East North Central States

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East North Central Region
US map-E North Central.PNG
Regional statistics
Composition  Illinois
 Indiana
 Michigan
 Ohio
 Wisconsin
Area
 - Total

299,170 sq mi (774,847 km²)
Population
- Total

- Density

46,421,564 (2010 est.)

155/sq mi (60/km²)
Largest city Chicago (pop. 2,853,114)
Metropolitan Areas
(within top 25)
Chicago, IL
Detroit, MI

The East North Central States form one of the nine geographic divisions within the United States which are officially recognized by the United States Census Bureau.

The division contains five states: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin. It is one of two divisions used to categorize the region of the U.S. generally called the "Midwest" or "Great Lakes region"; the other such division is the West North Central States (The Great Plains States). The region closely matches the area of the Northwest Territory, excepting a portion of Minnesota.

The East North Central division is a large part of the Great Lakes region, although the latter also includes Minnesota, New York, Pennsylvania, and the Canadian province of Ontario. The region is part of the Great Lakes Megalopolis with an estimated 54 million people.

The Great Lakes provide access to the Atlantic Ocean via the Great Lakes Waterway and St. Lawrence Seaway, or by the New York State Barge Canal and the Hudson River or via the Gulf of Mexico from the Mississippi River and the Illinois Waterway. Chicago and Detroit, two of the divisions largest cities, are among the major ports of the United States.

States in the East North Central Region
State 2010 est. Land area (mi.²) Density
Illinois 12,830,632 (1st) 55,583 (2nd) 231.1 (2nd)
Indiana 6,483,802 (4th) 35,866 (5th) 181.0 (3rd)
Michigan 9,883,640 (3rd) 56,803 (1st) 174.8 (4th)
Ohio 11,536,504 (2nd) 40,948 (4th) 282.3 (1st)
Wisconsin 5,686,986 (5th) 54,310 (3rd) 105.0 (5th)
Largest Cities in the East North Central Region
City 2010 Pop.
1 Chicago, Illinois 2,695,598
2 Indianapolis, Indiana 820,445
3 Columbus, Ohio 787,033
4 Detroit, Michigan 713,777
5 Milwaukee, Wisconsin 594,833
6 Cleveland, Ohio 396,815
7 Cincinnati, Ohio 296,943
8 Toledo, Ohio 287,208
9 Fort Wayne, Indiana 253,691
10 Madison, Wisconsin 233,209
11 Akron, Ohio 199,110
12 Aurora, Illinois 197,899
13 Grand Rapids, Michigan 188,040
14 Rockford, Illinois 152,871
15 Joliet, Illinois 147,433
16 Naperville, Illinois 141,853
17 Dayton, Ohio 141,527
18 Warren, Michigan 134,056
19 Sterling Heights, Michigan 129,699
20 Evansville, Indiana 117,429
21 Springfield, Illinois 116,250
22 Peoria, Illinois 115,007
23 Ann Arbor, Michigan 113,934
24 Lansing, Michigan 109,563
25 Elgin, Illinois 108,188
26 Green Bay, Wisconsin 104,057
27 Flint, Michigan 102,434
28 South Bend, Indiana 101,168
29 Kenosha, Wisconsin 99,218
30 Dearborn, Michigan 98,153
Largest Metropolitan Areas (2009)
1 Chicago, IL-IN-WI 9,461,105
2 Detroit, MI 4,296,250
3 Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN 2,130,151
4 Cleveland, OH 2,077,240
5 Columbus, OH 1,836,536
6 Indianapolis, IN 1,756,241
7 Milwaukee, WI 1,555,908
8 Dayton, OH 841,502
9 Grand Rapids, MI 774,160
10 Akron, OH 703,200

Languages[edit]

English is, by far, the most common language spoken at home. Approximately 89.3% of all residents (38.3 million people) over the age of five spoke only English at home. Roughly 2,516,000 people (5.9% of the population) spoke Spanish at home, and roughly 2,016,000 people (5.8% of the population) spoke another languages at home. Slight around 270,000 (0.6%) spoke German at home, although this figure ranges from 2% to 37% in Northeast Ohio, which is also home to a large Amish community.[1][2]

References[edit]