Eastern Egg Rock Island
Puffins on the island
|Location||Muscongus Bay, Atlantic Ocean|
|Area||0.011 sq mi (0.028 km2)|
|Highest elevation||20 ft (6 m)|
|Visited by biologists for maintenance and tourists as a vacation spot|
Eastern Egg Rock Island is an island in the Town of St. George in Knox County in the U.S. state of Maine. It is owned by the Maine Department of Inland Fisheries and Wildlife (MDIFW), and it is located off the southern Atlantic Coast of the state. Project Puffin, a restoration effort by the Audubon Society, is implemented on Eastern Egg Rock through a contract with the MDIFW.
In 1973, Stephen W. Kress of the Audubon Society started Project Puffin, an effort to restore seabird colonies to the southern Maine area. Atlantic Puffins from Newfoundland and terns were reintroduced to the island. Puffins had not been spotted on the island since 1885. Biologists from other countries joined the society to help coax the birds back to Maine's islands and control the population of predators. Techniques used for restoring the birds, such as playing recordings of puffin calls, were mostly effective, and Kress wrote a children's book about the success of the project.
With the help of fish delivered to Eastern Egg Rock, 69 percent of Maine's roseate terns were nesting there by 2004. Now the island is the southern limit of puffin habitat in North America. To protect the birds, the island is closed to visitors for the breeding season, which runs from April through August.
- "Eastern Egg Rock". Geographic Names Information System, U.S. Geological Survey. September 30, 1980. Retrieved 2010-12-18.
- Carpenter, Murray (August 29, 2006). "Trying to export the success of a Maine seabird program". The New York Times. Retrieved August 1, 2010.
- "Project Puffin: Eastern Egg Rock." Audubon Society. Retrieved September 6, 2010.
- Garrity, Paul (July 29, 2005). "Puffins that summer on mid-coast Maine island". Mainebirding.Net. Retrieved August 1, 2010.
- Meara, Emmett (December 3, 1981). "Eastern Egg Rock puffins return". The Bangor Daily News (Bangor, Maine). p. 28. Retrieved October 23, 2010.
- Rothschadl, Ron (2005-06-22). "Maine Coastal Islands National Wildlife Refuge". U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 2010-09-21.
- For children: Kress, Stephen W. (1999). Project Puffin: How We Brought Puffins Back to Egg Rock. Gardiner, Maine: Tilbury House Publishers, ISBN 978-0-88448-170-6.