Eastern California

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Eastern California
Region
Downtown San Bernardino.jpg
Downtown San Bernardino, anchor of the largest metro area in East California and 12th in the United States.
Country United States
State California
Highest point Mount Whitney
 - location Inyo County
 - elevation 14,505 ft (4,421 m)
 - coordinates 36°34′42.89″N 118°17′31.18″W / 36.5785806°N 118.2919944°W / 36.5785806; -118.2919944
Lowest point Badwater Basin
 - location Inyo County
 - elevation -282 ft (-86 m)
 - coordinates 36°14′23.93″N 116°49′54.16″W / 36.2399806°N 116.8317111°W / 36.2399806; -116.8317111
Timezone Pacific Standard Time
 - summer (DST) Pacific Daylight Time
Area code 530, 760, 909, 951
Counties on California's Eastern Border

Eastern California is a region defined as either the strip to the east of the crest of the Sierra Nevada or as the easternmost counties of California in the United States.

Culture and history[edit]

Most of Eastern California does not fit the stereotypes of California and is more related in culture to southeastern Oregon, northwestern Nevada, and western Arizona. Northeastern California is very sparsely populated (except for the area around Lake Tahoe) and tends to be politically conservative, much like the rest of the rural Western United States. However, the counties of San Bernardino and Riverside form the 12th largest metropolitan area of the United States, and the counties of El Dorado, Placer, and Nevada are part of the Greater Sacramento area and are culturally influenced by their respective metropolitan areas.

Historically, Northeastern California has had strong ties to Nevada, with the exact boundary between the two states in some dispute.[1] Residents of portions of near Susanville, California, tried to break away from California in 1856, first by declaring themselves part of the Nataqua Territory[2] and then through annexation to Nevada. The two states further squabbled over ownership of Susanville in 1863. The town of Aurora, Nevada, was temporarily the county seat of both Mono County, California, and Esmeralda County, Nevada. Finally, the line between the two states was settled by a survey in 1872.

Geography[edit]

The easternmost counties of California are:

Cities within this region include San Bernardino, Riverside, Ontario, Roseville, Victorville, Temecula, Palm Springs, Lincoln, El Centro, Barstow, South Lake Tahoe, Susanville, Truckee, Grass Valley, Placerville, and Alturas

Geology[edit]

Because Eastern California is generally in the rain shadow of the Sierra Nevada or the Transverse Ranges, the climate is extremely dry and can be considered a desert. Indeed, the hottest and lowest area in North America lies in Eastern California: Death Valley.

Geologically, Eastern California is mostly part of the Basin and Range Province, marked by crustal extension, with horsts and grabens. Volcanism is also very evident in this region.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bruce A. Metcalfe. "A Moving Monument". Retrieved 2006-03-28. 
  2. ^ "US395:Lassen County (Susanville to Modoc County Line)". Floodgap Roadgap. Retrieved 2006-04-01.