East Portland, Oregon

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The Barber Block was built in 1889–90 in East Portland.

East Portland was a city in the U.S. state of Oregon that was consolidated into Portland in 1891. It was founded on a 640-acre (260 ha) land claim by James B. Stephens in 1846, who bought a land claim from John McLoughlin of the Hudson's Bay Company. The City of East Portland, Oregon, was incorporated in 1871.[1]

Stephens platted the land from the Willamette River to East First Street, and from today's Glisan Street to present Hawthorne Boulevard.[2] Much of the land east of the river was marshy and crossed by creeks and sloughs, so it was less desirable than Portland river front property on the west side of the Willamette River. Development was difficult and expensive since many streets had to be built on trestles.[1]

A few years after Stephens acquired his land, Gideon Tibbetts filed a Donation Land Claim for 640 acres (260 ha) south of what is now Division Street in southeast Portland. Tibbetts founded the first flour mill on the east side of the Willamette River, planted extensive orchards, and raised hay on part of his claim. He platted some of this land in the Brooklyn neighborhood, and platted an addition to East Portland. Tibbetts sold some parcels and his flour mill to Stephens later. The value of East Portland waterfront property skyrocketed in 1869, when the East-Side Oregon Central Railroad connecting East Portland and Salem was completed.[1] Railroad magnate Ben Holladay established ferry service across the Willamette to Portland from the northern terminus of the railroad about that time; the boat was superseded in 1880 by the Oregon & California Railroad Ferry No. 2, put into service by Henry Villard, and later relocated to San Francisco Bay after the construction of the Steel and Morrison bridges.[3]

On July 6, 1891, the cities of East Portland, Albina and Portland merged as the city of Portland, Oregon.[4] At the time, the population of East Portland was estimated to be 11,457.[5] In about the same year, Ladd's Addition, which lay between the Stephens and Tibbetts land claims, was converted from farm land to a residential neighborhood.

The term East Portland now refers to the portion of the city east of 82nd Avenue, where approximately 28% of Portland's population resides.

See also[edit]

Climate[edit]

This region experiences warm (but not hot) and dry summers, with no average monthly temperatures above 71.6 °F. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, East Portland has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate, abbreviated "Csb" on climate maps.3. [6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c East Portland, 1874 - Oregon History Project
  2. ^ Corning, Howard M. (1989) Dictionary of Oregon History. Binfords & Mort Publishing.
  3. ^ Lawrence Barber (August 22, 1954). "Last stop for Ferry No. 2". The Oregonian. 
  4. ^ "Three Cities in One: Portland, Oregon, takes a long stride to the front" (PDF). The New York Times. June 14, 1891. Retrieved 2008-07-28. 
  5. ^ Carey, Charles Henry (1922). History of Oregon. The Pioneer Historical Publishing Company. p. 779. 
  6. ^ Climate Summary for East Portland, Oregon

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 45°30′56″N 122°39′33″W / 45.51556°N 122.65917°W / 45.51556; -122.65917