Eastern Beskids and the Ukrainian Carpathians
The Eastern Beskids and the Ukrainian Carpathians are a geological group of mountain ranges of the Outer Eastern Carpathians, mostly in Ukraine. The region includes the mountainous far southeastern point of Poland and the far eastern point of Slovakia, then stretches southward through western Ukraine to the Romanian border.
Multiple traditions, languages and nationalities have developed overlapping variants for the divisions and names of these ranges. The Polish language name for the entire region is Beskidy Wschodnie, the "Eastern Beskids"; the Slovak language name is Poloniny; and Ukrainians call it the Ukrainian Carpathians.
At the three-way border, portions of the Slovakian Bukovec Mountains (Bukovské vrchy), the Polish Bieszczady Mountains (Bieszczady Zachodnie), and the adjacent Uzhansky National Nature Park and Nadsiansky Regional Landscape Park in Ukraine form the transnational East Carpathian Biosphere Reserve.
The ranges in this group include:
- the Slovakian Bukovec Mountains (Bukovské vrchy)
- the Polish Bieszczady Mountains (Bieszczady Zachodnie)
- the Góry Sanocko-Turczańskie range, along the Polish-Ukrainian border
- Skole Beskids (UA: Skolivs'ki Beskydy), partly or completely also known as High Beskids (Vysoki Beskydy); part of (Ukrainian) Eastern Beskids (Skhidni Beskydy)
- Upper Dniester Beskids (UA: Verkhn'odnistrovs'ki Beskydy), part of (Ukrainian) Eastern Beskids (Skhidni Beskydy)
- Gorgany (UA)
- Pokuttya-Bucovina Carpathians (UA, Pokuts'ko-Bukovins'ki Karpaty)
- Verkhovyna Carpathians
- Polonyna Rivna
- Polonyna Borzhava
- Polonyna Kuk
- Polonyna Krasna
- Chornohora (Black Mountain) range, including Ukraine's highest peak, Hoverla
- Hrynyava Mountains
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