East Syracuse, New York
|East Syracuse, New York|
|• Total||1.6 sq mi (4.1 km2)|
|• Land||1.6 sq mi (4.1 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)|
|Elevation||433 ft (132 m)|
|• Density||1,900/sq mi (750/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0949253|
East Syracuse is an incorporated village and a suburb of the City of Syracuse in eastern Onondaga County, New York. United States. As of the 2010 U.S. census, the village had a population of 3,084. It is located immediately east of Syracuse, in the town of Dewitt.
East Syracuse is located at  The village center is at Manlius and North Center streets.(43.064516, -76.070143).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 1.6 square miles (4.1 km2), all of it land.
As of the census of 2000, there were 3,178 people, 1,393 households, and 742 families residing in the village. The population density was 2,015.0 people per square mile (776.6/km²). There were 1,503 housing units at an average density of 953.0 per square mile (367.3/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 95.06% White, 1.45% African American, 1.01% Native American, 0.25% Asian, 0.09% from other races, and 2.14% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.16% of the population.
There were 1,393 households out of which 30.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 30.1% were married couples living together, 15.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 46.7% were non-families. 40.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 3.09.
In the village the population was spread out with 27.0% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 30.4% from 25 to 44, 19.1% from 45 to 64, and 15.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 90.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.0 males.
The median income for a household in the village was $28,703, and the median income for a family was $34,293. Males had a median income of $34,405 versus $24,875 for females. The per capita income for the village was $17,066. About 14.3% of families and 14.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.9% of those under age 18 and 11.4% of those age 65 or over.
The village was incorporated in 1881 and population peaked in the early 1960s, with a 1960 census reported population of 4,708.
The original inhabitants of the area were Onondaga clans, whose village was atop a hill on the eastern border of Onondaga territory along what is now Kinne St. An established trail ran down part of what is now James Street to Ley Creek where the Onondagas could travel by canoe to their capital along the northeast shore of Onondaga Lake. Portions of this Onondaga village dating from the early eighteenth century were uncovered in the 1930s when East Syracuse High School was being built on Kinne St near James St.
The current settlement, originally named "Messina," grew up along the northern edge of the Erie Canal across from Headson's Landing, a busy canal port with the only bridge to cross the canal east of downtown Syracuse for ten miles. In the middle of the nineteenth century the Messina Plank Road (now New York State Route 290) was built from Messina east to Manlius Center and the canal port there. Large venetian blind and buggy whip factories operated in Messina in the late nineteenth century.
In the 1870s, the main line of the New York Central Railroad was built through the northern part of Messina. The DeWitt Railyards complex, one of the busiest in the world in its day, stretched from Messina five miles east to Minoa. East and westbound trains were assembled in the yards at the "Hump", where trains were pushed up tracks on one side of an artificial hill and routed to their train by track switches as the rolled freely down the far side. During most of the nineteenth century the larger part of the hamlet was south of the railroad yards, but as the population grew with rail workers, housing expanded to the north.
During the boom following construction of the railroad, the name "East Syracuse" began to replace Messina. That name was chosen for the new village when it was incorporated in 1881. At that time the village thrived due to its access to transportation. The railroad was the new powerhouse, but the canal remained viable, with Headson's Landing still a busy port. The northeastern corner of the Headson's Landing Bridge was the original southwestern corner of the village.
In the 20th century, Erie Boulevard was built over the canal from west of Syracuse to about a mile past Headson's landing. In the 1960s, Interstate 690 was built through the southern part of the village between the railroad and Erie Blvd. Now only a small portion of the original settlement south of the railroad remains, including about 100 of the village's 1400 dwelling units.
With the canal gone and the railroad seeing only a portion of its former business, and as the interstate system and other high speed roads have turned the all day trip of the nineteenth century into a few hours's drive, East Syracuse has become fully a suburb of Syracuse.
East Syracuse is home to Bristol Labs, a division of Bristol-Myers Squibb. Formerly the world's largest source of penicillin, production was ended there in 2005 due to the less expensive production of this antibiotic overseas. Bristol Labs now makes several newer drugs, along with housing a state-of-the-art ramp-up facility designed to quickly adapt to make moderate quantities of new drugs for clinical trials.
East Syracuse played another role in making the world a little bit smaller in 1996, when village trustee Jason M Rhoades, a twenty-year-old college student and management intern at NYNEX (now Verizon), made history by being the first legislator in the world to participate in a legislative meeting by telecom from a business trip in Massachusetts. Rhoades was also the village's youngest Trustee when elected in 1995 at the age of nineteen, and one of the youngest people ever elected to any municipal office in New York State. In 2001, he became the village's youngest mayor at the age of twenty-five.
A recent list of the mayors of East Syracuse (with party affiliation) includes:
- Michael "Mickey" Wrenn (Progressive) 1961-65;
- Carl Sterling (Peoples) 1965-70;
- Ronald A Russell Jr (Peoples) 1970-73, 1975-1979, 1981-1985, 1997-2001;
- Fred Ray (Citizens) 1973-75;
- Richard Benack (Citizens) 1979-81;
- Richard Rhoades (Citizens) 1985-87;
- Peter Higgins (Peoples) 1987-95;
- Donald E Reichert (Citizens) 1995-97;
- Jason M Rhoades (Citizens) 2001-03;
- Lorene McCoy Dadey (Peoples) 2003-05;
- Tony Albanese (Citizens) 2005-07;
- Danny J Liedka (Peoples) 2007-2013;
- Robert Tackman (Peoples) 2013-.
The annual village operating budget for the fiscal year that began on June 1, 2013 is $5,231,210, including the separate sewer and water budgets, of which $2,201,934 or 42% comes from local property taxes. As of[when?] Village officials include:
- Robert T. Tackman, Mayor;
- Barbara Falcone-Quonce, Deputy Mayor;
- James E Carr Jr, Village Trustee;
- Jodi Gehrke-Turner, Village Trustee;
- Chad Tolhurst, Village Trustee;
- Robert Germain, Village Attorney;
- Donald Benack Jr, Village Justice;
The East Syracuse-Minoa Central School District is a public school system headquartered in the Town of Manlius, serving the entirety of East Syracuse and its surrounding area (Minoa, Kirkville, and the easternmost portion of Eastwood). Students may also choose to attend Christian Brothers Academy, Manlius Pebble Hill, Bishop Grimes Junior/Senior High School or many other private schools in Metro Syracuse.
- East Syracuse Elementary School
- Fremont Elementary School
- Minoa Elementary School
- Woodland Elementary School
The village of East Syracuse and the northern part of the town of DeWitt is protected by firefighters from the East Syracuse Fire Department. The department, operating out of two fire stations is 100% volunteer. Currently being led into action by Chief Robert Russell, the department averages 1,000 emergency calls a year. More information can be found at 
The East Syracuse Department of Public Works uses several late-model International dump trucks for plowing and other assorted tasks.
Manlius Street, typically referred to as Main Street, is home to a wide variety of locally owned shops, eating establishments, bars, manufacturers and other service providers.
Dairylea Cooperative Inc. is based in East Syracuse.
- Tom Kenny, voice actor and voice of SpongeBob SquarePants and other characters in the TV Show of the same name.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Zoning Map." (Archive) Town of DeWitt. Retrieved on September 23, 2012.
- "Town of Manlius GIS." Town of Manlius. Retrieved on September 23, 2012.
- "Home." East Syracuse-Minoa Central School District. Retrieved on September 23, 2012. "407 Fremont Road . East Syracuse, NY 13057"