East Los Angeles, California
||The lead section of this article may need to be rewritten. The reason given is: it does not adequately introduce or summarize the content of the article per WP:LEAD. (October 2011)|
|East Los Angeles|
|— census-designated place —|
|Los Angeles County, California.|
|• Total||7.452 sq mi (19.302 km2)|
|• Land||7.448 sq mi (19.291 km2)|
|• Water||0.004 sq mi (0.011 km2) 0.06%|
|Elevation||200 ft (61 m)|
|• Density||17,000/sq mi ( 6,600/km2)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC-8)|
|• Summer (DST)||PDT (UTC-7)|
|ZIP code||90022, 90063|
|GNIS feature ID||1660583|
East Los Angeles (often shortened to East L.A. or East Los or in Spanish El Este de Los Ángeles) is an unincorporated area and census-designated place (CDP) in Los Angeles County, California, United States. It is located immediately east of the Boyle Heights district of the City of Los Angeles, which is the eastern edge of the City in this area; hence the name "East L.A." East L.A. is well known as a major hub of Hispanic (especially Mexican) population and culture in the region. As of the 2010 census, the area had a total population of 126,496, up from 124,283 at the 2000 census, making it the most populous CDP in California. The CDP area includes the separate community of City Terrace, which is also an unincorporated area. East Los Angeles is represented by Gloria Molina on the Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors. The community receives its police service from the Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department, and fire service is provided by the Los Angeles County Fire Department.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the community has a total area of 7.5 square miles (19 km2), all of it land.
East Los Angeles is bounded by the city of Los Angeles to the west, the unincorporated area of City Terrace to the northwest, the city of Monterey Park to the northeast, the city of Montebello to the east, and the city of Commerce to the south. It forms part of the East Los Angeles region. The unincorporated area of East Los Angeles was once known as "Maravilla" and also "Belvedere Gardens". Encompassing the land east of the Los Angeles River, East Los Angeles is a central historical area of the City that has for many years has been anchored by communities such as Boyle Heights and Lincoln Heights.
The 2010 United States Census reported that East Los Angeles had a population of 126,496. Population density was 16,973.5 people per square mile (6,553.5/km²). The racial makeup of East Los Angeles was 63,934 (50.5%) White, 817 (0.6%) African American, 1,549 (1.2%) Native American, 1,144 (0.9%) Asian, 63 (0.0%) Pacific Islander, 54,846 (43.4%) from other races, and 4,143 (3.3%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 122,784 persons (97.1%).
The Census reported that 126,176 people (99.7% of the population) lived in households, 174 (0.1%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 146 (0.1%) were institutionalized.
There were 30,816 households, out of which 17,509 (56.8%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 15,497 (50.3%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 7,104 (23.1%) had a female householder with no husband present, 3,238 (10.5%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 2,516 (8.2%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 199 (0.6%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 3,781 households (12.3%) were made up of individuals and 1,781 (5.8%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.09. There were 25,839 families (83.8% of all households); the average family size was 4.33.
The population was spread out with 39,804 people (31.5%) under the age of 18, 15,193 people (12.0%) aged 18 to 24, 37,354 people (29.5%) aged 25 to 44, 23,281 people (18.4%) aged 45 to 64, and 10,864 people (8.6%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29.1 years. For every 100 females there were 98.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.1 males.
There were 32,201 housing units at an average density of 4,320.8 per square mile (1,668.3/km²), of which 10,986 (35.7%) were owner-occupied, and 19,830 (64.3%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.2%; the rental vacancy rate was 3.2%. 47,123 people (37.3% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 79,053 people (62.5%) lived in rental housing units.
As of the  of 2000, there were 124,283 people, 29,844 households, and 25,068 families residing in the community. The population density was 16,697.4 people per square mile (6,449.7/km²). There were 31,096 housing units at an average density of 4,177.8 per square mile (1,613.7/km²). The racial makeup of the community was 39.3% White, 4.52% Black or African American, 1.29% Native American, 0.77% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 54.01% from other races, and 4.22% from two or more races. 96.8% of the population were Hispanic or Latino.
As of 2000, speakers of Spanish as a first language accounted for 87.30%, while English accounted for 12.65%, Japanese was spoken by 0.16%, Armenian made up 0.09%, Vietnamese was at 0.07%, Chinese at 0.05%, Russian at 0.04%, Tagalog at 0.03%, and Mandarin was at 0.03% of the population.
There were 29,844 households out of which 51.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.1% were married couples living together, 21.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 16.0% were non-families. 12.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.15 and the average family size was 4.42.
The age distribution of the community was as follows: 34.6% under the age of 18, 12.6% from 18 to 24, 30.7% from 25 to 44, 14.2% from 45 to 64, and 7.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 26 years. For every 100 females there were 101.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.2 males.
The median income for a household in the community was $28,544, and the median income for a family was $29,755. Males had a median income of $21,065 versus $18,475 for females. The per capita income for the community was $9,543. About 24.7% of families and 27.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 35.0% of those under age 18 and 13.5% of those age 65 or over. East Los Angeles has a very large Latino population that consists of Mexicans, Guatemalans, Salvadorans, and Hondurans.
Light rail service to East L.A. is provided by Metro Gold Line's Eastside Extension, which opened in 2009.
Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority (Metro) provides bus service from East L.A. to throughout the L.A. area. In addition, local shuttle service is provided by the El Sol (East Los Angeles Shuttle).
Primary and secondary schools 
Public schools 
LAUSD operates Amanecer PC in East Los Angeles. LAUSD elementary schools in East Los Angeles include Anton, Belvedere, Brooklyn Avenue, City Terrace, Eastman, Fourth Street, Ford Boulevard, Harrison, Humphreys Avenue, Robert F. Kennedy, Marianna, and Rowan Avenue. Hamasaki Elementary School, originally named Riggin Elementary School and renamed in 1990, is adjacent to and outside of the CDP. At one time Hammel Elementary School was in the East Los Angeles CDP.
The middle schools in the CDP include Belvedere Middle School and Griffith Middle School. Stevenson Middle School, adjacent to the CDP, is in Los Angeles. James A. Garfield High School is the sole traditional LAUSD public high school in East Los Angeles. Garfield High School participates in the "East LA Classic" against Theodore Roosevelt High School a football game that traditionally draws over 20,000 fans. Ramona High School, an alternative public high school, is in East Los Angeles. Alfonso Perez School, a K-12 alternative school, is in the CDP.
Montebello USD schools include Gascon Elementary School, Montebello Park Elementary School, and Winter Gardens Elementary School.
Adult Education programs from the Eastside Learning Center and East Los Angeles Occupational Center are intended and currently plan to be relocated at the East LA Star Hospital site. The East LA Star Adult Education project is expected to be completed by 2011.
Oscar De La Hoya Animo High School is in the area.
Private schools 
The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Los Angeles operates Catholic schools in the CDP. Schools include Our Lady of Lourdes School (PK-8), St. Alphonsus School (PK, 1-8), and Our Lady of Guadalupe School (K-8).
Colleges and universities 
Public libraries 
County of Los Angeles Public Library operates the East Los Angeles Library in the CDP. The East Los Angeles Library opened on May 1, 1923; originally it was a collection of books in a store. A building was built to house the collection several months later. A new library building opened in 1924. In 1932 the library moved to a new building. In 1967 the library moved into another building, which was 15,120 square feet (1,405 m2) large. In 2004 the library moved to its current location, a 26,300 square feet (2,440 m2) facility designed by Stephen Finney of the Glendale, California firm CWA AIA, Inc. The current library has areas for adults and children, the Chicano Resource Center, a 175 person meeting room, a computer room, a Friends of the Library bookstore, and free parking areas. The library design has Mayan design and themes, as requested from area residents. References to the sun and moon, which are themes in Mayan art, were incorporated in the library.
The county operates the City Terrace Library in the CDP. The library has been in its current location since 1979. In addition the county operates the El Camino Real Library in the CDP. The library opened in 1929 as the Stephenson Library. In 1972 the library moved to its current location, and in 1975 it was rededicated as the El Camino Real library, as it is located on the historic El Camino Real.
Also the county operates the Anthony Quinn Library in the CDP. The library, originally known as the Belvedere Library, opened in January 1914. In 1925 the library moved to a storefront facility; at that time its collection was several thousand books. In 1937 the library moved to a new site. In 1973 the library moved to its current location. On January 5, 1982, the library took its current name; the childhood house of actor Anthony Quinn was located on the present day site of the library, and the library was renamed after Quinn. The First Supervisorial District funded a renovation that occurred in 2000. The library reopened in February 2001 with a new appearance and new furnishings.
Financial institutions 
There is only one bank headquartered in East Los Angeles. Pan American Bank, founded in 1964 by Romana Acosta Banuelos, maintains its corporate headquarters and two branches in East Los Angeles (one on East First Street and one on Whittier Boulevard). Pan American Bank also maintains a presence in Santa Ana, CA. Pan American Bank is California's oldest Latino-owned bank and the second oldest Latino-owned bank in the United States.
Pan American Bank was founded to serve the largely Mexican-American community (consumers and small businesses) that was historically under-served due to redlining. Today Pan American Bank continues to focus on the Latino communities in Los Angeles and Orange County.
Pan American Bank's mission is to transform and empower Latino communities through banking relationships built on trust, service, respect, communication and guidance.
Government and infrastructure 
As East Los Angeles is an unincorporated community, it does not have a local government, and relies on the County of Los Angeles for local services. Supervisor Gloria Molina represents East LA on the Board of Supervisors.
East Los Angeles is represented by many different elected officials in the California State Legislature. The unincorporated area is represented in the State Assembly, in order of area covered, by Charles Calderon of the 58th District, Kevin De Leon of the 45th District, John Pérez of the 46th District, and Mike Eng in the 49th District. In the State Senate, East Los Angeles is represented by Gloria J. Romero of the 24th District, Ronald S. Calderon of the 30th District, and Gil Cedillo of the 22nd District. In the U.S. House of Representatives, East LA is represented by Grace Napolitano of the 38th District, Lucille Roybal-Allard of the 34th District, and Judy Chu of the 32nd District.
Despite multiple failed attempts in the past, residents are currently campaigning for cityhood for East Los Angeles. Proponents of incorporation include California State Senator Gloria Romero and Congresswoman Grace Napolitano.
Cityhood campaign 
As of 2010, the East Los Angeles Residents Association is leading a campaign to incorporate East Los Angeles as a city. The group argues that cityhood would provide residents with local control over local policies, and that recent improvements to the area have made cityhood economically viable. Several campaigns for cityhood have been launched but failed over the past five decades.
Latino Walk of Fame 
The Walk of Fame is similar to the one in Hollywood, but with a probable focus on Latino celebrities. The Latino Walk of Fame was inaugurated on April 30, 1997 to honor outstanding leaders who have made historical and social contributions with a Sun Plaque on Whittier Boulevard the heart of East L.A.. Spaces have been created for over 280 plaques. Permanent granite plaques have been put in place for the first 20 honorees. The merchants’ association of East Los Angeles sponsors a Comprehensive Clean-Up Campaign that cleans the sidewalks and gutters daily and removes litter and trash. 
Parks and recreation 
Los Angeles County operates parks and recreation in East Los Angeles.
Atlantic Avenue Park in the CDP has a children's play area, picnic and barbecue areas, a men's locker room, a women's locker room, and a 50 meter, six lane swimming pool. In addition the park has a rose garden maintained by volunteers. The 39.1-acre (15.8 ha) Belvedere Community Regional Park is located adjacent to and outside of the CDP. The park has baseball fields, basketball courts, a children's play area, a community room, a fitness zone, a gymnasium, picnic shelters, a skate park, soccer (football), a splash pad, a swimming pool, and tennis courts.
City Terrace County Park, located in the CDP, was developed in 1933 by Works Progress Administration crews; the park occupied a piece of 3.5 acres (1.4 ha) terrace that was formed after crews hacked a rugged and barren hill. In 1957 600,000 cubic yards (460,000 m3) pf soil that had been removed from the construction of the Los Angeles Civic Center was transported to the City Terrace County Park. The soil filled a ravine, tripling the park's original acreage. The park has a basketball court, a children's playground, a community room, a computer center, a gymnasium, a multi-purpose field, a swimming pool, and tennis courts. Eugene A. Obregon Park, named after a Korean War Marine veteran and Medal of Honor recipient, is in the CDP. The park's official opening was on May 26, 1966. The park includes basketball courts, ceramic rooms, a community room, a computer center, a fitness zone, a gymnasium, a multi-purpose field, a swimming pool, and a walking path.
The 8.4-acre (3.4 ha) Ruben F. Salazar Memorial Park is in the CDP. The county purchased the original 1.47 acres (0.59 ha) of park property from Cedars of Lebanon Hospital on March 8, 1938. The land was officially designated as the "East Los Angeles Playground" two months later. On June 25, 1940 the property was renamed the "Laguna Park and Playground." On September 17, 1970 the Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors gave the park its current name. The park was named after Ruben F. Salazar, a Los Angeles Times columnist and an executive at KMEX. Salazar Park includes a baseball diamond, basketball courts, a children's play area, a community room, a computer center, a gymnasium, picnic shelters, a senior center, a swimming pool, and tennis courts. The 4.8-acre (1.9 ha) Saybrook Park is also in the CDP. The County Board of Supervisors approved final plans for developing the park on May 1, 1973. The park includes two outdoor basketball courts, a ball diamond, children's play areas, a community building with a community room, a computer technology building with a computer room, picnic and barbecue areas, and a tennis court.
The Eastside Eddie Heredia Boxing Club, operated by the county, is located inside a former fire station in the CDP. The club was named after Eddie Heredia, the first club of the champion, who died of leukemia at age 17. One of the members of the Heredia club became a member of the United States Olympic Boxing Team and entered the 2008 Beijing Olympics.
East LA Farmers Market 
Popular culture 
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (March 2010)|
East L.A. is a major hub of the Los Angeles area's large Hispanic (esp. Mexican) population. The development began in the 1910s when the first wave of Mexican immigrants settled down in the east sides of L.A. In the 1920s, many east L.A. residents were in fact Jewish European immigrants and their families, then began to relocate outward since the 1920s. Older Anglo (non-Hispanic white) residents also relocated en masse and by 1950, the community became majority Mexican-American. Later, East L.A. was a hotbed of activity during the Chicano rights movement in the 1960s. East L.A. of the 1970s and 80s developed a double reputation for poverty, high crime, street gangs and illegal drug trafficking, but romanticized for the strength of a small-knit family-oriented Hispanic culture and a strong sense of community.
The Boyle Heights and Lincoln Heights areas of Los Angeles are often mistakenly referred to as East L.A. although it's the eastern section of original Los Angeles in the late 19th century.
East L.A. was both the origin and destination of Cheech Marin in both the song and the movie Born in East L.A.. At the end of the song (which was a parody of Born in the U.S.A.), he parodies Randy Newman's I Love L.A. by singing the East L.A. streets Soto Street, Brooklyn Avenue, City Terrace, and Whittier Boulevard.
Dirty Vegas filmed their music video for their song "Days Go By" on the sidewalk in front of Chroni's Famous Sandwich Shop in East L.A. In the video, a man dances in front of Chroni's, supposedly year after year, in an effort to win his ex-girlfriend back into his life. Chroni's, along with other East L.A. landmarks, is also mentioned in Oscar Zeta Acosta's novel, The Revolt of the Cockroach People.
The area is also referenced in the Mötley Crüe song Wildside.
East L.A. is mentioned in the song "Americano" by Lady Gaga.
See also 
- U.S. Census
- East Los Angeles: city-data.com
- 2000 census boundary map: East Los Angeles CDP
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- Maravilla Foundation - Home
- Unincorporated Area East Los Angeles
- CA Counties 1900-1990
- http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=DEC_10_PL_GCTPL1.ST13&prodType=table US Census Bureau
- All data are derived from the United States Census Bureau reports from the 2010 United States Census, and are accessible on-line here. The data on unmarried partnerships and same-sex married couples are from the Census report DEC_10_SF1_PCT15. All other housing and population data are from Census report DEC_10_DP_DPDP1. Both reports are viewable online or downloadable in a zip file containing a comma-delimited data file. The area data, from which densities are calculated, are available on-line here. Percentage totals may not add to 100% due to rounding. The Census Bureau defines families as a household containing one or more people related to the householder by birth, opposite-sex marriage, or adoption. People living in group quarters are tabulated by the Census Bureau as neither owners nor renters. For further details, see the text files accompanying the data files containing the Census reports mentioned above.
- "MLA Data Center Results for East Los Angeles, California". Modern Language Association. Retrieved 2007-11-19.
- http://eastla.lacounty.info/edu_k12.htm eastla.lacounty.info
- "East Los Angeles CDP, California." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on March 15, 2010.
- "Amanecer PC." Los Angeles Unified School District. Retrieved on March 15, 2010.
- "Elementary School Named for Deceased Principal." Los Angeles Times. February 15, 1990. Metro Part B, Metro Desk. Start Page 2. Retrieved on March 15, 2010. "rename an East Los Angeles elementary school in honor of its popular principal, ... Riggin Elementary School will become Morris K. Hamasaki Elementary."
- DiMassa, Cara Mia. "Los Angeles; Accord Reached on High School for East L.A.; Proposal aims to ease the enrollment burden at Garfield. It involves building on the site of an elementary campus." Los Angeles Times. May 22, 2004. California Metro, Part B, Metro Desk. B3. Retrieved on March 15, 2010. "building the school on the site of what is now Hammel Street Elementary,"
- "Ramona High School." Los Angeles Unified School District. Retrieved on March 15, 2010.
- Home page." Alfonso Perez School. Retrieved on March 15, 2010.
- Merl, Jean. "Los Angeles; District Seeks Space for Charter Campuses, Eastside High School; L.A. Unified acts to provide land for charter sites under state law. Marchers demand a new campus for the East L.A. area." Los Angeles Times. March 31, 2004. California Metro, Part B, Metro Desk. B3. Retrieved on March 15, 2010. "next-best site for a 2000-student high school: Hammel Street Elementary and some adjacent housing in East Los Angeles. The grade school would be moved."
- "Our Lady of Lourdes LA." Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Los Angeles. Retrieved on March 15, 2010.
- "St. Alphonsus School." Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Los Angeles. Retrieved on March 15, 2010.
- "Our Lady of Guadalupe LA." Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Los Angeles. Retrieved on March 15, 2010.
- "East Los Angeles Library." County of Los Angeles Public Library. Retrieved on March 15, 2010.
- "City Terrace Library." County of Los Angeles Public Library. Retrieved on March 15, 2010.
- "El Camino Real Library." County of Los Angeles Public Library. Retrieved on March 15, 2010.
- "Anthony Quinn Library." County of Los Angeles Public Library. Retrieved on March 15, 2010.
- Cityhood for East Los Angeles
- "East Los Angeles Station." Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department. Retrieved on January 21, 2010.
- "Central Health Center." Los Angeles County Department of Health Services. Retrieved on March 18, 2010.
- "Post Office Location - EAST LOS ANGELES." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on December 6, 2008.
- http://www.cityhoodforeastla.org/ Cityhood For East L.A. website
- http://www.impre.com/laopinion/opinion/2008/7/20/el-momento-para-la-independenc-68839-1.html El momento para la independencia, La Opinion
- "Atlantic Avenue Park." Los Angeles County. Retrieved on March 15, 2010.
- "Belvedere Community Regional Park." Los Angeles County. Retrieved on March 15, 2010.
- "City Terrace County Park." Los Angeles County. Retrieved on March 15, 2010.
- "Eugene A. Obregon Park." Los Angeles County. Retrieved on March 15, 2010.
- "Ruben Salazar Park." Los Angeles County. Retrieved on March 15, 2010.
- "Saybrook County Park." Los Angeles County. Retrieved on March 15, 2010.
- "Eastside Eddie Heredia Boxing Club." Los Angeles County. Retrieved on March 15, 2010.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: East Los Angeles|
- Latino Walk of Fame
- Velas Farmers Markets
- Eastside Gold Line Extension
- Cityhood for East Los Angeles
- PBS history of East Los Angeles