|Østre Toten kommune|
Østre Toten within Oppland
|• Mayor (2003)||Hans Seierstad (Sp)|
|• Total||562 km2 (217 sq mi)|
|• Land||486 km2 (188 sq mi)|
|Area rank||189 in Norway|
|• Rank||64 in Norway|
|• Density||30/km2 (80/sq mi)|
|• Change (10 years)||3.3 %|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|ISO 3166 code||NO-0528|
|Official language form||Bokmål|
The Old Norse form of the name was Þótn. The meaning is unknown (maybe "the pleasant district"). The meaning of the name Østre Toten is "(the) eastern (part of) Toten". (The parish Toten was divided in 1825.)
The coat-of-arms is from modern times. They were granted on 27 March 1987. The arms show a yellow-colored potato plant on a green background. The green color symbolizes the importance of agriculture, and the potato in particular, for the municipality.
According to the sagas, Halfdan Hvitbeinn (Whiteleg) was the first Yngling in Norway. He conquered Romerike, part of Hedmark, part of Vestfold, and Toten. He was killed in Toten around the year 740.
Christian II (1481-1559) was a Danish monarch and King of Denmark, Norway (1513-1523), and Sweden (1520-1521), under the Kalmar Union. Prior to becoming king, Duke Christian was sent to Norway in 1506 by John II (also called Hans), King of Norway (1483 – 1513) to take charge of the kingdom. In 1507, he became aware of a revolt in Hedmark. In early 1508, he took a force there, routing the rebellion. He then rowed across lake Mjøsa to Toten, capturing residents, imprisoning them in the vaulted cellar of the rectory in Østre Toten and torturing them there. As a result, he determined that Bishop Karl of Hamar had been behind the rebellion. With Bishop Karl as his captive, he was able to suppress the unrest.
Toten was a part of Akershus county until 1756, when it was reassigned to Oppland county. Lauritz Weideman, Corporal Peder Balke, and Nels Dyhren from Toten attended the 1814 constitutional convention at Eidsvold.
Østre Toten is bordered to the west by Vestre Toten, to the north by Gjøvik in Oppland county, as well as by Hurdal and Eidsvoll in neighboring Akershus county. The highest peak is Torsæterkampen with a height of 841 metres (2,759 ft).
Østre Toten is one of the Oppland's most productive farming municipalities. Østre Toten is Norway's largest producers of potatoes and onions. This is reflected in the municipality's coat-of-arms, which displays a potato plant.
The Kims factory (which produces potato chips) is located at Skreia and was invented there.
- Allium , sculpture by Sverre Wyller
- May-Britt Anderssen, musician
- Peder Balke, artist
- Eduard Boeckmann, ophthalmologist and physician
- Halvdan Svarte Gudrødsson, Viking king, father of the first King of Norway Harald I and founder of the House of Yngling
- Roger Ruud, ski jumper
- Inger Lise Rypdal, musician
- Margit Sandemo, author
- Eldar Vågan, musician
- - Jammerbugt, Region Nordjylland, Denmark
- - Kesälahti, Itä-Suomi, Finland
- - Rättvik, Dalarna County, Sweden
- "Personnemningar til stadnamn i Noreg" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet.
- Rygh, Oluf (1900). Norske gaardnavne: Kristians amt (Anden halvdel) (in Norwegian) (4 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 49.
- Norske Kommunevåpen (1990). "Nye kommunevåbener i Norden". Retrieved 2009-01-01.
- Stagg, Frank Noel (1956). East Norway and its Frontier. George Allen & Unwin, Ltd.
- "Vennskapskommuner" (in Norwegian). Østre Toten kommune. Retrieved 2009-01-01.
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