Eastbourne (UK Parliament constituency)

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Coordinates: 50°46′41″N 0°17′10″E / 50.778°N 0.286°E / 50.778; 0.286

Eastbourne
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Eastbourne in East Sussex.
Outline map
Location of East Sussex within England.
County East Sussex
Electorate 76,978 (December 2010)[1]
Major settlements Eastbourne
Current constituency
Created 1885
Member of Parliament Stephen Lloyd (Liberal Democrats)
Number of members One
Created from East Sussex
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency South East England

Eastbourne is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Stephen Lloyd, a Liberal Democrat.[n 2]

Constituency profile[edit]

Before 1990 almost always a safe Conservative seat, and with larger borders, Eastbourne since 1983 has been narrowed to the town and its immediate outskirts, primarily in the South Downs National Park. The town is towards the edge of the reasonable London Commuter Belt and is a coastal resort town that has had only marginal majorities following the 1990 by-election between the Conservatives and Liberal Democrats for many years. A Liberal Democrat gained the seat at the 2010 general election, in an election which saw the 6th lowest Labour share of the vote of the 631 candidates who stood at the election, on 4.8%.[2]

Boundaries[edit]

The constituency is presently made up of all nine electoral wards of Eastbourne Borough

History[edit]

This seat was created by the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885. Its territory had previously been incorporated in the East Sussex constituency, which in turn had been created by the Reform Act 1832 as a division of the Sussex constituency.

There have been four by-elections in the constituency:

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[3] Party
1885 Edward Field Conservative
1900 Sir Lindsay Hogg Conservative
1906 Hubert Beaumont Liberal
Jan 1910 Rupert Gwynne Conservative
1924 Sir George Lloyd Conservative
1925 by-election Sir William Hall Conservative
1929 Edward Marjoribanks Conservative
1932 by-election John Slater Conservative
1935 Sir Charles Taylor Conservative
Feb 1974 Ian Gow Conservative
1990 by-election David Bellotti Liberal Democrat
1992 Nigel Waterson Conservative
2010 Stephen Lloyd Liberal Democrat

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2010: Eastbourne[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Democrat Stephen Lloyd 24,658 47.3 +5.6
Conservative Nigel Waterson 21,223 40.7 −2.3
Labour Dave Brinson 2,497 4.8 −6.0
Independent Stephen Shing 1,327 2.5 +2.5
UKIP Roger Needham 1,305 2.5 +0.0
BNP Colin Poulter 939 1.8 N/A
Independent Michael Baldry 101 0.2 N/A
Independent Keith Gell 74 0.1 N/A
Majority 3,435 6.6
Turnout 52,124 67.0 +3.8
Liberal Democrat gain from Conservative Swing +4.0

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Eastbourne
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Nigel Waterson 21,033 43.5 −0.6
Liberal Democrat Stephen Lloyd 19,909 41.1 +1.8
Labour Andrew Jones 5,268 10.9 −2.4
UKIP Andrew Meggs 1,233 2.5 +0.5
Green Clive Gross 949 2.0 N/A
Majority 1,124 2.3
Turnout 48,392 64.8 +5.2
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 2001: Eastbourne
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Nigel Waterson 19,738 44.1 +2.0
Liberal Democrat Chris Berry 17,584 39.3 +0.9
Labour Gillian Roles 5,967 13.3 +0.8
UKIP Barry Jones 907 2.0 +1.5
Liberal Theresia Williamson 574 1.3 −0.1
Majority 2,154 4.8
Turnout 44,770 59.6 −13.2
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Eastbourne
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Nigel Waterson 22,183 42.1 −10.9
Liberal Democrat Chris Berry 20,189 38.3 −2.9
Labour David Lines 6,576 12.5 +7.8
Referendum Party Trevor Lowe 2,724 5.2 N/A
Liberal Theresia Williamson 741 1.4
UKIP John Dawkins 254 0.5 N/A
Majority 1,994 3.8
Turnout 52,667 72.8
Conservative hold Swing

This constituency underwent boundary changes between the 1992 and 1997 general elections and thus change in share of vote is based on a notional calculation.

General Election 1992: Eastbourne[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Nigel Waterson 31,792 51.6 −8.3
Liberal Democrat David Bellotti 26,311 42.7 +13.0
Labour Ivan A. Gibbons 2,834 4.6 −4.2
Green David Aherne 391 0.6 −0.9
Liberal Mrs MT Williamson 296 0.5 −29.3
Majority 5,481 8.9 −21.3
Turnout 61,624 80.9 +5.3
Conservative hold Swing −10.7
By-election 1990: Eastbourne
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Democrat David Bellotti 23,415 50.8
Conservative Richard Hickmet 18,865 41.0
Labour Charlotte Atkins 2,308 5.0
Green David Aherne 553 1.2
Liberal Theresia Williamson 526 1.1
Corrective Party Lady Whiplash 216 0.5
National Front John McAuley 154 0.3
Ironside Party Eric Page 35 0.1
Majority 4,550 9.8
Turnout 46,072 60.7
Liberal Democrat gain from Conservative Swing

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Eastbourne
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Ian Gow 33,587 59.9
Liberal Peter Driver 16,664 29.7
Labour Ash Patel 4,928 8.8
Green Ruth Addison 867 1.6
Majority 16,923 30.2
Turnout 56,046 75.6
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1983: Eastbourne
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Ian Gow 31,501 59.1
Liberal Peter Driver 18,015 33.8
Labour Charles Clark 3,790 7.1
Majority 13,486 25.3
Turnout 53,306 73.0
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Eastbourne
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Ian Gow 37,168 63.05
Liberal David Bellotti 11,084 18.80
Labour Len Caine 10,166 17.24
National Front C Mitchell 533 0.90
Majority 26,084 44.25
Turnout 58,951 76.68
Conservative hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Eastbourne
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Ian Gow 30,442 54.66
Liberal Gurth Hoyer-Millar 14,417 25.89
Labour Len Caine 10,830 19.45
Majority 16,025 28.78
Turnout 55,689 74.55
Conservative hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Eastbourne
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Ian Gow 31,462 51.31
Liberal Stephen Terrell 23,987 39.12
Labour David Dawson 5,874 9.58
Majority 7,475 12.19
Turnout 61,323 82.60
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1970: Eastbourne
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Charles Taylor 30,296 48.80
Liberal Stephen Terrell 23,308 37.55
Labour Cyril Abley 8,475 13.65
Majority 6,988 11.26
Turnout 62,079 73.67
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966: Eastbourne
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Charles Taylor 26,039 46.26
Liberal Stephen Terrell 16,746 29.75
Labour J H High 12,620 22.42
Independent V H Petty 883 1.57
Majority 9,293 16.51
Turnout 56,288 77.24
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1964: Eastbourne
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Charles Taylor 26,410 49.01
Liberal Stephen Terrell 15,441 28.66
Labour J E M Baker 12,034 22.33
Majority 10,969 20.36
Turnout 53,885 76.70
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: Eastbourne
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Charles Taylor 27,874 57.28
Labour A A Dumont 11,837 24.32
Liberal Ronald Gardner-Thorpe 8,955 18.40
Majority 16,037 32.95
Turnout 48,666 77.28
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1955: Eastbourne
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Charles Taylor 29,779 65.68
Labour J.A. Lewis 15,561 34.32
Majority 14,218 31.36
Turnout 75.81
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1951: Eastbourne
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Charles Taylor 39,278 67.15
Labour C. Atlee 19,217 32.85
Majority 20,061 34.30
Turnout 81.93
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1950: Eastbourne
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Charles Taylor 35,425 59.54
Labour R. Groves 18,304 30.77
Liberal C.L.H.D. Bate 5,766 9.69
Majority 17,121 28.78
Turnout 85.08
Conservative hold Swing

Election in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Eastbourne
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Charles Taylor 18,173 53.24
Labour D.N. Smith 12,637 37.02
Liberal J.S. Gowland 2,797 8.19
Independent W.R. Hipwell 524 1.54
Majority 5,536 16.22
Turnout 77.35
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1935: Eastbourne
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Charles Taylor Unopposed
Conservative hold Swing
Eastbourne by-election 1932
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Slater Unopposed
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1931: Eastbourne
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Edward Marjoribanks 31,240 85.31
Labour A.J. Marshall 5,379 14.69
Majority 25,861 70.62
Turnout 71.86
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

1929 General Election: Eastbourne

Electorate 48,951[6]

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Edward Marjoribanks 18,157 49.9
Labour R S Chatfield 8,204 22.5
Liberal Clive Stuart Saxon Burt 7,812 21.4
Independent Unionist P E Hurst 2,277 6.2
Majority 9,953 27.4
Turnout 36,450 74.5
Unionist hold Swing
Eastbourne by-election, 1925

Electorate 33,318[7]

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Sir William Reginald Hall 12,741 58.4 -9.5
Liberal Harcourt Johnstone 5,386 24.7 +8.6
Labour Thomas Samuel Beauchamp Williams 3,696 16.9 +0.9
Majority 7,355 33.7 -18.1
Turnout 21,823 60.7 -14.9
Unionist hold Swing -9.0
1924 General Election: Eastbourne

Electorate 33,318[8]

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Rt Hon. Sir George Ambrose Lloyd 17,533 67.9
Liberal J J Davies 4,168 16.1
Labour D J Davis 4,138 16.0
Majority 13,365 51.8
Turnout 25,839 77.6
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1923: Eastbourne[9]

Electorate 32,033

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Rupert Sackville Gwynne 13,276 53.8
Liberal Rt Hon. Thomas Wiles 11,396 46.2
Majority 1,880 7.6
Turnout 77.0
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1922 : Eastbourne[10]

Electorate 31,281

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Rupert Sackville Gwynne 14,601 60.5
Liberal Edward Duke 9,550 39.5
Majority 5,051 21.0
Turnout 77.2
Unionist hold Swing

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election 1918 Eastbourne[11]

Electorate 29,863

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist 11,357 63.6
Labour Thomas Burleigh Hasdell 4,641 26.0
Liberal Sir Alfred John Callaghan 1,852 10.4
Majority 6,716 37.6
Turnout 59.8
Unionist hold Swing
  • denotes candidate who was endorsed by the Coalition Government

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election 1906 Eastbourne[12]

Electorate 12,913

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Hubert George Beaumont 5,933 52.8 +6.6
Conservative Sir L. Hogg 5,303 47.2 -6.6
Majority 630 5.6 -2.0
Turnout 87.0
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +6.6

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ General Election Results from the Electoral Commission
  3. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "E" (part 1)[self-published source][better source needed]
  4. ^ "Eastborne election results". BBC. 20 April 2010. Retrieved 20 April 2010. 
  5. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 
  6. ^ F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949; Political Reference Publications, Glasgow 1949
  7. ^ F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949; Political Reference Publications, Glasgow 1949
  8. ^ F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949; Political Reference Publications, Glasgow 1949
  9. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
  10. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
  11. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
  12. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)

Sources[edit]