Eastern Orthodox Church by country

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Distribution of Eastern Orthodox Christians in the world by country:
  Main religion (more than 75%)
  Main religion (50–75%)
  Important minority religion (20–50%)
  Important minority religion (5–20%)
  Minority religion (1–5%)
  Tiny minority religion (below 1%), but has local autocephaly

Based on the numbers of adherents, Orthodoxy is the second largest Christian communion in the world after the Roman Catholic Church.[1] The most common estimates of the number of Orthodox Christians worldwide is approximately 225–300 million.[2] The numerous Protestant groups in the world, if taken all together, outnumber the Orthodox,[3] but they differ theologically and do not form a single communion.[4]

Orthodoxy is the largest single religious faith in Greece (95%) and in Eastern Europe, including Moldova (93%), Georgia (89%), Romania (87%),[5] Belarus (85%), Serbia (84%),[6] Bulgaria (83%), Cyprus (80%), Ukraine (80%),[7] Russia (75%),[8] Montenegro (74%),[9] and Macedonia (65%).

The number of Orthodox adherents represents about 38% of the population in Bosnia and Herzegovina. In Albania the adherents number around 7%[10] of the population. As the dominant religion in northern Kazakhstan, it represents 20% of Kazakhstan, and 4% of Lithuania and 13% of the Estonian population. Large Orthodox Christian communities exist in the Mediterranean countries of Lebanon (8% of the whole Lebanese population)[10] Jordan (80% of Christian population), Israel, the West Bank and Gaza Strip (Palestinian Christians) with some families able to trace their ancestry to the earliest Christians of the Holy Land. Orthodox minorities live in Poland, Slovakia, Hungary (Romanian minority), Turkey and Azerbaijan.

In addition, there are also significant Eastern Orthodox communities in the rest of Europe (including the transplanted Greek, Romanian, Serbian, Macedonian, Albanian, Bulgarian and Russian communities), Africa, Asia (see the Orthodox Church of China and Orthodox Church of Japan), Australia, and North America through the pattern of immigration from Eastern Europe and the Middle East in the last 400 or some years. In USA and Canada the Orthodox minority is growing and at present comprises between 1% and 5% of the total population.

Ancient Eastern Orthodox communities still have large populations in countries such as Lebanon, Israel and Palestine (Jerusalem and Bethlehem). Large Orthodox communities with ancient histories have been completely removed from some of their ancestral homes and therefore no longer have a presence in those locations, specifically Anatolia and Cappadocia.

Orthodox population by country[edit]

The number of members of the Orthodox Church in each country has been subject to a lot of debate. Each study performed that seeks to discover the number of adherents in a country may use different criteria, and be submitted to different populations. As such, some numbers may be inflated, and therefore inaccurate. Examples of this are Greece and Russia, where estimates of adherence to Orthodoxy may reach 80-98%, but where additional studies find that only 70-80% of the population are confident in a belief in God. The likely reason for this disparity is that many people in these majority Orthodox countries will culturally identify with the Orthodox Church, especially if they were baptized as children. This includes those who may be irreligious, yet culturally identify with the Orthodox Church, or for whom Orthodox Christianity is listed on official state records. Other cases of incongruent data also might be due to counting ethnic groups from Orthodox countries rather than actual adherents. A case of this is the United States, which has large numbers of immigrants from Orthodox countries. The variety of Orthodox jurisdictions often reported large numbers of members, which together would total 2-3 million across the country. However, a 2010 study by Alexei Krindatch sought data from each parish, with the specific criteria of annual participation. This extensive study produced the "Atlas of American Orthodox Christian Churches", and discovered that despite previously inflated numbers of several million, there were only about 817,000 Eastern Orthodox Christians (including traditions not recognized by mainstream organizations) in the United States. The study explained that such a difference was due to a variety of circumstances, including the counting of ethnic populations who might have immigrated from Orthodox countries, or who might have ancestry from such countries. This study, while initially controversial, proved groundbreaking, and has since been officially approved for use by the Assembly of Canonical Orthodox Bishops of North and Central America.

As such, any data used to figure the population of Orthodox per nation, should be understood as estimated rather than exact. Additionally, total numbers of Orthodox Christians throughout the world may be anywhere from 150 million to 300 million, depending on the studies and definitions which are used.

Eastern Orthodox Church by country
Country Total Population  % Eastern Orthodox Eastern Orthodox total
 Albania (details) 2,921,977 24% 700,000 [11]
 Armenia (details) 3,262,200 NA 1,200
 Australia (details) 23,071,313 2.6% 599,854
 Austria (details) 8,414,638 2.1% 180,000
 Azerbaijan (details) 9,356,500 2.5% 233,913
 Belarus (details) 9,457,500 48.3% 4,567,973
 Bosnia & Herzegovina (details) 3,839,737 38% 1,459,100
 Bulgaria (details) 7,364,570 75.4% 5,552,886
 Canada (details) 33,476,688 1.5% 502,150
 Croatia (details) 4,284,889 4% 171,396
 Cyprus (details) 1,117,000 70% 781,900
 Czech Republic (details) 10,513,209 0.50% 52,566
 Egypt (details) 84,550,000 0.50% 350,000
 Estonia (details) 1,286,540 13% 167,250
 Finland (details) 5,421,827 1.10% 59,640
 Georgia (details) 4,483,800 83.9% 3,761,908
 Germany (details) 80,399,300 1.5% 1,216,000
 Greece (details) 10,815,197 75% [Note 1] 8,111,398
 Guatemala (details) 15,438,384 4.34% 670,000
 Israel (details) 8,002,300 0.67% 53,775
 Italy (details) 59,685,227 1.6% 954,964
 Japan (details) 126,659,683 1.6% 30,000
 Jordan (details) 6,508,887 4% 260,355
 Kyrgyzstan (details) 5,550,239 17% 943,541
 Latvia (details) 2,027,000 17.8% 360,806
 Lebanon (details) 4,224,000 10% 425,600
 Lithuania (details) 2,966,954 4% 118,678
 Macedonia (details) 2,058,539 64.8% 1,333,933
 Mexico (details) 117,409,830 0.00012% 15,000
 Moldova (details) 3,559,500 93.3% 3,321,014
 Montenegro (details) 625,266 72.07% 456,290
 Poland (details) 38,186,860 1% 381,869
 Romania (details) 18,631,386 85.9% 16,004,361
 Russia (details) [Note 2] 143,400,000 70% 100,380,000
 Serbia (details) [Note 3] 8,920,734 68.44% 6,105,747
 Slovakia (details) 5,410,836 0.90% 48,698
 Slovenia (details) 2,055,496 4.43% 90,853
 Spain (details) 47,265,321 3.10% 1,500,000
 Sweden (details) 9,555,893 1% 95,559
  Switzerland (details) 8,014,000 1.8% 144,252
 Syria (details) 22,530,746 5% 1,100,000
 Tajikistan (details) 8,000,000 2% 160,000
 Turkey (details) 75,627,384 .00005% 4,000
 Turkmenistan (details) 5,125,693 9% 461,312
 Ukraine (details) 44,854,065 72% 32,294,927
 United States (details) 316,149,000 0.25% 817,528 [12]
 Uzbekistan (details) 29,559,100 5% 1,477,955
Total 1,459,006,208 13.8% 202,980,481


Eastern Orthodox Church by jurisdiction[edit]

Autocephalous Orthodox Churches[edit]

Eastern Orthodox Church by jurisdiction
Jurisdiction Adherents Bishops Priests Monastics Monasteries Parishes
Constantinople (details) 5,200,000 [Note 4] 125 NA 1,800 [Note 5] 142 648
Alexandria (details) 1,200,000 41 NA NA NA NA
Antioch (details) 2,000,000 36 NA NA NA NA
Jerusalem (details) 700,000 20 NA NA NA NA
Russia (details) 150,000,000 217 30,675 NA 807 30,142
Georgia (details) 3,500,000 37 437 NA NA 600
Bulgaria (details) 10,000,000 15 1,500 NA 120 2,600
Serbia (details) 11,000,000 44 NA NA 49 3,100
Romania (details) 17,000,000 53 15,068 7605 359 15,717
Cyprus (details) 700,000 16 NA NA 67 NA
Greece (details) 6,000,000 [Note 6] 101 10,000 3,541 [13] 541 [13] NA
Albania (details) 700,000 6 135 NA 150 909
Poland (details) 600,000 12 NA NA NA 400
Czech Lands & Slovakia (details) 100,000 6 NA NA NA 172
Orthodox Church in America (details) 85,000 10 NA NA 20 700
Total 208,785,000 729 54,382 12,946 2,236 54,239

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Data is estimated, Greece is said to be 98% Orthodox, but additional studies found only 60-80% believe in God, if true, then no more than 80% may be Orthodox.
  2. ^ Data is estimated, studies list Russia's population between 40% & 90% Orthodox. Studies have also found between 60% & 70% believe in God. If true, then no more than 70% can be Orthodox as such requires a belief in God.
  3. ^ Includes Kosovo
  4. ^ Almost half the population of Greece is under the jurisdiction of Constantinople, this church also has half a million members in the United States, half a million in Guatemala and under half a million in Australia. Some estimates put crypto-membership in Turkey in the millions, but that is unconfirmed.
  5. ^ This is only including Mount Athos
  6. ^ A little over half of the population in Greece belong to the Church of Greece, while the rest belong to the Ecumenical Patriarchate

References[edit]

  1. ^ Major Branches of Religions Ranked by Number of Adherents
  2. ^ Orthodox Affiliation
  3. ^ Jay Diamond, Larry. Plattner, Marc F. and Costopoulos, Philip J. World Religions and Democracy. 2005, page 119.(also in PDF file[dead link], p49), saying "Not only do Protestants presently constitute 13 percent of the world's population—about 800 million people—but since 1900 Protestantism has spread rapidly in Africa, Asia, and Latin America."
  4. ^ Major Branches of Religions
  5. ^ content
  6. ^ Republicki Zavod za statistiky – Republike Srbije
  7. ^ CIA – The World Factbook – Field Listing – Religions
  8. ^ "Russian Public Opinion Research Center". Archived from the original on 2007-10-18. Retrieved 2007-11-10. (Russian)
  9. ^ Popis stanovništva 2003 – Zavod za statistiku Crne Gore (in Montenegrin)[dead link]
  10. ^ a b http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Religion_in_Albania#Religious_demography.
  11. ^ CNEWA - Autocephalous Orthodox Church of Albania
  12. ^ Krindatch, Alexei (2011). Atlas of American Orthodox Christian Churches. Brookline, MA: Holy Cross Orthodox Press. p. 143. ISBN 978-1-935317-23-4. 
  13. ^ a b CNEWA – Church of Greece