East Malling Research Station

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East Malling Research
Abbreviation EMR
Formation 1913
Type Research institute
Legal status Private company (5019373) and registered charity (1102243)
Purpose Horticulture research in the UK
Headquarters East Malling Research Station
Coordinates Coordinates: 51°17′26″N 0°26′02″E / 51.2906°N 0.4339°E / 51.2906; 0.4339
Region served UK
Membership Horticultural scientists
Chief Executive Prof Peter Gregory
Parent organization East Malling Trust
Affiliations East Malling Research Association
Website EMR

East Malling Research is a now private company located in East Malling, Kent in England.


A research station was established on the East Malling site in 1913 on the impetus of local fruit growers. The original buildings are still in use today. Some of the finest and most important research on perennial crops has been conducted on the site, resulting in East Malling’s worldwide reputation. Some of the more well known developments have been achieved in the areas of plant raising, fruit plant culture (especially the development of rootstocks), fruit breeding, ornamental breeding, fruit storage and the biology and control of pests and diseases.[citation needed]

From 1990 a division of Horticulture Research International was on the site. HRI closed in 2009.

Apple rootstocks[edit]

Orchard at the site

Ronald Hatton initiated the work[when?] of classification, testing and standardisation of apple tree rootstocks. With the help of Dr Wellington, Hatton sorted out the incorrect naming and mixtures then widespread in apple rootstocks distributed throughout Europe. These verified and distinct apple rootstocks are called the "Malling series". The most widespread used was the M9 rootstock.


It is situated east of East Malling, and north of the Maidstone East Line. The western half of the site is in East Malling and Larkfield and the eastern half is in Ditton. It is just south of the A20, and between junctions 4 and 5 of the M20.


Today the Research Centre also acts as a business enterprise centre supported by leading local businesses including QTS Analytical and Network Computing Limited. The conference centre trades as East Malling Ltd, being incorporated on 17 February 2004.

View from the east


  • Tubbs, F. R. (December 7, 1951). "East Malling Research Station". Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series A, Mathematical and Physical Sciences (The Royal Society) 210 (1100): 1–18. JSTOR 98945. 

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