|Native to||Guinea, Mali, Liberia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Ivory Coast|
|4.5 million (2006–2012)|
Official language in
mku – Konyanka
emk – Eastern Maninkaka
msc – Sankaran Maninkaka
mzj – Manya (Liberia)
jod – Wojenaka (Odienné Jula)
jud – Worodougou
kfo – Koro (Koro Jula)
kga – Koyaga (Koyaga Jula)
mxx – Mahou (Mawukakan)
Maninka (Malinke), or more precisely Eastern Maninka, is the name of several closely related languages and dialects of the southeastern Manding subgroup of the Mande branch of the Niger–Congo languages. It is the mother tongue of the Malinké people and is spoken by 3,300,000 speakers in Guinea, where it is the main language in the Upper Guinea region, and Mali, where the closely related Bambara is a national language, as well as in Liberia, Senegal, Sierra Leone and Ivory Coast, where it has no official status. It was the language of court and government used during the Mali empire.
Like all Manding languages, Maninka is a tonal language.
- Konyanka at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
Eastern Maninkaka at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
Sankaran Maninkaka at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
Manya (Liberia) at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
Wojenaka (Odienné Jula) at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
(Additional references under 'Language codes' in the information box)
- Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Manenkan". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology.
- Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Maninka–Mori". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology.
- Vydrine, Valentin. Manding–English Dictionary (Maninka, Bomana). Volume 1: A, B, D–DAD, Supplemented by Some Entries From Subsequent Volumes (1999). Dimitry Bulanin Publishing House, 315 pp. ISBN 5-86007-178-7.
- Report on Malinke in Mali en Senegal
- Nko script and a literary Maninka language by Valentin Vydrine
- Some text from the language Museum
- Language museum in kankan
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