East Malling Research Station
|Legal status||Private company (5019373) and registered charity (1102243)|
|Purpose||Horticulture research in the UK|
|Headquarters||East Malling Research Station|
|Chief Executive||Prof Peter Gregory|
|Parent organization||East Malling Trust|
|Affiliations||East Malling Research Association|
A research station was established on the East Malling site in 1913 on the impetus of local fruit growers. The original buildings are still in use today. Some of the finest and most important research on perennial crops has been conducted on the site, resulting in East Malling’s worldwide reputation. Some of the more well known developments have been achieved in the areas of plant raising, fruit plant culture (especially the development of rootstocks), fruit breeding, ornamental breeding, fruit storage and the biology and control of pests and diseases.
From 1990 a division of Horticulture Research International was on the site. HRI closed in 2009.
Ronald Hatton initiated the work[when?] of classification, testing and standardisation of apple tree rootstocks. With the help of Dr Wellington, Hatton sorted out the incorrect naming and mixtures then widespread in apple rootstocks distributed throughout Europe. These verified and distinct apple rootstocks are called the "Malling series". The most widespread used was the M9 rootstock.
It is situated east of East Malling, and north of the Maidstone East Line. The western half of the site is in East Malling and Larkfield and the eastern half is in Ditton. It is just south of the A20, and between junctions 4 and 5 of the M20.
Today the Research Centre also acts as a business enterprise centre supported by leading local businesses including QTS Analytical and Network Computing Limited. The conference centre trades as East Malling Ltd, being incorporated on 17 February 2004.
- Tubbs, F. R. (December 7, 1951). "East Malling Research Station". Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series A, Mathematical and Physical Sciences (The Royal Society) 210 (1100): 1–18. JSTOR 98945.
- East Malling Research website
- Units and Institutes of the Agricultural Research Council
- East Malling Conference Centre
- Apples: British to the Core - BBC4 June 2011