East New York (LIRR station)

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East New York
Lirrenyplatjeh.jpg
Looking east
Station statistics
Address Atlantic Avenue & Havens Place
East New York, Brooklyn, New York
Coordinates 40°40′34″N 73°54′21″W / 40.676053°N 73.905925°W / 40.676053; -73.905925Coordinates: 40°40′34″N 73°54′21″W / 40.676053°N 73.905925°W / 40.676053; -73.905925
Line(s)
Connections New York City Subway:
NYCS L at Atlantic Avenue
NYCS A NYCS C NYCS J NYCS L NYCS Z at Broadway Junction (three blocks north)
Local Transit NYCT Bus: B12, B20, B25, B83, Q24, Q56
Platforms 2 side platforms
Tracks 2
Other information
Opened 1878
Electrified July 26, 1905
750V (DC) third rail
Owned by Long Island Rail Road
Fare zone 1
Formerly Manhattan Beach Railroad Crossing
Traffic
Passengers (2006) 1,127[1]
Services
Preceding station   MTA NYC logo.svg LIRR   Following station
Atlantic Branch
(City Terminal Zone)
(employees only)
toward Long Island
toward Long Island
Preceding station   MTA NYC logo.svg LIRR   Following station
Nostrand Avenue station Atlantic Branch
(current and former locations)
Warwick Street station
East New York Station in 1873
Eastbound entrance

East New York is a station on the Long Island Rail Road's Atlantic Branch in East New York, Brooklyn, where that branch passes through the historic Jamaica Pass. It is generally served by the Far Rockaway, Hempstead, and West Hempstead Branches of the LIRR.

Station layout[edit]

1 Atlantic Branch toward Atlantic Terminal (Nostrand Avenue)
2 Atlantic Branch toward Long Island (Jamaica)

This station is located at ground level, in the median of Atlantic Avenue, and underneath the elevated main lanes of Atlantic Avenue, with one eight-car side platform on either side of the two-track line. The north platform next to Track 1 is generally used by westbound or Atlantic Terminal-bound trains. The south platform next to Track 2 is generally used by eastbound or Long Island-bound trains. A closed ticket office is in the underpass connecting the two platforms. It has a staircase going up to the western triangular corner of East New York and Atlantic Avenues and another one going up to the northwest corner of Van Sinderen and Atlantic Avenues.

This part of the Atlantic Branch is fully grade-separated, and goes down into a tunnel on each side of the station, allowing the Atlantic Avenue main lanes to return to the surface. The only crossings of Atlantic Avenue here are the freight tunnel on the LIRR Bay Ridge Branch, a tunnel carrying East New York Avenue diagonally under the area, and elevated BMT Canarsie Line (L train) – and formerly the BMT Fulton Street Line – which passes over Atlantic Avenue. The Atlantic Avenue elevated New York City Subway station lies along this line, directly over this station.

History[edit]

When the Brooklyn and Jamaica Railroad opened in 1836, under lease to the LIRR, it did not include a station at East New York.[citation needed] The LIRR began stopping at East New York by early 1843,[2] eventually stopping at the Howard House at Alabama Avenue, shared with all the other horse car and steam lines into East New York.[3] From 1861 to 1877, East New York served as the west end of steam service along the Atlantic Branch.[4]

By 1878, local Atlantic Avenue rapid transit trains began stopping at a new station, Manhattan Beach Railroad Crossing, at the New York and Manhattan Beach Railway crossing at Van Sinderen Avenue. This later became the main East New York station, with only these local trains stopping at Howard House.[5] The Atlantic Avenue Improvement, completed in 1905, resulted in the closing of the Howard House station, and the expanded Manhattan Crossing station was renamed East New York. The elevated Warwick Street station, 18 blocks east, was also labeled as serving East New York;[6] it closed in 1939, when the elevated railway east of East New York was buried in the current tunnel.[7]

East New York was also a station on the New York and Manhattan Beach Railway, now the Bay Ridge Branch, from its opening in July 1877 until May 1924, when passenger service on the branch ended. It was initially at grade level where the lines crossed, but was placed in a tunnel in 1915; the platforms, under East New York Avenue, still exist. Until the 1930s, a grade-level freight connection existed in the southeast quadrant between the two lines.[8]

In 1928, the station was the location of a firework accident that resulted in Palsgraf v. Long Island Railroad Co., an oft-cited court case on the doctrine of proximate cause.

References[edit]

External links[edit]