Eastbourne railway station

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Eastbourne National Rail
Eastbourne
Location
Place Eastbourne
Local authority Eastbourne
Grid reference TV609991
Operations
Station code EBN
Managed by Southern
Number of platforms 3
DfT category C1
Live arrivals/departures and station information
from National Rail Enquiries
Annual rail passenger usage*
2004/05  3.065 million
2005/06 Increase 3.081 million
2006/07 Increase 3.273 million
2007/08 Increase 3.545 million
2008/09 Decrease 3.514 million
2009/10 Decrease 3.372 million
2010/11 Increase 3.535 million
2011/12 Increase 3.595 million
2012/13 Increase 3.589 million
History
1849 Opened
1866 Rebuilt
1872 Resited
1886 Rebuilt
National RailUK railway stations
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
* Annual estimated passenger usage based on sales of tickets in stated financial year(s) which end or originate at Eastbourne from Office of Rail Regulation statistics. Methodology may vary year on year.
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Eastbourne railway station serves the seaside town of Eastbourne in East Sussex, England. It is on the East Coastway Line, and train services are provided by Southern. It is one of two railway stations in the town, the other being Hampden Park Station. There are also two other stations in the Eastbourne area, one being Pevensey & Westham, in nearby Westham (near Pevensey), the other being Polegate.

Most passenger services along the coast served the station, as they do today. Trains reverse at the station to continue their journey along the East Coastway by using a junction north of Hampden Park railway station; services run either east (to Bexhill, Hastings and Ashford International) or west via Lewes (to Brighton or London Victoria) from the station.

History[edit]

The single track branch line to Eastbourne from Polegate on the Brighton to Hastings line was opened by the London Brighton and South Coast Railway (LB&SCR) on 14 May 1849.[1] As the town became an ever more popular seaside resort two further stations followed: the first in 1866 and the present station, designed by F.D. Brick, in 1886.[2] There was a rarely used triangular junction between Polegate and the now-closed Stone Cross which allowed trains to bypass the Branch; the track for this has now been lifted.

First station[edit]

Very little is known about the first station, except it was a timber structure and was used between 1849 and 1866 when the station building was moved to Wharf Road and became a dwelling for railway families. A new station was rebuilt. The location of the first station was said to be in Upperton Road, between the site of the current station and the Royal Mail sorting office.[3] There is no record known on how many platforms the first station had.

Present station[edit]

Eastbourne in 1994
Eastbourne in 2006

With the increase in services serving Eastbourne, now a popular resort, under LB&SCR Chief Engineer Frederick Banister a station was resited a little to the east in 1872 and rebuilt in 1886 and designed by F.D. Brick, in 1886.[2] which a vaulted canopy and lantern roof, similar to Lewes. The station had 4 platforms which increased in length over the years. There was also two run around loops between platforms 2 and 3. Over the years one of the runaround loops was lost as platforms 1 and 2 was built wider. On 12 April 1977 platform 4 was shortened from a 12 coach to an 8 coach length to make way for the ring road construction.[4] And was taken out of use and the track lifted during the Eastbourne re-signalling in 1991

Goods station and yards[edit]

A goods station and yard was built north of the present station, on the site of the first station and was accessed from the mainline north of the station. Also to the north of the station was an extensive coal depot and industrial sidings including the Crumbles siding. The goods shed still survives today as the Enterprise Shopping Centre and the goods yard surrounding it is now the station car park. The coal sidings to the north of the station is now on the site of a car dealer.

Locomotive depot[edit]

Eastbourne carriage sidings, May 2005. Site of the first engine shed

The LB&SCR opened a small engine shed in 1849 which was demolished in 1876. It was replaced by a semi-roundhouse in 1876, but this was demolished in 1912.[5] A larger seven-road (seven track) shed was opened in 1911, but this was badly damaged by bombing in the Second World War and was never repaired. It closed in 1952, but the site continued to be used as a store for locomotives awaiting scrapping.[6] Until 1965 when diesel locomotives were stored here until 1968 the shed was then demolished in 1969.[7] Today the first engine shed is now occupied by the current carriage sidings, whilst the latter is now wasteland.

Signal Box[edit]

Eastbourne signal box

The current signal box was built in 1882 and had an impressive 108 Lever frame controlling the station, goods yard and carriage sidings, this was later replaced on 14 November 1934 with a 72 lever frame. In 1991 the signal box was changed into a power signal box when the semaphore signals were replaced by colour light signals and an "entrance-exit" control system installed. However Network Rail plans to replace the signal box by 2021 with a new signalling centre at Three Bridges,[8] which may leave the signal box here redundant.

Listed status[edit]

Eastbourne station was listed at Grade II on 3 July 1981.[9]

Accidents[edit]

There has been only one railway accident in Eastbourne. On 25 August 1958, a Glasgow to Eastbourne sleeper train collided with an Ore to London Bridge service killing 5, leaving 22 with serious injuries and 18 with minor.

Operating company[edit]

Since 2001, all train services have been operated by Southern, formerly South Central.

Former privatised operators[edit]

Former long distance services[edit]

Until the late 1960s long-distance through trains ran from Eastbourne via Brighton to:

  • Birkenhead Woodside via via Redhill, Reading, Oxford, Birmingham Snow Hill and Shrewsbury
  • Sheffield Victoria via Rugby Central, Loughborough Central and Nottingham Victoria
  • Walsall via Birmingham New Street and Coventry.

An overnight train also ran from Glasgow Central. Long distances again ran; between 1988 and 1996 with the InterCity Holiday maker services, and Virgin Trains between 1996 and 1997, a Saturday-only service to Glasgow Central in the morning and Manchester Piccadilly in the afternoon[10]

Former local services[edit]

Main article: Cuckoo Line

Until 14 June 1965, a local service from Eastbourne ran via the Cuckoo Line to Tunbridge Wells West and later to Tonbridge. Between 15 June 1965 and 9 September 1968 a shuttle service ran to Hailsham.

Services[edit]

The typical off-peak service from the station is:

In addition there are additional peak services to London Bridge.

On Sunday the typical service is:

    • 1tph to London Victoria (semi-fast)
    • 1tph to Brighton (stopping)
    • 1tph to Ashford International (semi-fast)
    • 1tph to Ore (stopping)
Preceding station National Rail National Rail Following station
Hampden Park   Southern
Mainline East (Victoria-Eastbourne)
  Terminus
Polegate   Southern
Mainline East (Victoria-Ore)
  Hampden Park
Hampden Park   Southern
East Coastway Line (Brighton-Ore)
  Hampden Park
Polegate   Southern
East Coastway Line (Brighton-Ashford)
  Bexhill

Facilities[edit]

  • Ticket office (4 Windows)
  • Automatic Ticket barriers
  • Car Park (100+ spaces)
  • Pick up & drop off zone
  • Toilets
  • Telephones
  • Cash Machines
  • Shops & cafes, including: Subway, WHSmith and a Barbers, amongst others.
  • Health Centre
  • Taxi rank
  • Bus stop (Eastbourne's main Bus terminus is just a 2-minute walk from the station)
  • National Express coach stop
  • Sheltered seating around the whole station
  • Passenger Lounge
  • Bicycle storage

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Handbook of Stations ... on the Railways of Great Britain and Ireland British Transport Commission (Railway Clearing House) 1956
  2. ^ a b Surtees, Dr John (2002), Eastbourne, A History, Chichester: Phillimore, ISBN 1-86077-226-9 
  3. ^ plate 104, Brighton to Eastbourne by Vic Mitchell & Keith Smith, Middleton Press 1985 ISBN 0-906520-16-9
  4. ^ plate 118, Brighton to Eastbourne by Vic Mitchell & Keith Smith, Middleton Press 1985 ISBN 0-906520-16-9
  5. ^ plate 111, Brighton to Eastbourne by Vic Mitchell & Keith Smith, Middleton Press 1985 ISBN 0-906520-16-9
  6. ^ Griffiths, Roger and Smith, Paul (1999), The directory of British engine sheds, 1., Oxford: Oxford Publishing Co., ISBN 0-86093-542-6 
  7. ^ plate 18, Eastbourne to Hastings by Vic Mitchell & Keith Smith, Middleton Press 1985 ISBN 0-906520-27-4
  8. ^ "Rail Jobs at Risk". David Meikle (ITV Meridian). 2011-12-12. Retrieved 2011-12-14. 
  9. ^ "British Listed Buildings - Railway Station, Eastbourne". English Heritage. British Listed Buildings. 2007. Retrieved 1 January 2012. 
  10. ^ Inter regional loco hauled services from Brighton 1983

Coordinates: 50°46′08″N 0°16′52″E / 50.769°N 0.281°E / 50.769; 0.281