Eastern Command (United Kingdom)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Eastern Command
Active 1905–1972
Country  United Kingdom
Branch Flag of the British Army.svg British Army
Type Command
Garrison/HQ Horseguards
Luton Hoo
Hounslow
Wilton Park

Eastern Command was a Command of the British Army.

History[edit]

In January 1876 a ‘Mobilization Scheme for the forces in Great Britain and Ireland’ was published, with the ‘Active Army’ divided into eight army corps based on the major Commands and Districts. This scheme disappeared in 1881, when the districts were retitled ‘District Commands’. Fourth Army Corps was created in London under Lord Grenfell in April 1903.[1]

Eastern Command was established in 1905 from the Fourth Army Corps and was based in London.[2] Among the formations raised under its supervision in World War I was the 12th (Eastern) Division. During World War I, Eastern Command was based at 50 Pall Mall, London.[3]

By 1939 its headquarters was located at Horseguards in London.[4] At that time Regular Troops reporting to the Command included 4th Infantry Division.[4]

During World War II the Command relocated to Luton Hoo in Bedfordshire.[5] After the War it moved to Hounslow Barracks in Hounslow[6] and then, in 1954, it moved to Wilton Park in Beaconsfield.[7]

223rd Independent Infantry Brigade (Home) was raised in the Command, seemingly in September 1940.

When the Territorial Army was reformed in 1947, 54th (East Anglian) was not reconstituted as a field division, but 161st Infantry Brigade was reformed as an independent infantry brigade in Eastern Command.[8]

The Command was merged into HQ UK Land Forces (HQ UKLF) in 1972.

General Officers Commanding-in-Chief[edit]

General Officers Commanding-in-Chief have included:[9][10][11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The London Gazette: no. 27545. p. 2527. 21 April 1903. Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  2. ^ Whitaker's Almanack 1905
  3. ^ Jeffery, p. 198
  4. ^ a b Patriot Files
  5. ^ Discover Bedfordshire[dead link]
  6. ^ TA Heathcote, The British Field Marshals 1736-1997, Pen & Sword Books, Published 1999, ISBN 0-85052-696-5, Page 120
  7. ^ Subterranea Britannica
  8. ^ Watson, TA 1947.
  9. ^ Whitaker's Almanacks 1905 - 1972
  10. ^ Eastern Command at Regiments.org
  11. ^ Army Commands

Sources[edit]

  • Jeffery, Keith (2006). Field Marshal Sir Henry Wilson: A Political Soldier. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-820358-2.