East Coast hip hop

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East Coast hip hop is a regional subgenre of hip hop music that originated in New York City, USA, during the 1970s. Hip hop is recognized to have originated and evolved first in the East Coast.[1] The style in the East Coast emerged as a definitive subgenre after artists from other regions of the United States emerged with different styles. Hip-hop culture has been internationally recognized after its huge popularity in The Bronx, specifically the South Bronx in the 1970s. The main components of hip hop culture during that time and still today are MC’ing, DJ’ing, break-dancing, and graffiti.[2] The main purpose of the rise of hip-hop culture was to keep the people in power with something they could relate to. This ties back to the marginalization of African-Americans for years prior to the rise of hip hop culture.[3]

Contents

Musical style[edit]

In contrast to the simplistic rhyme pattern and scheme utilized in old school hip hop, East Coast hip hop has been noted for its emphasis on lyrical dexterity.[4] It has also been characterized by multi-syllabic rhymes, complex wordplay, a continuous free-flowing delivery and intricate metaphors.[4] While East Coast hip hop does not have a uniform sound or standard style, it tends to gravitate to aggressive beats and sample collages.[1] The aggressive and hard-hitting beats of the form were emphasized by such acts as EPMD and Public Enemy, while artists such as Eric B. & Rakim, Boogie Down Productions, Big Daddy Kane, Notorious B.I.G and Slick Rick were noted for their lyrical skill.[1] Lyrical themes throughout the history of East Coast hip hop have ranged from lyrical consciousness by such artists as Public Enemy and A Tribe Called Quest to mafioso rap themes by rappers such as Raekwon and Kool G Rap.[4]

History[edit]

Emergence (1970s–80s)[edit]

See also: The Bridge Wars

East coast hip hop is occasionally referred to as New York rap due to its origins and development at block parties thrown in New York City during the 1970s.[4] According to AllMusic, "At the dawn of the hip-hop era, all rap was East Coast rap."[1] Early artists of the form, including DJ Kool Herc, Grandmaster Flash, Afrika Bambaataa, the Sugarhill Gang, Kurtis Blow, Jam Master Jay, and Run-D.M.C., pioneered East Coast hip hop during hip hop's development.[1] As the genre developed, lyrical themes evolved through the work of East Coast artists such as the Native Tongues, a collective of hip hop artists associated with generally positive, Afrocentric themes, and assembled by Afrika Bambaataa. New York-based groups such as De La Soul, A Tribe Called Quest, and the Jungle Brothers also earned recognition for their musical eclecticism.[1]

Renaissance (1990s)[edit]

RZA, producer and member of the Wu-Tang Clan

Although East Coast hip hop was more popular throughout the late 1980s, N.W.A's Straight Outta Compton presented the toughened sound of West Coast hip hop, which was accompanied by gritty, street-level subject matter.[1] Later in 1992, Dr. Dre's G-Funk record The Chronic would introduce West Coast hip hop to the mainstream. Along with a combined ability to retain its primary function as party music, the West Coast form of hip hop became a dominant force during the early 1990s.[1] Although G-Funk was the most popular variety of hip hop during the early 1990s, the East Coast hip hop scene remained an integral part of the music industry. During this period, several New York City rappers rising from the local underground scene, began releasing noteworthy albums in the early and mid nineties.[5] Black Moon's 1993 debut, Enta Da Stage, was one of the first major recordings to emerge from New York's hardcore hip hop scene. The album has been credited with helping spark trends that would later come to characterize this period in East Coast hip hop, and marked an early appearance for the rap supergroup Boot Camp Clik .[citation needed]

Nas's 1994 debut album Illmatic was critically acclaimed

Nas's 1994 debut album Illmatic has also been noted as a creative high point of the East Coast hip hop scene, and featured production from such renowned New York-based producers as Large Professor, Pete Rock and DJ Premier.[5] Meanwhile, The Wu-Tang Clan and Mobb Deep became pillars in New York's hardcore hip hop scene, achieving widespread critical acclaim for their landmark albums, Enter the Wu-Tang (36 Chambers) (1993) and The Infamous (1995) and spawning legions of imitators .[citation needed] Adam Hemleich comments on the collective impact of these emerging artists: "Along with Wu-Tang Clan, Nas and Mobb Deep all but invented 90s New York rap [...] Those three...designed the manner and style in which New York artists would address...rap’s hottest topics: drugs and violence."[citation needed]

The Notorious B.I.G. became the central figure in East Coast hip hop during most of the 1990s. Bad Boy Records comprised a team of producers known as the Hitmen Stevie J, Derrick "D Dot" Angelletie and Amen Ra directed by Sean Combs to move the focus on hip hop to New York with the Notorious B.I.G.'s Billboard topping hits.[6] His success on the music charts and rise to the mainstream drew more attention to New York at the time of West Coast hip hop's dominance.[6] According to AllMusic editor Steve Huey, the success of his 1994 debut album Ready to Die "reinvented East Coast rap for the gangsta age" and "turned the Notorious B.I.G. into a hip-hop sensation — the first major star the East Coast had produced since the rise of Dr. Dre's West Coast G-funk".[6] His commercial success helped pave the way for the success of other East Coast rappers such as Jay-Z and Nas.[6][7]

Legacy[edit]

Many hip hop aficionados look favorably upon this period as a time of creative growth and influential recordings, describing it as "The East Coast Renaissance." Music writer May Blaize of MVRemix Urban comments on the nostalgia felt among hip hop fans for records released during this time:

"It was dubbed the East Coast Renaissance. Wu-Tang brought the ruckus with 36 Chambers. The world was ours when Nas released Illmatic. Big L, the MVP, came out with Lifestylez ov da Poor and Dangerous. Temperatures rose in clubs when Mobb Deep came out with The Infamous and Brooklyn’s finest Jay-Z released Reasonable Doubt. . . And who can forget the powerful uplifting anthem that would brand New York’s concrete “Bucktown” (Smif-n-Wessun's hit single)? . . .Ahh, it was a beautiful time in hip-hop history that many of us wish we could return to.[8]

David Drake of Stylus Magazine writes of hip hop during 1994 and its contributions, stating: "The beats were hot, the rhymes were hot - it really was an amazing time for hip-hop and music in general. This was the critical point for the East Coast, a time when rappers from the New York area were releasing bucketloads of thrilling work - Digable Planets, Gang Starr, Pete Rock, Jeru, O.C., Organized Konfusion - I mean, this was a year of serious music.[5] Gabe Gloden of Stylus Magazine later wrote, "From my perspective in the Midwest, the market was dominated by West Coast hip hop, and these albums didn’t make much of a dent in West Coast sales, but with time, these albums filtered their way into everyone’s collections."[5]


Boston (known locally as "Beantown")[edit]

Providence[edit]

  • Zumo Kollie - Single - Buddy Cianci
  • Randyn Julius - Single - Drugs That Got Us Here
  • Cesar Luciano - Single - Lets Ride
  • Hil Holla (rapper) - Single - So Crazy

Connecticut[edit]

New Haven County, Connecticut[edit]

New Haven[edit]

Fairfield County, Connecticut[edit]

Bridgeport (known locally as "The Port, B-Port, BPT")[edit]

  • Bori Puro - Single - I Represent the City

New York[edit]

Westchester County, New York[edit]

White Plains (known locally as "W.P.")[edit]

New Rochelle (known locally as "New Roc, New Roc City")[edit]

Mount Vernon (known locally as "Moneyearnin' Mount Vernon, Mt. V")[edit]

Yonkers (known locally as "The Sixth Borough, Y.O.")[edit]

  • Mary J. Blige from Schlobohm Houses (known locally as "Slo Bomb, Slumtown, The Hole"), Southwest Yonkers (known locally as "Southside of Yonkers") - Contemporary R&B, Hip hop soul
  • Gangstas of the Ghetto (hip hop group) with DMX - Single - Niggas Is Up To No Good - from Mulford Gardens (known locally as "M.G."), Southwest Yonkers (known locally as "Southside of Yonkers")
  • DMX (rapper) from School St Houses Now Know As Ross F. Calcagno Homes, Southwest Yonkers (known locally as "Southside of Yonkers")
  • The Lox - D-Block - Jadakiss - Styles P - Sheek Louch from Whitney Young Manor (known locally as "354, D-Block"), Southwest Yonkers (known locally as "Southside of Yonkers")
  • J-Hood from Southwest Yonkers (known locally as "Southside of Yonkers")
  • The Wrek (hip hop group) - Single - Mad Deep - from Southwest Yonkers (known locally as "Southside of Yonkers")
  • Sporty Thievz from Southwest Yonkers (known locally as "Southside of Yonkers")
  • Mona Lisa (singer) from Southwest Yonkers (known locally as "Southside of Yonkers") - Contemporary R&B, Hip hop soul

New York City (known locally as "The Five Boroughs of Death, Da 5 Boros, The Rotten Apple, New Yitty, Nu Yapp City, N.Y., N.Y.C.")[edit]

The Bronx (known locally as "The Birthplace of Hip-Hop, Burned Down Bronx, Da Boogie Down, B.X.")[edit]

On the Air at Monday - Thursday 7 p.m. – 12 a.m. Friday 10 p.m. – 12 a.m. “Flex Mix Saturday” 7 p.m. – 11 p.m.

Harlem, Manhattan (known locally as "Uptown, Harlem World, Vacant Lot, Money Making Manhattan, The City")[edit]

  • The Uptown Crew - Single - Uptown Is Kickin' It in 1986 - from West Harlem
  • Doug E. Fresh - Radio personality from 107.5 FM WBLS in New York City

On the Air at Saturdays 9 p.m. - 11 p.m. from West Harlem

On the Air at “The Drama Hour” Fridays 12 a.m. – 2 a.m. “Sunday Night Drama” 9 p.m. – 10 p.m. “Takin’ It to The Streets” Last Sunday of the Month 12 a.m. – 4 a.m. from East River Houses, East Harlem

Queens (known locally as "Cop Killa Queens, Q-Boro, Q.U.")[edit]

On the Air at “Golden Era Radio” Fridays 8 p.m. - 10 p.m. from Queensbridge Houses, Long Island City - Hip-hop music producer

On the Air at Monday - Fridays 6 p.m. - 10 p.m.

Brooklyn (known locally as "Bucktown, Crooklyn/Krooklyn, Brooklyn Zoo, Medina, Brooknam, B.K.")[edit]

On the Air at Monday - Fridays The Coffee Break Mix 10 a.m. & 2 p.m. (15Min Mixes) Monday - Fridays The Throwback @ Noon 12 noon - 1 p.m. The Weekend Boombox Mixes Every Saturday 11 a.m. - 12 noon, 1 p.m. - 2 p.m., 3 p.m. - 4 p.m. & 5 p.m. - 6 p.m. Every Sunday 4 p.m. - 5 p.m. & 6 p.m. - 7 p.m. from Bed-Stuy

On the Air at Monday - Fridays 2 p.m. - 6 p.m. former rapper, and actress. Known as “The Voice of New York”, her afternoon radio show has consistently been ranked #1 with more young listeners than any other radio program in the country. Yeah lets go New York you know how we do we # 1 like KRS-One.

Staten Island (known locally as "The Forgotten Borough, Staten, Shaolin, S.I.")[edit]

Long Island (known locally as "Strong Island, L.I.")[edit]

Nassau County, New York[edit]

Suffolk County, New York[edit]

New Jersey (known locally as "New Jerusalem, Nu Jerz, Dirty Jerz/Dirty Jersey, Jurzee/Jersey, N.J.")[edit]

Hudson County, New Jersey[edit]

Jersey City (known locally as "Chilltown, J.C.")[edit]

Essex County, New Jersey[edit]

Newark (known locally as "Brick City, The Bricks, Car Theft Capital of the World")[edit]

East Orange (known locally as "Illtown, E.O.")[edit]

South Orange[edit]

Middlesex County, New Jersey[edit]

New Brunswick[edit]

Cumberland County, New Jersey[edit]

Vineland[edit]

Philadelphia (known locally as "Illadelph, Realadelphia, Killadelphia, Philly")[edit]

North Philadelphia (known locally as "Uptown, North Philly")[edit]

South Philadelphia (known locally as "S.P., South Philly")[edit]

West Philadelphia (known locally as "West Philly")[edit]

Wilmington[edit]

  • Bobby Dimes - Singles - Out Delaware - Out Delaware Remix featuring Peedi Peedi
  • GRIP (rapper) - Single - No Love - GRIP IS A HARD CORE GANGSTA RAPPER COMING FROM THE STREETS OF WILMINGTON, DELAWARE.THE NEW EAST COAST KING IS KNOWN FOR HIS HARD AND STRAIGHT FORWARD DELIVERY."NO LOVE"IS A SONG THAT REPS THE EAST COAST AND GIVES YOU GRIPS VISION OF WHAT THE EAST STANDS FOR.THE EAST COAST IS COMING BACK WITH THE BIG MAN NAME GRIP AS THE NEW VOICE REPPIN THE EAST! Meaning he's not from the South he's From Up North on the East coast The Northeast megalopolis, BosWash, Northeastern United States it's all the same thing.

Baltimore (known locally as "Charm City, B-More")[edit]

  • Bossman (rapper) - Singles - "Oh" (B-More Anthem) (Local Release) - Hand Clap (Mainstream release) lyrics to the song: All new jacks move back, it's a new boss in rap

In fact, bringin' the East coast back like Shaq How B-More do that, only New York do that When, they thought and they talk and they brought us rap but No softer that got the game on my back Like returned a city, now the East coast is back. - You're Wrong (Mainstream release) lyrics to the song he says: Ain't nothing south about me. Meaning he's not from the South he's From Up North on the East coast The Northeast megalopolis, BosWash, Northeastern United States it's all the same thing. - from Northeast Baltimore

  • K Mack - Single - In Baltimore - Back in 1995 with that Up North East Coast flava - from Edmondson Village, West Baltimore (known locally as "E.V.")
  • Mullyman - Singles - Home of da Realest featuring Memphis Bleek - Buck on Em featuring Freeway (rapper) - I Go Harder - from West Baltimore
  • Comp (rapper) - He was in the song Run with Ghostface Killah featuring Jadakiss - from West Baltimore
  • Barnes - Single - Top of the Game featuring Joe Budden
  • NOE (rapper)
  • B. Rich - Single - Whoa Now
  • Dru Hill - Contemporary R&B, Hip hop soul
  • LUV (film) - A Hood film about Baltimore

Washington, D.C. (known locally as "Chocolate City, D.C.")[edit]

  • Nonchalant - Single - 5 O'Clock
  • Black Indian (rapper) - Single - Get ‘Em Psyched from Northeast, D.C.
  • Wale (rapper) - Single - Uptown Roamers lyrics to the song: But I'm so DC, and Maryland, Virginia Dem other bammas pussy like placenta The center of the East coast my emblem reads 4-3... yea, remember that please. Meaning he's not from the South he's From Up North on the East coast The Northeast megalopolis, BosWash, Northeastern United States it's all the same thing. from Northwest, D.C.
  • Phil Adé - Singles - Outskirts - Always There - with that Up North East Coast flava
  • Mýa - Contemporary R&B, Hip hop soul
  • Amerie - Contemporary R&B, Hip hop soul
  • Slam (film) - A Hood film about D.C.

Virginia (known locally as "V.A.")[edit]

Alexandria[edit]

  • Black Cobain - Singles - Airforce - Public Enemy - with that Up North East Coast flava

Richmond (known locally as "RVA")[edit]

  • D'Angelo - Singles - Brown Sugar - Devil's Pie - Break Ups 2 Make Ups Method Man featuring D'Angelo. with that Up North East Coast flava - Contemporary R&B, Hip hop soul
  • Skillz A.K.A. Mad Skillz - Singles - The Nod Factor - Move Ya Body - Don't Act Like You Don't Know featuring Freeway - It's Goin Down lyrics to the song: Yo, my sex and be mic checking and mc decking You can bump me I ain't country - VA in the House lyrics to the song: I be Skillz see, the ill East Coast MC All my peeps down in VA, this one's for you B. Verse three: Is VA up in here? (HELL YEAH!!!)

Then here's a jam for you to spread across the state like welfare I'm a special dread, that still be tactics Doing MC's anytime, anyplace like Janet Jackson It ain't about dirt roads and corn bread Niggas be MC'ing, G'ing, war deeds and dread After this pack it up, I'll tell you my plan I'm on a VA tour with Kalonji my man Check it, hittin' city to city like a horny trucker This year, it's East Coast like a motherfucker Misconceptions are coming back like reflections Niggas who dissed, are now checkin' for my section They wanna be down, they makes me laugh That's like Brandy gettin' dropped and then you askin' for her autograph You know the steelo and Skillz be in ya It's just like that, nigga Virginia. Meaning he's not from the South he's From Up North on the East coast The Northeast megalopolis, BosWash, Northeastern United States it's all the same thing. And with his most classic album From Where??? in 1996 with his New York style flow he's nice with it for real don't sleep on Skillz true story with that Up North East Coast flava. from North Side, Richmond.

Petersburg[edit]

Newport (known locally as "Bad Newz")[edit]

  • Quan (rapper) - Singles - Just a Moment Nas featuring Quan - Feel So Good - with that Up North East Coast flava.

Norfolk[edit]

  • Fam-Lay - Single - Rock 'N Roll - from Huntersville, also called Hunters Village or Olde Huntersville.

Portsmouth (known locally as "P-Town")[edit]

  • Fayze R&B (group) - Single - First Move in 1991 / Sista R&B (group) - Singles - Brand New - It's Alright. with that Up North East Coast flava. In the early 1990s, Missy Elliott formed an all female R&B group, called Fayze (later renamed Sista), with friends La'Shawn Shellman, Chonita Coleman, and Radiah Scott. She recruited her neighborhood friend Timothy Mosley as the group's producer and began making demo tracks, among them included the promo "First Move". In 1991, Fayze caught the attention of Jodeci member and producer DeVante Swing by performing Jodeci songs a cappella for him backstage after one of his group's concerts. In short order, Fayze moved to New York City and signed to Elektra Records through DeVante's Swing Mob imprint, also renaming the group Sista - Contemporary R&B, Hip hop soul

Virginia Beach[edit]

  • Clipse - Singles - Grindin - Popular Demand (Popeyes) featuring Cam'ron and Pharrel - with that Up North East Coast flava.


All these cities and states that have been named are influence by New York City Hip-Hop scene on the East Coast the Northeast megalopolis.

This article or articles is by New York A.K.A. Nu Yawk NY.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Genre: East Coast Rap. AllMusic. Retrieved on 2009-03-01.
  2. ^ Jeff Chang “Can’t Stop Won’t Stop”
  3. ^ Jan Nederveen Pieterse “White on Black”
  4. ^ a b c d Adaso, Henry. What Is East Coast HIp-Hop. About.com. Retrieved on 2009-03-01.
  5. ^ a b c d Gloden, Gabe. I Love 1994. Stylus Magazine. Retrieved on 2009-03-01.
  6. ^ a b c d Huey, Steve (September 26, 2003). Biography: The Notorious B.I.G.. Allmusic. Retrieved on 2011-02-10.
  7. ^ Huey, Steve (September 26, 2003). Review: Ready to Die. Allmusic. Retrieved on 2011-02-10.
  8. ^ Blaize, May. THE PAST, THE PRESENT, THE ALBUM. MVRemix Urban. Retrieved on 2013-04-10.

External links[edit]