Eastern Shore (Nova Scotia)
- For the provincial electoral district, see Eastern Shore (electoral district)
The Eastern Shore is a scenic, yet sparsely settled area, hosting dozens of small fishing harbours and communities; in recent decades the region has become home to a growing number of cottages and recreational properties, given the amount of unspoiled sand beaches and dramatic coastlines. The shore also hosts the majority of Nova Scotia's small islands.
The western end of the Eastern Shore borders on the Dartmouth side of the urban core of the Halifax Regional Municipality (HRM) and which is experiencing urban sprawl. The provincial scenic travelway, the "Marine Drive", runs on Trunk 7, Trunk 16, Route 207, Route 211, Route 316, Route 322, and Route 344 through most centres along the shore.
The tourism industry is concentrated near popular beaches and provincial parks such as Lawrencetown, Clam Harbour, and Martinique, as well as the centrally-located service communities of Musquodoboit Harbour, Sheet Harbour, Sherbrooke, Canso, Guysborough and Mulgrave. Popular tourist attractions include the Liscombe Lodge resort and conference centre at Liscomb Mills and the Historic Sherbrooke Village at Sherbrooke.
The Battle at Jeddore (1722) is one of the many historic events to occur along the shore.
Politically the Eastern Shore is part of three federal ridings: Cape Breton—Canso at the eastern end, Central Nova, and Sackville—Eastern Shore at the western end. The provincial ridings include Eastern Shore, Guysborough-Sheet Harbour, as well as several ridings in the eastern part of HRM's urban core (south and east of Dartmouth).
In the Halifax Regional Municipality, the Eastern Shore is represented on Halifax Regional Council as District 1 Eastern Shore - Musquodoboit Valley and District 3 Preston - Lawrencetown - Chezzetcook .
Most of the Eastern Shore of N.S. consists of sandstone and shale bedrock, forming rolling hills (up to 75m high), deep, narrow harbours including Sheet Harbour, Ship Harbour, Country Harbour and Jeddore Harbour, and many offshore islands, of which the largest are Wolfe's Island and Charles Island. In total the Eastern Shore features well over a hundred islands.
Approximately 12 kilometers inland from the Atlantic is the Eastern Shore Granite Ridge. This expansive area of 350-million-year-old granite bedrock is over 80 km long, and about 10 kilometeres wide. Running from Waverley to Tangier Grand Lake, it features exposed granite summits, some of which exceed 125 meters in elevation, and many lakes.
- Duncan MacMillan High School
- Eastern Shore District High School
- Oyster Pond Academy (P-9)
- Gaetz Brook Junior High School
- Porters Lake Elementary
- O'Connell Drive Elementary School
- Sherbrooke Academy
The Eastern Shore is home to numerous historic gold mining areas near Port Dufferin, Tangier, Sherbrooke, and Goldboro, as well as Nova Scotia's most historic seaport, the town of Canso. Canso predates Halifax, Lunenburg and Annapolis Royal as one of North America's earliest settlement.
At Sherbrooke, the St. Mary's River empties into the Atlantic and is one of the province's famed Atlantic Salmon runs. Numerous lumber mills operated here during the early 1900s as Nova Scotia entered the 'industrial revolution'.
A railway had been proposed during the 1880s to run east from Dartmouth, however the sparse settlement and lack of industrial economic activity saw the railway line swing north up the Musquodoboit River at Musquodoboit Harbour to access the fertile agricultural district of the Musquodoboit Valley. Another railway project was proposed to run between Pictou and the village of Guysborough and on to Canso during 'the age of sail', when Canso rivaled Halifax as the most important first port of call in Nova Scotia for westbound trans-Atlantic vessels. (Canso is roughly the same distance by rail from the New Brunswick- Nova Scotia border as Halifax).
A rail line was eventually graded and bridges constructed between Pictou and Guysborough during the 1930s, however tracks were never laid and the project was abandoned, leaving most of the Eastern Shore without rail service.
During the post-war period, the provincial government upgraded local roads, resulting in the present Trunk 7 alignment. During the 1980s-1990s, when the rail line was abandoned, the controlled-access Highway 107 two-lane freeway was built from Burnside Industrial Park in Dartmouth to Musquodoboit Harbour, to assist commuters and truck traffic travelling to the east of HRM and to Highway 102 via Highway 118 .
A 1970s regional development project saw the port of Sheet Harbour redeveloped into an important regional deep-water port; the facility is most heavily used during the winter months when the Northumberland Strait port of Pictou is iced in and industrial shippers from Pictou County truck shipments to Sheet Harbour. A large sawmill and industrial greenhouse operation are also located near Sheet Harbour.