East Somerset Railway

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East Somerset Railway
2011 at Cranmore station - gents toilet.JPG
Cranmore railway station is the line's headquarters
Locale Somerset
Commercial operations
Original gauge 7 ft 14 in (2,140 mm) Brunel gauge
Preserved operations
Length 2 12 mi (4.0 km)
Preserved gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Preservation history
1972 Restoration (of the ESR) begins
1974 ESR Granted Light Railway Order
1975 ESR re-opened
1981 ESR extended to Merryfield halt
1985 ESR extended into Mendip Vale
Headquarters Cranmore
East Somerset Railway
Cheddar Valley line
to Yatton
Wells (Tucker Street)
Somerset & Dorset Jt Ry
to Glastonbury
Wells (Priory Road)
Wells East Somerset
Shepton Mallet (High Street)
Somerset & Dorset Jt Ry
BournemouthBath
Mendip Vale
Maesdown Bridge
Old Tramway Bridge
Merryfield Lane Halt
Cranmore West
Engine sheds and sidings
Cranmore(
ESR principal
station
)
Merehead Quarry
Wanstrow
Heart of Wessex Line
to Bristol Temple Meads
FromeNational Rail
Witham
Heart of Wessex Line
to Weymouth
East Somerset Railway is located in Somerset
East Somerset Railway
East Somerset Railway shown within Somerset
(grid reference ST665435)

The East Somerset Railway is a 2 12-mile (4 km) heritage railway in Somerset, running between Cranmore and Mendip Vale. Prior to the Beeching Axe, the railway ran from Witham to Wells, meeting both the Cheddar Valley line and Somerset and Dorset Joint Railway at the latter station.

History[edit]

The line was incorporated on 5 June 1856[1] and was built as a broad gauge line. The line was originally between Witham railway station and Shepton Mallet and this line opened on 9 November 1858. It was later extended to Wells; this part of the line was opened on 1 March 1862. The East Somerset Railway was bought by the Great Western Railway on 2 December 1874, shortly after it was converted to standard gauge.

In 1878, the GWR joined the East Somerset line with the Cheddar Valley line to Wells, which had been built by the Bristol and Exeter Railway, by obtaining running rights over a section of the Somerset and Dorset Joint Railway and running its trains through the S&DJR Wells station at Priory Road, though GWR trains did not stop at Priory Road until 1934. At this stage, the main traffic became the through trains from Yatton to Witham and the East Somerset Railway station in Wells closed, with Wells (Tucker Street) becoming the station for the city on the line. The Yatton to Witham service remained in use with the GWR and later BR until passenger service finally ceased in 1963 as a result of the Beeching Axe, however trains carrying bitumen continued until 1985.

Preservation[edit]

In 1971/72, the artist David Shepherd came across, viewed and later purchased Cranmore station and a section of the track to house and run his two locomotives; the BR 2-10-0 Class 9F No. 92203 "Black Prince" and BR Standard 4 4-6-0 No. 75029 'The Green Knight'.[2] In 1973, the line opened offering Brake Van rides before extending first to Merryfield in 1980 and then to Mendip Vale and into Cranmore station itself in 1985.

Today the railway plays host to a variety of preserved diesel and steam locomotives.

The East Somerset Railway only operates the line between Cranmore, Cranmore West, Merryfield Lane Halt and Mendip Vale. Between the last two sections, the train runs through the Doulting Railway Cutting Site of Special Scientific Interest.[3] The section between Cranmore and the mainline is used for heavy quarry traffic to the nearby Merehead Quarry.

In 1991, a new station building was constructed at Cranmore which now includes a cafe, booking office, gift shop and toilets. The platform then extends to the old station which is now a museum. On the platform is an old red telephone box which incorporates a stamp machine and post box. It was made around 1927 and is one of only 50 made to that design.[4] Opposite the platform is a signal box dating from 1904 and is the standard GWR pattern of the period. Close to Cranmore station are the engine sheds and workshop (known together as Cranmore Shed) which were built in 1973, (during the preserved line's restoration at the time).

An order by the Secretary of State for Transport in 2005 allowed a further 600 metres of track to be used.[5]

On 25 March 2007, the East Somerset Railway announced that it had received a £7,500 grant from Shepton 21 Group, a local organisation, set up to regenerate the area around Shepton Mallet. The money was to be spent on conducting a feasibility study into extending the line towards Shepton Mallet, with a possible new terminus at Cannards Grave, on the outskirts of Shepton Mallet.[6]

The route of the ESR[edit]

  • Cranmore — The Headquarters of the ESR
  • Cranmore West
  • Merryfield Lane (halt)
  • Mendip Vale — Current Terminus of the ESR

Events[edit]

The railway hosts several events throughout the year

  • "Spring into steam"
  • "Mendip steam dream"
  • Santa Special trains
  • "The way we were" days
  • "Vintage vehicle steam gala"

Locomotives[edit]

Operational steam locomotives[edit]

Number & Name Description History and Current Status Livery Photograph
No. 5637 GWR 5600 Class 0-6-2T No. 5637 was built in 1925. It entered traffic at Cardiff Cathays shed in late September 1925, but was transferred six weeks later to Barry shed and was used on local services in the Newport and Cardiff districts.

No. 5637 spent all its life in South Wales, and was withdrawn from traffic in June 1964 and was sold the Woodham Brothers arriving at Barry scrapyard in September 1964.

In August 1974, No. 5637 became the 61st locomotive to escape from Barry, when it was sold to the Birmingham Railway Museum at Tyseley. In 1981 it was resold, without any restoration having been carried out, to Thamesdown Borough Council for leasing to the Swindon and Cricklade Railway. Some time after, it was purchased by a group of volunteers at the Swindon & Cricklade Railway.

In 1998, after almost 18 years of restoration, No. 5637 was steamed for the first time since 1964. The locomotive was subsequently transferred by road to the East Somerset Railway for running in, and stayed there ever since. It has become the primary engine at the ESR, running most of the services. Boiler ticket expires in 2020.

BR Brunswick Green 5637 east somerset railway 050507 d.adkins.jpg
No. 1719 Lady Nan Andrew Barclay 0-4-0ST No. 1719 "Lady Nan" was built in 1920. It was delivered to J. and R. Howie Ltd., Hurlford Fireclay Works, near Kilmarnock on 23 December 1920 and was known as 'Hurlford Fireclay Works No. 2'. The locomotive worked there until it was sold in April 1959 to Glenfield & Kennedy ltd. of Kilmarnock. There it was repaired using parts from a 1903 Barclay locomotive and named 'Glenfield No. 2'.

By early 1966 rail traffic at Glenfield had diminished and the locomotive was offered for sale, but was not sold until March 1972 when a local scrap merchant effected the purchase. Later that month, the locomotive was resold to Mr. R.P.Weisham just before scrapping was to commence. The locomotive was moved for storage purposes to the National Coal Board at Backworth, Northumberland on 14 April 1972. On 6 May 1973, the loco was moved to Radstock for a further period of storage, until 5 November 1975 when the loco was moved to Cranmore.

'Glenfield No.2' entered Cranmore Works during 1978 and was the subject of a complete general overhaul. Being completed and fitted with vacuum brake gear, 'Glenfield' emerged in 1985 in blue livery and was renamed 'Lady Nan'.

For several years, 'Lady Nan' was loaned to the National Railway Museum, but it returned to Cranmore during 2000. Boiler ticket expires in 2017.

Caledonian Railway Blue Ln96.jpg
No. 47 Moorbarrow RSH 0-6-0ST Built in 1955. A privately owned engine, she arrived at the ESR in 2010 from the Lincolnshire Wolds Railway. Boiler ticket expires in 2020. Blue Cranmore - Moorbarrow taking water.JPG

Steam locomotives under overhaul[edit]

Number & Name Description History and Current Status Livery Photograph
No. 31 RSH 0-6-0T No. 31 was built in 1950. It worked for the National Coal Board at Whittle Colliery throughout its working life before being withdrawn. It was originally sold to the North Yorkshire Moors Railway before being sold to the Avon Valley Railway. It is now at Cranmore and has been stripped down for overhaul. It requires a new firebox. n/a
No. 46447 LMS Ivatt Class 2 2-6-0 No. 46447 was built in 1950. It was first allocated the Crewe North, not far from its birthplace of Crewe Works, though moved to Workington within months to replace many elderly LNWR locomotives in the local area. It was moved to various sheds in North Wales and Derbyshire, right up until 1966, subsequently sold for scrap to Dai Woodham. It was rescued in 1972 as the 20th locomotive to leave Barry Scrapyard and moved to the Buckinghamshire Railway Centre. No. 46447 later moved to the Isle of Wight Steam Railway in 2008. In 2012, an agreement was made between the ESR and the IoW which saw No. 46447 move to Cranmore in exchange for LB&SCR E1 No. 32110 Burgundy. It arrived at Cranmore in November 2012 and work on restoring the loco is already underway. Once complete, it shall run on the ESR for 10 years. BR Black

Features[edit]

Point Coordinates
(links to map & photo sources)
Notes
Cranmore railway station 51°11′06″N 2°28′41″W / 51.185°N 2.478°W / 51.185; -2.478 (Cranmore railway station) Eastern start of railway line
Cranmore West railway station 51°11′02″N 2°28′59″W / 51.184°N 2.483°W / 51.184; -2.483 (Cranmore West railway station)
Merryfield Lane railway station 51°10′52″N 2°29′53″W / 51.181°N 2.498°W / 51.181; -2.498 (Merryfield Lane railway station)
Mendip Vale railway station 51°10′48″N 2°31′12″W / 51.180°N 2.520°W / 51.180; -2.520 (Mendip Vale railway station) Western terminus
Western end of line 51°10′48″N 2°31′08″W / 51.180°N 2.519°W / 51.180; -2.519 (Western end of line)


References[edit]

  1. ^ "Railway Magazine", July 1958
  2. ^ "History". East Somerset Railway. East Somerset Railway. Retrieved 8 July 2008. 
  3. ^ "Doulting Railway Cutting" (PDF). SSSI citation sheet. English Nature. Retrieved 8 July 2008. 
  4. ^ "Cranmore Station". East Somerset Railway. Retrieved 8 July 2008. 
  5. ^ "The East Somerset Railway Order". Department of Transport. Retrieved 30 September 2010. 
  6. ^ "Press Release". East Somerset Railway. Retrieved 8 July 2008. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Phillips, Derek (2001). Steaming through the Cheddar Valley. Oxford Publishing Co. ISBN 0-86093-551-5. 

External links[edit]