rainy days 1 2 5 11 15 18 19 16 13 6 2 1 109
Source: http://worldclimateguide.co.uk/climateguides/india/shillong.php

Divisions[edit]

Administrative divisions[edit]

East Khasi Hills division is divided into eight blocks:[3]

Name Headquarters Population Location
Khatarshnong Laitkroh Mawjrong
East Khasi Hills Subdivisions Khatarshnong Laitkroh.png
Mawkynrew Mawkynrew
East Khasi Hills Subdivisions Mawkynrew.png
Mawphlang Mawphlang
East Khasi Hills Subdivisions Mawphlang.png
Mawryngkneng Mawryngkneng
East Khasi Hills Subdivisions Mawryngknang.png
Mawsynram Mawsynram
East Khasi Hills Subdivisions Mawsynram.png
Mylliem Mylliem
East Khasi Hills Subdivisions Mylliem.png
Pynsursla Pynsursla
East Khasi Hills Subdivisions Pynsursla.png
Shella Bholaganj Cherrapunjee
East Khasi Hills Subdivisions Shella Bholaganj.png

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census East Khasi Hills district has a population of 824,059,[2] roughly equal to the nation of Comoros[4] or the US state of South Dakota.[5] This gives it a ranking of 478th in India (out of a total of 640).[2] The district has a population density of 292 inhabitants per square kilometre (760/sq mi) .[2] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 24.68%.[2] East Khasi Hills has a sex ratio of 1008 females for every 1000 males,[2] and a literacy rate of 84.7%.[2]

Culture[edit]

Places of interest[edit]

  • Shillong the headquarters of this district is a beautiful hill station with plenty of tourist attraction all around.
  • Cherrapunjee once the wettest place on the planet also known for its living root bridges and is a popular tourist attraction.
  • Nohkalikai Falls one of the tallest falls in India is located near Cherrapunjee.
  • Nohsngithiang Falls
  • Kynrem Falls
  • Umiam Lake a beautiful artificial lake on the way to Shillong.
  • Mawlynnong village, located in the Pynsursla block, is known for its cleanliness. The travel magazine Discover India declared the village as the cleanest in Asia in 2003, and the cleanest in India in 2005.[6]

Transport[edit]

The headquarters of the district, Shillong which is also the capital city of State, is connected to Guwahati and Silchar by NH 44 of 103 km and 240 km respectively. The nearest Rail head and airport are situated at Guwahati. There is an airstrip suitable for small aircraft at Umroi which is 35 km from Shillong. The agricultural and other products are transported by trucks, jeeps and tractors. Shillong is well connected with other parts of the State by motorable road. Similarly, all the block headquarters in the district are also connected by roads. However, the villages in the interior areas are poorly connected and transport services are inadequate.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.census2011.co.in/news/536-east-khasi-hills-census-2011-highlights.html
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  3. ^ The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India, New Delhi, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India (2011) (in English) (PDF). Meghalaya Administrative Divisions (Map). http://censusindia.gov.in/2011census/maps/administrative_maps/MEGHALAYA.pdf. Retrieved 2011-09-29.
  4. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Comoros 794,683 July 2011 est. 
  5. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. South Dakota 814,180 
  6. ^ Eco Destination, Department of Tourism, Government of Meghalaya

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 25°34′00″N 91°53′00″E / 25.5667°N 91.8833°E / 25.5667; 91.8833