East Singhbhum district

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East Singhbhum district
पूर्वी सिंहभूम जिला
District of Jharkhand
Location of East Singhbhum district in Jharkhand
Location of East Singhbhum district in Jharkhand
Country India
State Jharkhand
Administrative division Kolhan division
Headquarters Jamshedpur
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituencies Jamshedpur
 • Assembly seats 6
Area
 • Total 3,533 km2 (1,364 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 2,291,032
 • Density 650/km2 (1,700/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy 76.13 per cent
 • Sex ratio 949
Website Official website

East Singhbhum (Hindi: पूर्वी सिंहभूम) is one of the twenty-four districts of Jharkhand state, India. It was created on 16 January 1990. The literal meaning of Singhbhum is land of lions. More than 50% of the district is covered by dense forests and mountains, where wild animals once roamed freely. The district is currently a part of the Red Corridor.[1]

Geography[edit]

The district is bounded on the east by Midnapore district, on the north by Purulia district, both of West Bengal, on the west by West Singhbhum district of Jharkhand state, and on the south by Mayurbhanj district of Odisha.

Economy[edit]

East Singhbhum district has a leading position in respect of mining and other industrial activities in Jharkhand state. Jamshedpur, a leading industrial city of India, is the district headquarters. Ghatsila is home to the five decade old Copper Refinery of Hindustan Copper Limited. The Singhbhum Shear Zone, a geological feature lying between river Subarnarekha on North-East and Dhanjauri ranges on South-West houses the mines of Copper and Uranium. Most notable Copper mines are Banalopa, Badia, Pathargora, Dhobni, Kendadih, Rakha and Surda. Out of these only Surda is operational. Important Uranium mines are jadugora, Narwapahar, Bhatin, Turamdih and Baghjanta. Chakulia an important town in the Southeastern part of the district is famous for its Rice Mills, Oil Mills, Washing Soap Factories and Bamboo production. Baharagora is another important town situated on National Highway No. 6.

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named East Singhbhum one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[2] It is one of the 21 districts in Jharkhand currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[2]

Divisions[edit]

The district comprises two sub-divisions: Dhalbhum and Ghatshila. Dhalbhum sub-division is divided into 4 blocks: Golmuri cum Jugsalai, Potka, Patamda and Boram. Ghatshila sub-division is divided into 7 blocks: Ghatshila, Musabani, Dumaria, Gudabandha, Dhalbhumgarh, Baharagora and Chakulia.

There are six Vidhan Sabha constituencies in this district: Baharagora, Ghatsila, Potka, Jugsalai, Jamshedpur East and Jamshedpur West. All of these are part of Jamshedpur Lok Sabha constituency.

Culture[edit]

Along with Santhali,Hindi, Bengali and Oriya are the major languages spoken here. Sourav Roy,[3] a popular Hindi poet belongs to this place. The most prominent festivals of the place are Durga Puja, Basant Panchami, Makar Sankranti, Sohrai and Diwali.

One tourist attraction is Chitreshwar temple situated in Chitreshwar village in Baharagora Block 12 km from Baharagora. The temple is said to be one of the largest natural Shiva linga. Lots of devotees of Shiva come daily. Chitreshwar temple is believed to be have the largest Shiva linga after ligaraja shiva linga in Bhubneshwar. It has another temple called Bhuteshwar which is in Baharagora Block. Ghatsila a famous tourist spot is also located in the district which was once inhabited by renowned Bengali poet Bibhuti Bhushan Bandyopadhyay. Rankini Temple located near the mining town of Jadugora is also worth mentioning. Goddess Rankini is held in high esteem and worshiped by the tribal and non tribal people inhabiting the district.

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census East Singhbhum district has a population of 2,291,032,[4] roughly equal to the nation of Latvia[5] or the US state of New Mexico.[6] This gives it a ranking of 199th in India (out of a total of 640).[4] The district has a population density of 648 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,680 /sq mi) .[4] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 15.53%.[4] Purbi Singhbhum has a sex ratio of 949 females for every 1000 males,[4] and a literacy rate of 76.13%.[4]

Climate data for Jamshedpur, India
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 76
(24)
81
(27)
91
(32)
98
(36)
98
(38)
93
(33)
88
(31)
88
(31)
87
(30)
86
(30)
82
(27)
76
(24)
87
(30)
Average low °F (°C) 57
(14)
62
(16)
70
(21)
78
(25)
81
(27)
81
(27)
80
(26)
79
(26)
78
(25)
73
(22)
65
(18)
57
(13)
72
(22)
Precipitation inches (cm) 0.43
(1.08)
0.52
(1.33)
0.76
(1.94)
0.70
(1.77)
2.16
(5.49)
6.8
(17.28)
9.09
(23.09)
9.95
(25.27)
6.53
(16.58)
2.15
(5.45)
0.34
(0.87)
0.23
(0.59)
39.66
(100.74)
Source: Weatherbase[7] and MSN Weather[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "83 districts under the Security Related Expenditure Scheme". IntelliBriefs. 2009-12-11. Retrieved 2011-09-17. 
  2. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme". National Institute of Rural Development. Retrieved September 27, 2011. 
  3. ^ Author's Website
  4. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  5. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. "Latvia 2,204,708 July 2011 est." 
  6. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. "New Mexico - 2,059,179" 
  7. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Jamshedpur, India". Weatherbase. Retrieved 1 April 2010. 
  8. ^ "Monthly Averages for Jamshedpur, IND". MSN Weather. Retrieved 1 April 2010. 

External links[edit]