Eastern Mediterranean Regional office of World Health Organisation

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Eastern Mediterranean Regional office of the World Health Organisation
مكتب منظمة الصحة العالمية لشرق المتوسط
Eastern Mediterranean regional office of WHO, Nasr City, Cairo.JPG
Eastern Mediterranean regional office of WHO, Nasr City, Cairo
Abbreviation EMRO
OREM
Formation between 1948 and 1952
Type Regional office of the World Health Organisation
Legal status Active
Parent organization World Health Organisation (WHO)
Website www.emro.who.int

The Eastern Mediterranean Regional office of the World Health organisation, also known as EMRO, is the regional office of the World Health Organization that serves 22 countries and territories in the Middle East, the North Africa, the Horn of Africa and Central Asia. It is one of the WHO's six regional offices around the world.[1]

History[edit]

All the regional divisions of WHO were created between 1949 and 1952. They are based on article 44 of WHO's constitution, which allows the WHA to "establish a [single] regional organization to meet the special needs of [each defined] area". Many decisions are made at regional level, including importance discussions over WHO's budget, and in deciding the members of the next assembly, which are designated by the regions.[2]

Members[edit]

Alexandria former EMRO-WHO building, Sanitary council establishment marble plate 1831

EMRO aims to work with local governments, specialized agencies, partners and other stakeholders in the field of public health to develop health policies and strengthen national health systems.[3]

It serves the WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region, which includes 21 member states in the Middle East, North Africa, the Horn of Africa and Central Asia, as well as the occupied Palestinian territory (West Bank and Gaza Strip). The office covers an area of nearly 583 million people. The countries and territories in EMRO are:[3]

Location[edit]

The EMRO Office was originally based in Alexandria, Egypt. It was later moved to its new location in Nasr City, Cairo.[4]

Languages[edit]

Unified Medical Dictionary, EMRO المعجم الطبي الموحد

The official languages of WHO in the Eastern Mediterranean Region are Arabic, English and French. However, other national languages such as Persian, Urdu, Dari, Pashto and Somali are also used in communicating health messages and delivering health programs.[5]

Services[edit]

  • Unified Arabic-English-French Medical Dictionary to help advance of Medicine and health related sciences in Arabic countries.[6] An online version with a search engine is available.
  • Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]