Østre Toten

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Østre Toten kommune
Municipality
Østre Toten.jpg
Coat of arms of Østre Toten kommune
Coat of arms
Official logo of Østre Toten kommune
Oppland within
Norway
Østre Toten within Oppland
Østre Toten within Oppland
Coordinates: 60°36′48″N 10°54′58″E / 60.61333°N 10.91611°E / 60.61333; 10.91611Coordinates: 60°36′48″N 10°54′58″E / 60.61333°N 10.91611°E / 60.61333; 10.91611
Country Norway
County Oppland
District Toten
Administrative centre Lena
Government
 • Mayor (2003) Hans Seierstad (Sp)
Area
 • Total 562 km2 (217 sq mi)
 • Land 486 km2 (188 sq mi)
Area rank 189 in Norway
Population (2004)
 • Total 14,657
 • Rank 64 in Norway
 • Density 30/km2 (80/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years) 3.3 %
Demonym Østretotning[1]
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code NO-0528
Official language form Bokmål
Website www.ostre-toten.kommune.no
Data from Statistics Norway

Østre Toten is a municipality in Oppland county, Norway. It is part of the traditional region of Toten. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Lena.

General information[edit]

Name[edit]

The Old Norse form of the name was Þótn. The meaning is unknown (maybe "the pleasant district"). The meaning of the name Østre Toten is "(the) eastern (part of) Toten". (The parish Toten was divided in 1825.)[2]

See also: Vestre Toten

Coat-of-arms[edit]

The coat-of-arms is from modern times. They were granted on 27 March 1987. The arms show a yellow-colored potato plant on a green background. The green color symbolizes the importance of agriculture, and the potato in particular, for the municipality.[3]

History[edit]

According to the sagas, Halfdan Hvitbeinn (Whiteleg) was the first Yngling in Norway. He conquered Romerike, part of Hedmark, part of Vestfold, and Toten. He was killed in Toten around the year 740.[4]

In 1021, according to saga, King Olaf (reigned 1015-1028) converted Toten to Christianity. Also, King Håkon IV (reigned 1217–1263) came to Toten around the year 1226 to settle local unrest.[4]

Christian II (1481-1559) was a Danish monarch and King of Denmark, Norway (1513-1523), and Sweden (1520-1521), under the Kalmar Union. Prior to becoming king, Duke Christian was sent to Norway in 1506 by John II (also called Hans), King of Norway (1483 – 1513) to take charge of the kingdom. In 1507, he became aware of a revolt in Hedmark. In early 1508, he took a force there, routing the rebellion. He then rowed across lake Mjøsa to Toten, capturing residents, imprisoning them in the vaulted cellar of the rectory in Østre Toten and torturing them there. As a result, he determined that Bishop Karl of Hamar had been behind the rebellion. With Bishop Karl as his captive, he was able to suppress the unrest.[4]

Toten was a part of Akershus county until 1756, when it was reassigned to Oppland county. Lauritz Weideman, Corporal Peder Balke, and Nels Dyhren from Toten attended the 1814 constitutional convention at Eidsvold.[4]

The municipality of Østre Toten was established on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). The former municipality of Kolbu was merged with Østre Toten on 1 January 1964.

Geography[edit]

Østre Toten is bordered to the west by Vestre Toten, to the north by Gjøvik in Oppland county, as well as by Hurdal and Eidsvoll in neighboring Akershus county. The highest peak is Torsæterkampen with a height of 841 metres (2,759 ft).

Although some residences are widely spread, most people live in the villages of Skreia, Kapp, Kolbu, Lensbygda, or Lena.

Economy[edit]

Østre Toten is one of the Oppland's most productive farming municipalities. Østre Toten is Norway's largest producers of potatoes and onions. This is reflected in the municipality's coat-of-arms, which displays a potato plant.

The Kims factory (which produces potato chips) is located at Skreia and was invented there.

Attractions[edit]

Hoff stone church

Among the town's most notable landmarks are the Hoff stone church and the rock carvings at Glemmestad near Kapp, now displayed in the Toten Museum.

Notable residents[edit]

Sister cities[edit]

The following cities are twinned with Østre Toten:[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Personnemningar til stadnamn i Noreg" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. 
  2. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1900). Norske gaardnavne: Kristians amt (Anden halvdel) (4 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 49.  (Norwegian)
  3. ^ Norske Kommunevåpen (1990). "Nye kommunevåbener i Norden". Retrieved 2009-01-01. 
  4. ^ a b c d Stagg, Frank Noel (1956). East Norway and its Frontier. George Allen & Unwin, Ltd. 
  5. ^ "Vennskapskommuner". Østre Toten kommune. Retrieved 2009-01-01.  (Norwegian)

External links[edit]