East North Central States

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East North Central Region
US map-E North Central.PNG
Regional statistics
Composition  Illinois
 Indiana
 Michigan
 Ohio
 Wisconsin
Area
 - Total

299,170 sq mi (774,847 km²)
Population
- Total

- Density

46,421,564 (2010 est.)

155/sq mi (60/km²)
Largest city Chicago (pop. 2,853,114)
Metropolitan Areas
(within top 25)
Chicago, IL
Detroit, MI

The East North Central States form one of the nine geographic divisions within the United States which are officially recognized by the United States Census Bureau.

The division contains five states: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin. It is one of two divisions used to categorize the region of the U.S. generally called the "Midwest" or "Great Lakes region"; the other such division is the West North Central States (The Great Plains States). The region closely matches the area of the Northwest Territory, excepting a portion of Minnesota.

The East North Central division is a large part of the Great Lakes region, although the latter also includes Minnesota, New York, Pennsylvania, and the Canadian province of Ontario. The region is part of the Great Lakes Megalopolis with an estimated 54 million people.

The Great Lakes provide access to the Atlantic Ocean via the Great Lakes Waterway and St. Lawrence Seaway, or by the New York State Barge Canal and the Hudson River or via the Gulf of Mexico from the Mississippi River and the Illinois Waterway. Chicago and Detroit, two of the divisions largest cities, are among the major ports of the United States.

States in the East North Central Region
State 2010 pop. Land area
Illinois 12,882,135 57,915
Indiana 6,570,902 36,418
Michigan 9,895,622 96,716
Ohio 11,570,808 44,825
Wisconsin 5,726,398 65,497
Top Ten Largest Cities by Population in the East North Central Region
City 2010 Pop.
1 Chicago, Illinois 2,718,782
2 Indianapolis, Indiana 843,393
3 Columbus, Ohio 822,553
4 Detroit, Michigan 688,701
5 Milwaukee, Wisconsin 599,164
6 Cleveland, Ohio 390,113
7 Cincinnati, Ohio 297,517
8 Toledo, Ohio 282,313
9 Fort Wayne, Indiana 256,496
10 Madison, Wisconsin 243,344
Top Ten Largest Metropolitan by Population in the East North Central States Region
Metro Area (MSA) 2010 Pop.
1 Chicago, IL-IN-WI 9,537,289
2 Detroit, MI 4,294,983
3 Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN 2,137,406
4 Cleveland, OH 2,064,725
5 Columbus, OH 1,967,066
6 Indianapolis, IN 1,953,961
7 Milwaukee, WI 1,569,659
8 Grand Rapids, MI 1,016,603
9 Dayton, OH 802,489
10 Akron, OH 705,686

Languages[edit]

English is, by far, the most common language spoken at home. Approximately 89.3% of all residents (38.3 million people) over the age of five spoke only English at home. Roughly 2,516,000 people (5.9% of the population) spoke Spanish at home, and roughly 2,016,000 people (5.8% of the population) spoke another languages at home. Slight around 270,000 (0.6%) spoke German at home, although this figure ranges from 2% to 37% in Northeast Ohio, which is also home to a large Amish community.[1][2]

Politics of the East North Central States[edit]

Parties
Democratic-Republican Democratic Whig Republican Progressive
  • Bold denotes election winner.
Presidential electoral votes in the East North Central States since 1804
Year Illinois Indiana Michigan Ohio Wisconsin
1804 No election No election No election Jefferson No election
1808 No election No election No election Madison No election
1812 No election No election No election Madison No election
1816 No election Monroe No election Monroe No election
1820 Monroe Monroe No election Monroe No election
1824 Jackson Jackson No election Clay No election
1828 Jackson Jackson No election Jackson No election
1832 Jackson Jackson No election Jackson No election
1836 Van Buren Harrison Van Buren Harrison No election
1840 Van Buren Harrison Harrison Harrison No election
1844 Polk Polk Polk Clay No election
1848 Cass Cass Cass Cass Cass
1852 Pierce Pierce Pierce Pierce Pierce
1856 Buchanan Buchanan Frémont Frémont Frémont
1860 Lincoln Lincoln Lincoln Lincoln Lincoln
1864 Lincoln Lincoln Lincoln Lincoln Lincoln
1868 Grant Grant Grant Grant Grant
1872 Grant Grant Grant Grant Grant
1876 Hayes Tilden Hayes Hayes Hayes
1880 Garfield Garfield Garfield Garfield Garfield
1884 Blaine Cleveland Blaine Blaine Blaine
1888 Harrison Harrison Harrison Harrison Harrison
1892 Cleveland Cleveland Harrison Harrison Cleveland
1896 McKinley McKinley McKinley McKinley McKinley
1900 McKinley McKinley McKinley McKinley McKinley
1904 Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt
1908 Taft Taft Taft Taft Taft
1912 Wilson Wilson Roosevelt Wilson Wilson
1916 Hughes Hughes Hughes Wilson Hughes
1920 Harding Harding Harding Harding Harding
1924 Coolidge Coolidge Coolidge Coolidge La Follette
1928 Hoover Hoover Hoover Hoover Hoover
1932 Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt
1936 Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt
1940 Roosevelt Willkie Willkie Roosevelt Roosevelt
1944 Roosevelt Dewey Roosevelt Dewey Dewey
1948 Truman Dewey Dewey Truman Truman
1952 Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower
1956 Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower
1960 Kennedy Nixon Kennedy Nixon Nixon
1964 Johnson Johnson Johnson Johnson Johnson
1968 Nixon Nixon Humphrey Nixon Nixon
1972 Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon
1976 Ford Ford Ford Carter Carter
1980 Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan
1984 Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan
1988 Bush Bush Bush Bush Dukakis
1992 Clinton Bush Clinton Clinton Clinton
1996 Clinton Dole Clinton Clinton Clinton
2000 Gore Bush Gore Bush Gore
2004 Kerry Bush Kerry Bush Kerry
2008 Obama Obama Obama Obama Obama
2012 Obama Romney Obama Obama Obama

References[edit]