Eastern Time Zone

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Eastern Time Zone
Timezoneswest.PNG
   (farthest right yellow)
UTC offset
EST UTC−5:00
EDT UTC−4:00
Current time (Refresh the clock.)
EDT 8:24 pm on Oct 24, 2014
Observance of DST
DST is observed throughout this time zone between the 2nd Sunday in March and the 1st Sunday in November.
DST began Mar 9, 2014
DST ends Nov 2, 2014

The Eastern Time Zone (ET) is a time zone encompassing 17 U.S. states in the eastern part of the contiguous United States, parts of eastern Canada and three countries in Central America.

Places that use Eastern Standard Time (EST) when observing standard time (autumn/winter) are 5 hours behind Coordinated Universal Time (UTC−05:00).

Eastern Daylight Time (EDT), when observing daylight saving time (spring/summer) is 4 hours behind Coordinated Universal Time (UTC−04:00).

In the northern parts of the time zone, during the second Sunday in March, at 2:00 a.m. EST, clocks are advanced to 3:00 a.m. EDT leaving a one hour "gap". During the first Sunday in November, at 2:00 a.m. EDT, clocks are moved back to 1:00 a.m. EST, thus "duplicating" one hour. Southern parts of the zone (Panama and the Caribbean) do not observe daylight-saving time.

History[edit]

The Uniform Time Act of 1966 ruled that daylight saving time would run from the last Sunday of April until the last Sunday in October in the United States.[1] The act was amended to make the first Sunday in April the beginning of daylight saving time as of 1987.[1] The Energy Policy Act of 2005 extended daylight saving time in the United States beginning in 2007. So local times change at 2:00 a.m. EST to 3:00 a.m. EDT on the second Sunday in March and return at 2:00 a.m. EDT to 1:00 a.m. EST on the first Sunday in November.[1] In Canada, the time changes as it does in the United States.[2][3]

Canada[edit]

Main article: Time in Canada

In Canada, the following provinces and territories are part of the Eastern Time Zone:

United States[edit]

The boundary between timezones is set forth in the Code of Federal Regulations, with the boundary between the Eastern and Central Time Zones being specifically detailed at 49 CFR 71.[4]

The District of Columbia and seventeen states are located entirely within the Eastern Time zone:

Six states are split between Eastern and Central time:

  • Alabama: The entire state is officially in the Central Time Zone. However, a handful of communities unofficially observe Eastern Time because they are part of the Columbus, Georgia metropolitan area – Phenix City, Smiths Station, Lanett, and Valley.[5]
  • Florida: All of Florida is in the Eastern Time zone except for the portion of the Florida Panhandle west of the Apalachicola River. As the Eastern–Central zone boundary approaches the Gulf of Mexico, it follows the Bay/Gulf county line.
  • Indiana: All of Indiana observes Eastern Time except for six northwestern counties in the Chicago metropolitan area and six southern counties in the Evansville metropolitan area.
    • Until 2006, the portions of Indiana within the Eastern Time Zone observed Eastern Standard Time year-round – except that five counties near Cincinnati and Louisville customarily observed Eastern Daylight Time despite legally being on Eastern Standard Time. See Time in Indiana.
  • Kentucky: Roughly, the eastern half of the state, including all of metropolitan Louisville is in the Eastern Time Zone and the western half is in the Central Time Zone, inclusive of counties located to the east of the counties of Breckenridge, Grayson, Hart, Green, Adair, Russell, and Clinton,[2] generally anything that is north of Middle Tennessee.
  • Michigan: All of Michigan observes Eastern Time except the four counties in the Upper Peninsula along the border with Wisconsin, which observe Central Time – Gogebic, Iron, Dickinson, and Menominee. Historically the entire state observed Central Time. When daylight saving time was first introduced, the Lower Peninsula remained on DST after it formally ended, effectively re-aligning itself into the Eastern Time Zone. The Upper Peninsula continued to observe Central Time until 1972, when all but the four counties noted changed to Eastern Time. Unofficially, Ontonagon is one of the westernmost counties in the upper peninsula to entirely observe Eastern Time at a longitude of 89.5°W.
  • Tennessee: Most of the eastern third of Tennessee is legally on Eastern Time. The area is roughly but not entirely coextensive with the region formally known as "East Tennessee". Specifically, three East Tennessee counties--Bledsoe, Cumberland, and Marion—are on Central Time.

Eastern Time is also used somewhat as a de facto official time for all of the United States, since it includes the capital (Washington, D.C.) and the largest city (New York City). National media organizations will often report when events happened or are scheduled to happen in Eastern Time even if they occurred in another time zone, and TV schedules are also almost always posted in Eastern Time. In the United States, all nationally televised morning programs (except Good Morning America Weekend Edition which some ABC affiliates on the east coast air on a tape-delay), some daytime talk shows, evening newscasts, most talent & awards shows, and any other nationally televised event that airs live on American television during prime time & on the weekends (such as sports television) are broadcast live in the Eastern Time Zone. Major professional sports leagues also post all game times in Eastern time, even if both teams are from the same time zone, outside of Eastern Time. For example a game time between two teams from Pacific Time Zone will still be posted in Eastern time (for example, one may see "Seattle at Los Angeles" with "10:00 p.m." posted as the start time for the game, often without even clarifying the time is posted in Eastern time).[citation needed]

Most cable television and national broadcast networks advertise airing times in Eastern time. National broadcast networks (ABC, CBS, The CW, Fox Network, NBC) generally have two primary feeds, an eastern feed for Eastern and Central time zones, and a tape-delayed western feed for the Pacific Time Zone. The prime time is set on Eastern and Pacific at 8:00 p.m., with the Central time zone stations receiving the eastern feed at 7:00 p.m. local time. Mountain Time Zone stations receive a separate feed at 7:00 p.m. local time.[citation needed] As Arizona does not observe daylight saving time, during the summer months, it has its own feed at 7:00 p.m. local time.[citation needed] Cable channels with a separate western feed (such as HBO, whose western feed is called "HBOW") generally air the same programming as the eastern feed delayed by three hours. Other cable networks such as the Discovery family of networks repeat their prime time programming three hours later; this allows for the same show to be advertised as airing at "8:00 p.m. E/P" (that is, "8:00 p.m. Eastern and Pacific time"). Networks specializing in the airing of sports events, such as ESPN, advertise all of their programming in Eastern and Pacific, incorporating the 3-hour time difference (as in "8:00 p.m. Eastern/5:00 p.m. Pacific") and leaving viewers in the remaining time zones to calculate start time in their own areas.[citation needed]

Mexico[edit]

Main article: Time in Mexico
  • Quintana Roo: this eastern state followed EST for an almost-17-year period (1982 to some time in 1998).[6]

The Bahamas, Turks and Caicos Islands[edit]

The Bahamas along with Turks and Caicos Islands officially observes both Eastern Standard Time during the winter months and Eastern Daylight Time during the summer months.

Central America and the Caribbean islands[edit]

Jamaica and the Cayman Islands in the Caribbean, and Panama in Central America use Eastern Standard Time UTC−05 year round. Haiti uses Eastern Standard Time during the winter months and Eastern Daylight Time UTC-04 during the summer months. Cuba is usually the same as Eastern Standard Time in the winter, and Eastern Daylight Time in the summer, but often changes on different days.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Prerau, David (2006). "Early adoption and U.S. Law". Daylight Saving Time. Web Exhibit. Retrieved 2007-04-23. 
  2. ^ a b Law, Gwillim (2007-09-21). "United States Time Zones". 
  3. ^ "Daylight Saving Time Starts Sunday". Government of Ontario. 2008-03-07. Retrieved 2010-09-21. 
  4. ^ The specification for the Eastern Time Zone is set forth at 49 CFR 71.4, and is listed in Text and pdf formats. The boundary between Eastern and Central is set forth at 49 CFR 71.5, and is listed in text and pdf formats.
  5. ^ McDearman, Brian (2006-08-13). "Parts of Eastern Alabama split between 2 time zones". The Decatur Daily. Retrieved 2009-03-22. 
  6. ^ "SIID División de Politica Social "Horario de Verano. Antecedentes y legislación comparada"" (in Spanish). Chamber of Deputies (Mexico). Retrieved 2013-11-04. 

External links[edit]