East Windsor, Connecticut
|East Windsor, Connecticut|
|Broad Brook section of town|
|Nickname(s): East Side|
|• Type||Selectman-town meeting|
|• First Selectman||Denise Menard|
|• Total||26.8 sq mi (69.5 km2)|
|• Land||26.3 sq mi (68.0 km2)|
|• Water||0.6 sq mi (1.5 km2)|
|Elevation||72 ft (22 m)|
|• Density||420/sq mi (160/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||Eastern (UTC-4)|
|ZIP code||06016, 06088|
|GNIS feature ID||0212329|
East Windsor is a town in Hartford County, Connecticut, United States. The population was 11,162 at the 2010 census. The town has five villages: Broad Brook, Melrose, Scantic, Warehouse Point and Windsorville.
The first English settler in what is today known as East Windsor, was William Pynchon, the founder of Springfield, Massachusetts. In 1636, he erected a warehouse for his settlement's transshipment of goods at what is, to this day, known as "Warehouse Point". Warehouse Point served as the southern border of Springfield, Massachusetts, for 132 years — until 1768 — when East Windsor, Connecticut was annexed by the Connecticut Colony. Pynchon selected the site of Warehouse Point because of its location near the Enfield Falls — the first major falls in the Connecticut River, where all seagoing vessels were forced to terminate their voyages, and then transship to smaller shallops. By constructing a warehouse at Warehouse Point, Pynchon essentially forced all northern Connecticut River business to run through him and his settlement at Springfield.
The northern portion of East Windsor was annexed from Springfield in 1768; the southern portion was annexed from Windsor, also in 1768.
East Windsor citizens had an uneasy relationship with the Podunk tribe who inhabited the area, particularly following King Philip's War in 1675. Originally, the town was called Eastford and settled by farmers who were drawn to its even topography and the fertile soil of the Connecticut River Valley. Eastford was renamed East Windsor because another Eastford already existed in the state of Connecticut. In 1832, the Broad Brook Mill was created at the waterfall of the Mill Pond.
The oldest section of town is Warehouse Point, which, as mentioned, was first used by William Pynchon in the 1630s, and later settled as part of Springfield in the 1680s. The Scantic section of town was the center of town until the mills were built. The Windsorville section of town was once its own community, featuring a church, post office, mini-mart, and a park. Mulnite Farms is a tobacco farm on Graham Road, established in 1905. In 1897, the town's voluntary fire department was created in the mill. The Broad Brook Elementary school was established in 1951. In 1961 the town hall burned down. The new town hall is on Rye Street across from the elementary school. The new voluntary fire department building and senior center was built on the same site of the old town hall. On Memorial Day Weekend in 1986 the Broad Brook Mill caught on fire during renovations and the mill and the tire shop (on the site of the mill) burned down and the smoke could be seen as far as Bradley International Airport and Hartford. A new mini strip mall was built on the site of the mill. In recent years, the town's location — equidistant to the two major cities of Springfield and Hartford — has led to exponential population growth, and has caused it to become the fastest growing town in Connecticut.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 26.8 square miles (69.5 km2), of which 26.3 square miles (68.0 km2) is land and 0.58 square miles (1.5 km2), or 2.11%, is water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 9,818 people, 4,078 households, and 2,556 families residing in the town. The population density was 373.5 people per square mile (144.2/km²). There were 4,356 housing units at an average density of 165.7 per square mile (64.0/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 91.47% White, 4.09% African American, 0.16% Native American, 2.00% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.83% from other races, and 1.41% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.11% of the population.
There were 4,078 households out of which 27.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.7% were married couples living together, 10.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.3% were non-families. 30.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.94.
In the town the population was spread out with 22.2% under the age of 18, 6.2% from 18 to 24, 33.1% from 25 to 44, 23.8% from 45 to 64, and 14.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 96.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.6 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $51,092, and the median income for a family was $60,694. Males had a median income of $39,785 versus $33,446 for females. The per capita income for the town was $24,899. About 3.5% of families and 4.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.9% of those under age 18 and 4.6% of those age 65 or over.
Government and politics
|Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of October 30, 2012|
|Party||Active Voters||Inactive Voters||Total Voters||Percentage|
|Election results from statewide races|
|2012||President||Obama 56.8 - 42.0%|
|Senator||Murphy 52.3 - 45.4%|
|Congress||Larson 65.1 - 32.7%|
|2010||Governor||Foley 56.0 - 42.0%|
|Senator||Blumenthal 50.7 - 47.4%|
|Congress||Larson 53.1 - 45.3%|
|2008||President||Obama 48.8 - 38.8%|
|Congress||Larson 69.6 - 27.1%|
|2006||Governor||Rell 63.8 - 34.7%|
|Senator||Lieberman 46.8 - 39.8 - 12.5%|
|Congress||Larson 71.7 - 28.3%|
|2004||President||Kerry 54.3 - 43.8%|
|Senator||Dodd 66.8 - 31.1%|
|Congress||Larson 56.8 - 43.2%|
East Windsor Elementary School System serves students in pre-kindergarten through grade 4. The Connecticut Children's Place runs from Grade 4 through Grade 12. Its principal is Joyce Welch. Homebound schooling runs from Pre-K through 12. The Broad Brook Elementary School principal is Laura Fox.
East Windsor Middle School serves students in grades 5 through 8. Its principal is Kimberly Hellerich.
East Windsor High School serves students in grades 9 through 12. Its principal is Ted Keleher.
Bradley International Airport is 5 miles (8 km) away. Skylark Airport is a small airstrip to help young aviators learn how to fly.
East Windsor crime, according to city-data.com is relatively low against U.S. averages. Between 1999 and 2004, not including 2003, there was one murder, 26 rapes, 43 robberies, 41 assaults, 254 burglaries, 1248 thefts, and 177 car thefts.
Points of interest
- The Connecticut Trolley Museum and the Connecticut Fire Museum are located in the Warehouse Point section of town.
- The East Windsor Academy Museum operated by the historical society is located in the Scantic neighborhood.
- The East Windsor Hill section of the nearby town of South Windsor was the boyhood home of the theologian Jonathan Edwards.
- The Melrose School, now called the Melrose Library, is a one-room schoolhouse that was active until the early 20th century. It is located in the Melrose section of town and is now used for local functions.
- St. John's Episcopal Church (Warehouse Point, Connecticut) is on the National Register of Historic Places.
Notable people, past and present
- Lorrin Andrews (1795–1868), born in East Windsor; Congregational Church clergyman missionary to Hawaii, translated the Bible into the Hawaiian language, judge, and first Associate Justice of Hawaii State Supreme Court
- John Warner Barber (1798–1885), an engraver whose books of state, national, and local history featured his vivid engravings, said to have caught the flavor and appearance of city, town, and countryside scenes in his day, was born in town.
- Israel Bissell (1752–1800), a post-rider in Massachusetts originally from East Windsor, alerted the colonists of the British attack on April 19, 1775. He rode for four days and six hours covering the 345 miles (555 km) from Watertown, Massachusetts, to Philadelphia along the Boston Post Road. He was carrying a message from General Joseph Palmer. The message was copied at each of his stops, and he shouted "To arms, to arms, the war has begun."
- Daniel Bissell (1754–1824), a soldier and spy for the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War, was the last recipient of the Badge of Military Merit, one of only three awarded by George Washington himself. Under Washington's direct orders, he became a spy in British-occupied New York City and decided he had to join the British Army to get the desired information, which he memorized before returning to the American side. He was born in town.
- Eliphalet Chapin (1741–1807), cabinetmaker and furniture maker in town whose furniture design is regarded as one of the most elegant of its time; born in town
- Jonathan Edwards (1703-1758), a colonial American Christian preacher and theologian
- Frederick Holbrook (1814–1909), governor of Vermont, born in town
- Jerry Marquis (born 1965), NASCAR Craftsman Truck Series and NASCAR Whelen Modified Series driver; 1994 Busch North Series rookie of the year
- Oliver Newberry (1789–1860), "steamboat king", veteran of the Black Hawk War, and brother of Walter Loomis Newberry, was born here
- Walter Loomis Newberry (1804–1888), businessman and philanthropist, best known for his bequest creating the Newberry Library in Chicago
- Kevin Olson (born 1989), child actor in films such as Stuart Little 2; went to elementary and middle school here
- Eli Terry (1772–1852) was an influential clockmaker and the first inventor to receive a United States patent for a clock mechanism. He introduced mass production to clock manufacturing, making them affordable for the average person. He was born in town.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): East Windsor town, Hartford County, Connecticut". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved November 26, 2012.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Registration and Party Enrollment Statistics as of October 30, 2012" (PDF). Connecticut Secretary of State. Archived from the original on 2012-10-30. Retrieved 2006-10-02.
- Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607-1896. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who. 1963.
- Town of East Windsor official website
- East Windsor Schools
- East Windsor Ambulance Association
- Connecticut Trolley Museum