East Kildonan, Winnipeg

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Skyline of Winnipeg from Civic Park

East Kildonan is a primarily residential community in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, located in the northeast part of the city. Commonly known by its initials "E. K. ", the neighbourhood has a population of approximately 26,278 (2011 Census).

East Kildonan is bounded by the Red River on the west, the lane between Harbison and Larsen Avenues on the south, Panet Road, 100 metres (330 ft) north of Blantyre Avenue, and the Canadian Pacific Railway Marconi tracks (removed in 2006) on the east, and Oakland Avenue on the north. East Kildonan is made up of the neighbourhoods of Munroe, Morse Place, Rossmere, and Fraser's Grove.

It is mainly a working and middle class community, though there are poorer pockets south of Munroe Avenue and more affluent areas along the Red River and west of Henderson Highway, East Kildonan's major thoroughfare. There is a small industrial area located between Watt Street and the CPR tracks.

History[edit]

The name "Kildonan" originates from the Parish of Kildonan which was created in 1817.[1] At the time, parishes formed both a land use system and a system of local government.[2] The Parish of Kildonan formed part of the Red River Colony, and was named for the Strath of Kildonan on the Sutherland estate in Scotland where many of the settlers came from.[1][3]

The Municipality of Kildonan was established in 1876. From 1876 to 1914 the Rural Municipality of Kildonan included a large area on both sides of the Red River, just north of the original City of Winnipeg.[4] The area remained primarily agricultural until the beginning of the 20th century. It was a centre for market gardening to serve the needs of nearby Winnipeg. In 1903 streetcar service was initiated in the area and this began the area's development as a residential suburb of Winnipeg. In 1906 the more heavily developed southern area of the municipality, known as Elmwood, joined with the City of Winnipeg.

In 1914 Kildonan was divided in two: East and West Kildonan, with the Red River as the boundary. Subsequently, in 1925, the areas north of Oakland Avenue separated to form the Municipality of North Kildonan. East Kildonan developed rapidly after World War II, the population grew from 8,439 in 1941 to 30,150[5] in 1971.

It was incorporated as the City of East Kildonan on July 1, 1957.[6] Incorporation made East Kildonan into Manitoba's sixth largest city, with a population of 20,000.[7] In 1959, the opening of the Disraeli Freeway further accelerated the growth of the area.

Reeves and Mayors of the City of East Kildonan[7]
Term Reeve / Mayor
1914-1917 Donald Munroe (1854-1924)
1918-1923 Samuel Robert Henderson (1863-1928)
1924-1928 Nicholas "Nick" Fletcher (1888-1981)
1929-1933 David Jeffery Allan (1887-1956)
1934-1947 Walter Peter Larsen (1897-1962)
1948-1955 John Leslie Bodie (1909-1997)
1956 Francis William "Frank" Dryden (1903-1963)
1956-1965 George Nordland Suttie (1901-1968)
1966 Michael Spack (1922-2011)
1966-1967 George Nordland Suttie (1901-1968)
1968-1969 Michael Ruta
1970-1971 Stanley Dowhan (1927-1993)

In 1972, East Kildonan, along with the old City of Winnipeg and eleven other municipalities in the Greater Winnipeg Area, amalgamated to form the City of Winnipeg. It was the only suburban municipality to be in favour of the "Unicity" scheme.[citation needed]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Fonds - CITY OF EAST KILDONAN, MANITOBA fonds". Manitoba Archival Information Network. Retrieved 21 November 2012. 
  2. ^ "Planning Manitoba's Capital Region: Next Steps". Province of Manitoba. Retrieved 28 November 2012. 
  3. ^ "North & East Kildonan". Tourism Winnipeg. Retrieved 28 November 2012. 
  4. ^ "East Kildonan Police 1914-1974". Pre-Amalgamation Police Department Histories. City of Winnipeg. 8 August 2007. Retrieved 4 February 2013. 
  5. ^ "TABLE 3. Population by Specified Age Groups, for Incorporated Cities, Towns and Villages of 10,000 Population and Over, 1971". Advance Bulletin 1971 Census of Canada. Statistics Canada. p. 7. Retrieved 4 February 2013. 
  6. ^ "City of East Kildonan". City of Winnipeg. Retrieved 5 November 2012. 
  7. ^ a b "Manitoba Municipalities: Municipality of East Kildonan". Manitoba Historical Society. Retrieved 21 November 2012. 

Coordinates: 49°55′20″N 97°06′02″W / 49.92222°N 97.10056°W / 49.92222; -97.10056