East Timorese parliamentary election, 2012

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East Timorese parliamentary election, 2012
East Timor
2007 ←
7 July 2012
→ 2018

All 65 seats to the National Parliament of East Timor
33 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party
  Xanana 2011.jpg Mari Bin Amude Alkatiri 2001.jpg
Leader Xanana Gusmão Mari Alkatiri
Party CNRT FRETILIN
Last election 24.10%, 18 seats 29.02%, 21 seats
Seats won 30 25
Seat change Increase 12 Increase 4
Popular vote 172,831 140,786
Percentage 36.66% 29.87%
Swing Increase 12.56% Increase 0.85%

  Third party Fourth party
  Fernando de Araújo.jpg Jose Luis Guterres, Deputy Prime Minister of Timor Leste, addressing participants, at the Horasis Global China Business Meeting 2009 - Flickr - Horasis.jpg
Leader Fernando de Araújo José Luís Guterres
Party Democratic Party Frenti-Mudança
Last election 11.30%, 8 seats New party
Seats won 8 2
Seat change Steady 0 New party
Popular vote 48.851 14,648
Percentage 10.31% 3.11%
Swing Decrease 0.99% New party

Prime Minister before election

Xanana Gusmão
CNRT

Prime Minister-designate

Xanana Gusmão
CNRT

Coat of arms of East Timor.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Timor Leste

Parliamentary elections were held in East Timor on 7 July 2012.[1] The United Nations stated that it would withdraw its 1,300 troops if the elections passed off peacefully.[2][3] The National Congress for Timorese Reconstruction, led by Prime Minister Xanana Gusmão, was leading with 36.66% of the vote and a forecasted 30 seats.[4][5]

Electoral system[edit]

The 65 members of the National Parliament were elected in a single nationwide constituency by proportional representation. A party had to cross the electoral threshold of 3% to enter parliament and seats were distributed according to the d'Hondt method.[1] Parties were required to submit lists with 65 candidates and at least 25 replacements.[1] According to the electoral law, every fourth member on a party's list had to be a woman.[1]

Voting centres open between 7:00 and 15:00.[3]

Campaign[edit]

Alongside the two main parties, the CNRT and FRETILIN,[2] a further 19 parties and lists registered for the elections.[6] The election campaign was focussed on economic issues, particularly the question of what should be done with the country's oil fund, worth $10.5 billion.[2] The CNRT campaign pledged to increase the amount of money the fund contributed to the state budget beyond the existing 3% limit.[7] It also promised to attract foreign loans for infrastructure improvement projects,[7] promising long-term investment in roads and electricity and water supplies.[3] FRETILIN opposed the CNRT's policies on foreign loans and changes to the oil fund spending,[7] but ran a populist campaign focussing on raising levels of income and education.[3] FRETILIN general secretary Mari Alkatiri also promised to reduce corruption if elected.[2]

Results[edit]

Results
Wins and losses
Results in the districts
Structure of parliament after election

Final results from the election are expected on 17 July.[7] Provisional results put the CNRT in the lead with 36.66% of the vote.[4]

Party Votes % Seats +/–
National Congress for Timorese Reconstruction 172,831 36.66 30 +12
FRETILIN 140,786 29.87 25 +4
Democratic Party 48.851 10.31 8 0
Frenti-Mudança 14,648 3.11 2 New
Kmanek Haburas Unidade Nasional Timor Oan 13,998 2.97 0 New
Socialist Party of Timor 11,379 2.41 0 0
Social Democratic Party 10,158 2.15 0
National Development Party 9,386 1.99 0 New
Timorese Social Democratic Association 8,487 1.80 0
National Unity of Timorese Resistance 7,041 1.49 0 –2
Timorese Democratic Union 5,332 1.13 0 0
Republican Party 4,270 0.91 0 0
PLPA/PDRT coalition 4,012 0.85 0 0
Timorese People's Monarchy Association 3,968 0.84 0 New
National Unity Party 3,191 0.68 0 –3
Coligação Bloco Proclamador (PMD–PARENTIL) 3,125 0.66 0 0
Democratic Alliance (Kota/Trabalhista) 2,622 0.56 0 –2
Timorese Democratic Party 2,561 0.54 0 0
Liberal Democratic Party 2,222 0.47 0 New
People's Development Party 1,904 0.40 0 New
Christian Democratic Party 887 0.19 0 0
Invalid/blank votes 11,403
Total 482,792 100 65 0
Registered voters/turnout 645,624 74.78
Source: STAE, SAPO

References[edit]