Eastern University, Sri Lanka

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Eastern University, Sri Lanka
கிழக்குப் பல்கலைக்கழகம், இலங்கை
නැගෙනහිර විශ්වවිද්‍යාලය, ශ්‍රී ලංකා
EUSL logo2.png
Motto Per ardua ad scientiam (Latin)
Established 1 August 1981 (1981-08-01)
Type Public University
Budget Rs. 478 million (2013) [1]
Chancellor Professor Yoga Rasanayagam
Vice-Chancellor Dr. Kiddnan Kobindarajah
Students 1110 new admissions per year (2013) [2]
Location Vantharumoolai, Eastern Province, Sri Lanka
7°47′51.40″N 81°34′55.20″E / 7.7976111°N 81.5820000°E / 7.7976111; 81.5820000Coordinates: 7°47′51.40″N 81°34′55.20″E / 7.7976111°N 81.5820000°E / 7.7976111; 81.5820000
Former names Batticaloa University College (1981-1986)
Affiliations UGC - Sri Lanka
Ministry of Higher Education
Website esn.ac.lk

The Eastern University, Sri Lanka (abbreviated as EUSL) is a public university located in Vantharumoolai, Eastern Province, Sri Lanka. It was established on 1 October 1986. The University was preceded by the Batticaloa University College established on 1 August 1981 which was started in the buildings of the Vantharumoolai Madya Maha Vidyalayam.

At present, the Eastern University, Sri Lanka is having a main campus located at Vantharumoolai, another campus (Trincomalee Campus) located at Trincomalee and an Institute (Swami Vipulananda Institute of Aesthetic Studies(SVIAS)) located at Kalladi with the facilities of Library Network, Centre for Information and Communication Technology and Sports.

The university, like all public universities in Sri Lanka, receives the bulk of its funding from the University Grants Commission (UGC) which is a part of the Ministry of Higher Education in Colombo. Therefore The UGC and the central government exert a great deal of control over the university.

History[edit]

Administration Block, EUSL

The idea of having a Tamil University on the lines of Hebrew University of Israel in the Eastern Province was mooted in 1960 by a group of professors who were teaching at the University of Ceylon. The project was started by purchasing land near Nilaveli, Trincomalee and was abandoned later due to lack of funds. The project was started again by K.W. Devanayakam, the former home minister of the UNP government with the collaboration of Kalpage, Minister of Higher Education during 1981.

The Eastern University, Sri Lanka, was established on 1 October 1986 by a University Order dated 26 September 1986 which was issued under Section 2 of the Universities Act No: 16 of 1978 by the Central Government. The University was preceded by the Batticaloa University College established on 1 August 1981. The Batticaloa University College itself was established to fill a long felt need for the development of a Higher Education Institution in the Eastern Province. Its establishment was recommended by a Committee appointed by the University Grants Commission headed by Professor V.Appapillai, retired Professor of Physics and Dean of Science, University of Peradeniya and included Professor R.S.Ramakrishna, Professor Y.D.A.Senanayake, Professor S.T.Fernando, Mr.S.H.M.Jameel and Mr.Dixon Nilaweera.

Mr.K.W.Devanayagam, who at the time was Member of Parliament for Kalkudah electorate and Minister of Justice, took a personal interest in the establishment of the Batticaloa University College. The University College was established in the premises of the Vantharumoolai Madhya Maha Vidyalayam, a school built by the late Mr.V.Nalliah, Minister for Posts and Telecommunication, Member of Parliament for Kalkudah electorate and Member of the Senate Council for Batticaloa North. The buildings had been badly damaged by cyclone of 1978 and were repaired and progressively restructured to suit the purposes of a new University College. In addition, over 100 acres of land have been added to the original campus. Student hostels and staff quarters have been constructed on this land and many new buildings are planned.

The Batticaloa University College began with two faculties: The Faculty of Science and the Faculty of Agriculture and both of these faculties were affiliated to the University of Peradeniya. Professor S.Rajaratnam was appointed as the Director of the College and he functioned in this capacity until February 1985. Mr.K.Rajendra functioned as the first Secretary of the College. He was succeeded by Mr.P.Sangaravel in June 1983. Professor K.D. Arulpragasam appointed as Professor S.Rajaratnam as Director of the College in April 1985. He successfully negotiated upgrading of the University College to an independent University and was appointed the first Vice-Chancellor, when the University came into being in October 1986. Mr.S.H.M.Jameel was appointed as the first Registrar of the University.

Two new faculties viz. the Faculty of Commerce & Management with the Departments of Economics, Commerce & Management, and the Faculty of Cultural Studies with the Departments of Arabic, Islamic Studies and Fine Arts were established in 1988. The Faculty of Cultural Studies was then expanded to include the Department of Languages the Department of Geography and the Department of Social Science and renamed as Faculty of Arts & Culture in 1991.

The Trincomalee Campus of the University was originally established as Trincomalee Affiliated University College (AUC) in April 1993 under ordinance No-01of 1993 by the Universities Act No.16 of 1978, section 24A. Then the Trincomalee Campus of the Eastern University was established with effect from 15 June 2001 by a Gazette notification which was dated on 6 June 2001.

The Swami Vipulananda College of Music and Dance (SVCMD) was established in 1981 by the Ministry of Regional Affairs and Hindu Culture. Subsequently the SVCMD was ceremonially handed over to the Ministry of Higher Education by the Ministry of Cultural Affairs on 20 April 2001. It was affiliated to the Eastern University, Sri Lanka in 1 January 2002, and the University Grants Commission permitted the Eastern University, Sri Lanka to enroll Diploma Holders of the Swami Vipulananda College of Music and Dance for a degree programme in the Department of Fine Arts. Then the SVCMD was renamed as Swami Vipulananda Institute of Aesthetic Studies (SVIAS) and established by the Gazette Notification of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka (No. 1392/22 of 03.06.2005) under the order made by the section 24 B of the University Act. No 16 of 1978.

The government of Sri Lanka has by Gazette notification dated 23 November 2005 established the Faculty of Health-Care Sciences of the Eastern University, Sri Lanka. The initial programme conducted by the university in Human Health Sciences before the establishment of this faculty was the Post Basic Diploma in Nursing. But after the establishment of this faculty at Batticaloa in the silver jubilee year (2006) of the university, the 1st Batch of students for Medicine were enrolled. The course commenced on June 2006. And the first batch of students for BSc. Nursing were enrolled and the course was commenced in 2008.

In January 2011, the Minister of Higher Education having come to the conclusion that the affairs of the Eastern University have been seriously squandered due to mismanagement, and appointed a Competent Authority replacing the Council of the University. The Competent Authority so appointed was Mr.Ranjith Arthenayake, who had been the Vice-Chancellor of the Open University of Sri Lanka from 1994 to 2000.

The decadent approaches taken by the interim Acting Vice-Chancellor in the 2010/2011 period were brought to the limelight through the UGC Investigations in 2011. Despite many objections from the academic community, the acting vice-chancellor (K. Premakumar) continued on with backing from local supports. Notable criticism by the public and observers was the lack of transparency in this institution on matters related to academic and financial management. Thus the continuing interventions by the UGC is expected to rectify this situation.

The applications for thr post of vice-chancellor was called in late 2011, and the selection was made in Feb 2012. It was expected Dr.Somasuntharam Sutharsan, who is an Eastern University product, would have succeeded to the chair of vice-chancellor. Dr. Sutharsan was considered to be the favourite candidate of the Local Politicians. However, in February 2012,[3] Dr.Kiddnan Kobindarajah who is also a student from Eastern University was appointed as Vice-Chancellor on 5 March 2012. Dr. Kobintharajah obtained his PhD from a scholarship from the EUSL, and then due to personal problems left the country to the West. He eventually became a naturalized Canadian Citizen.

Former vice-chancellors of the Eastern University, Sri Lanka are: Prof K D Arudpragasam(1986-1989) Prof S Sandanam(1989-1995) Prof G F Rajendram(1995-1998) Dr C Y Thangarajah. Acting(1998-2000) Prof M S Mookiah(2000-2004) Prof S Raveendranath(2004-2006) Dr N Pathmanathan(2006-2010) Dr K Premakumar. Acting(2010-2012 March)

Location[edit]

The Eastern region of Sri Lanka where the University is located comprises the districts of Trincomalee, Batticaloa and Ampara, and covers an area of approximately 980,000 ha, about 15% of the total land area of the island. The population of one million is largely rural, with around 75% being engaged in Agriculture and 15% in fishing.

The main administrative block of the Eastern University, Sri Lanka (senate building) is located in Vantharumoolai, Chenkalady, which is on the Batticaloa - Pollanaruwa main road, about 18 km North of Batticaloa town and four faculties Viz: Faculty of Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Faculty of Commerce & Management and Faculty of Arts & Culture are housed here. Faculty of Health-Care Sciences is situated 15 km away from Vantharumooali in Batticaloa town which is offering MBBS and BSc Nursing Degrees. Swami Vipulananda Institute of Aesthetic Studies is situated 3 km away from the Faculty of Health Care Sciences in Kallady Uppodai which is offering BFA in Music, Dance, Drama & Theatre Arts and Visual & Technological Arts. Trincomalee Campus is located 180 km away from the Vantharumoolai at Konesapuri in Trincomalee district having two faculties & one unit Viz: Faculty of Communication and Business studies, Faculty of Applied Sciences and Siddha Medicine Unit.

Faculties and Degree Programmes[edit]

At present, following faculties are functioning and offering the relevant degrees:

Main Campus

Faculty of Science

                         B.Sc (Special) & B.Sc (General)

Faculty of Agriculture

                         B.Sc in Agriculture

Faculty of Commerce and Management

                         B.BA, B.Com & B.Econ

Faculty of Arts and Culture

                         B.A (General) & B.A (Special)

Faculty of Health Care Sciences

                         M.B.B.S & B.Sc in Nursing

Trincomalee Campus

Faculty of Communication and Business Studies

                         B.A(Communication)
                         B.A (Languages)
                         B.Sc (Marketing Management)
                         B.Sc (Human Resource Management)
                         B.M

Faculty of Applied Science

                         B.Sc (Computer Science)

Siddha Medicine Unit

                         B.S.M.S

Swami Vipulanantha Institute of Aesthetic Studies(SWIAS)

                         B.FA (Music)
                         B.FA (Dance)
                         B.FA (Visual & Technological Arts)

Administration and Staff[edit]

The administration of the entire university is mainly managed by the University Council and the senate. The council members are of two types: Ex-Officio Members & Appointed Members by the UGC. Other than these main two bodies, there are Faculty Boards for each and every faculties under the control of faculty deans and the heads of the departments. And other important Committees of the university are: SENIOR MANAGEMENT COMMITTEE, LEAVE & AWARDS COMMITTEE, FINANCE COMMITTEE and AUDIT COMMITTE.

In the administration, the Vice Chancellor is the Chief Executive Officer and the Academic and Administrative Head of the all activities of the university whereas the Registrar is being the manager of all non academic administration. Administration Branch, Examination Branch, Establishment (Academic), Establishment (Non-Academic), Welfare Branch, Internal Audit Branch, Supply Branch, Accounts Branch, Payments Branch, Capital Works and Maintenance Branch of the university are being under control of the registrar. The current Registrar of the EUSL is Mr.K.Mahesan

The total number of teaching staff of the eastern university was 165 with 2 professors, 87 senior lectures and 76 lectors in 2011 whereas the total number of non-teaching staff was 308.[4]

University admission and Budget allocation[edit]

The university had 3,416 undergraduate students in 2011 with 1040 new admissions and 490 graduate output whereas Swami Vipulanantha Institute of Aesthetic Studies(SWIAS) had 923 undergaraduate students with 227 new admissions and 45 graduate output. on the other hand the postgraduate student enrolment in 2011 was 219 with 18 PG diploma, 187 masters/mPhil and 14 PhD. The postgraduate students output were 8 in 2011. The total number of students who were enrolled to the external degree programmes in the eastern university was 1207 with 11 graduated in 2011.[5]

The university has a recurrent allocation of Rs. 475 million[6] and a capital allocation of Rs. 477 million [7] in 2013 budget.

Faculties and Departments[edit]

The Eastern University has seven faculties, a unit and an institute.

Main Campus[edit]

Faculty of Science[edit]

The Faculty of Science runs since the establishment of the Batticaloa University College on 1 August 1981. Faculty of Science consists of five Departments, namely, Department of Botany, Department of Chemistry, Department of Mathematics, Department of Physics and Department of Zoology. The Department of Botany and Department of Zoology have a good collection of locally available and imported Species the herbarium (Botany) and Museum (Zoology) to make the teaching more meaningful and fruitful. The Faculty offers the subjects Botany, Chemistry, Applied Mathematics, Pure Mathematics, Computer Science, Physics and Zoology.

The Faculty of Science was allocated a portion of restructured Vantharumoolai Madya Maha Vidyalaya buildings. The building space hardly enough to satisfy the needs of the growing Faculty. The proposed Science complex with five blocks for each department. lies on the opposite site of the administration block. This complex would consist of all modern facilities of the Departments. Department of Chemistry is functioning in the Chemistry block. The Department of Mathematics is also functioning on the Second floor of the Chemistry block.

The Zoology block of the Science complex, is completed, consists of modern lecture halls and laboratories to accommodate additional intake of students. The blocks for the Department of Physics, Botany, Mathematics and administration for the Faculty (Dean Office) will be constructed in the near future.

The present dean of the faculty is Dr. F. C. Ragel.

Faculty of Agriculture[edit]

The establishment of the Faculty of Agriculture in 1981 was a response to the long felt need for sustained development of the region with respect to higher education. The Faculty was also expected to serve as a catalyst for the agricultural and socio-economic development of the region. The agriculture education offered and the agricultural research pursued by the Faculty cater to the special needs of the region as dictated by the specific agro-climatic zone of the country. Therefore, the Faculty of Agriculture has a vital role to play in the up liftment of the social and economic standards of a predominantly rural population, who depend largely on agriculture.

The Faculty of Agriculture consists of six departments: Agricultural Biology, Agricultural Economics, Agricultural Chemistry, Agricultural Engineering, Animal Sciences and Crop Science. The Faculty has established a Centre for Sustainable Agriculture and Resource Management(CENSARM). And the Faculty has well established Crop and Livestock farms, about 15 acres in extent for teaching purposes and for the issue of seed and planting materials and breeding stock of farm animals to the public. Arrangements are being made to expand these activities in another 10 acre farm taken over from the Research Training and Farm Complex of the Department of Agriculture at Karadianaru. Equipment and laboratory facilities for teaching and research are available in each Department of study.

The present dean of the faculty is Dr.S.Sutharsan.

Faculty of Commerce and Management[edit]

The Faculty of Commerce & Management was established in 1988 and offers programmes designed to provide students with a sound understanding of the functions of Business and their inter-relationships. The faculty strives to develop in its students an understanding of nature of modern business, including an awareness of emerging business opportunities and the constraints within those opportunities may be explored. It requires students to apply the analytical skills developed in study of general education to real business situation.

The Faculty comprises the Departments of Management, Commerce and Economics and cross discipline courses between faculties are also available subject to demand and availability of resources. The faculty offers programmes leading to a four years undergraduate degree in Bachelor of Business Administration (BBA), Bachelor of Commerce (B. Com), and Bachelor of Economics (B. Econ). The faculty also offers a four years External Degrees Programmes leading to a Bachelors Degree in Business Administration (BBA) and Commerce (B. Com) and a two years Diploma programme in Business Administration. It offers Postgraduate Diploma in Management leading to Master of Business Administration, which is designed specially to cater the people in service at CEO level and Master in Development Economics.

The present dean of the faculty is MR.N.Logeswaran.

Faculty of Arts and Culture[edit]

Faculty of Cultural Studies with the Departments of Arabic, Islamic Studies and Fine Arts was established in 1988. The Faculty of Cultural Studies was then expanded to include the Departments of Languages, Geography and Social Science in 1991 and renamed as Faculty of Arts & Culture.

At present the Faculty of Arts & Culture consists of nine departments, namely, Department of Arabic, Fine Arts, Geography, Islamic Studies, Languages, Social Sciences, History, Comparative Religion & Social Harmony and Education & Childcare with additional three disciplines, namely, Economics, Christianity & Hindu Civilization. And also the faculty comprises Centre for Early Childhood Care & Development(CECCD) and Centre for Social Research & Development(CSRD).

The faculty offers programmes of undergraduate degree in Bachelor of Arts (BA)- General & special. The faculty also offers Bachelor of Education (B.Ed) special degree, Master of Arts (MA), Master of Education (M.Ed), Master of Philosophy (M.Phil), Doctor of Philosophy, diploma in Preschool Education and Certificate Course In Psychosocial Work.

The present dean(acting) of the faculty is Dr K Rajendram.

Faculty of Health Care Sciences[edit]

Faculty of Healthcare Sciences, EUSL

The concept of establishing a Faculty on Health Sciences has arisen way back in the nineties. In its move, the late President R. Premadasa has taken steps to elevate the General Hospital Batticaloa as a Teaching Hospital in 1993. A committee comprising prominent intellectuals formed the Medical Faculty Committee which included Prof. T. Varagunam (Former Chancellor, EUSL), Dr. J.T. Xavier, Prof. R. Maheswaran, Prof. G.F. Rajendram (then Vice-Chancellor) and Dr. K. Kunanandem to devise the curriculum for the MBBS course.

The government of Sri Lanka has by Gazette notification dated 23 November 2005 established the Faculty of Health-Care Sciences of the Eastern University, Sri Lanka with six departments, namely, Human Biology, Pathophysiology, Clinical Sciences, Primary Health Care, Medical Education & Research and Supplementary Health Sciences. Dr. K. Kunanandem, a London qualified neurosurgeon, was appointed as the first Dean to pioneer the faculty. He was made a member of the University Grants Commission and was entrusted the duty of designing and developing the said faculty. Kunanandham died unexpectedly in London when he was with his family. Therefore the first dean of the faculty was Dr.K. E. Karunakaran, an obstetrician and gynecologist attached to the Teaching Hospital, Batticaloa.

The faculty offers mainly of two courses of studies : Medicine (MBBS) and Nursing (BSc). The first batch of students for MBBS programme was enrolled in 2006 to the Faculty of Health-Care Sciences and the same has graduated with flying colours in 2013.

The present dean of the faculty is Dr.K.T.Sundaresan, Consultant Physician of Teaching Hospital Batticaloa.

Trincomalee Campus[edit]

In its formative years the Trincomalee Campus functioned as an Affiliated University College(AUC) operating under the umbrella of affiliated colleges funded by the University Grants Commission in the early nineties to help those to whom the conventional universities closed their doors. The Trincomalee Affiliated University College, in its turn, conducted two diploma programmes viz. Diploma in English and Diploma in Accountancy and Finance, the former under the supervision of the University of Sri Jayawardenepura and the latter under the supervision of the Eastern University, Sri Lanka.

When the affiliated university college system was abolished, Trincomalee AUC found itself vested with the Eastern University and the two degree programmes initially conducted here then under two different faculties of the Eastern University, Sri Lanka had as their fortunate forerunners the diploma holders of the AUC. Subsequently, this college was got its identity as Trincomalee Campus of the Eastern University, Sri Lanka through a gazette notification from mid 2001 with provision for two faculties, Faculty of Communication & Business Studies and Faculty of Applied Science. From the year 2008 onwards the discipline of siddha medicine is also introduced as a discipline under the direct purview of the Rector of the Campus.

The present Rector of the campus is Dr.N.Varnakulenthiren

Faculty of Applied Sciences[edit]

The Faculty of Applied Sciences of Trincomalee Campus consists of two departments, namely, Department of Computer Science and Physical Science and offers degree of B.Sc in Computer Science.

The present Coordinator of the faulty is Mr.M.Ramanan

Faculty of Communication & Business Studies[edit]

Faculty of Communication and Business studies consists two departments, Department of Languages and Communication Studies and Department of Business and Management Studies. At present Faculty of Communication and Business Studies offers General and Special Degrees in Communication Studies (B.A. in Communication Studies), and three year (General) degree in Languages (B.A. in Languages - English) and General and Special Degrees in Management (B.Sc. Majoring / Special in Accountancy Management/ Marketing Management/ Human Resource Management/ Information Management).

The present dean of the faulty is Dr.S.Raguram.

Unit of Siddha Medicine[edit]

The new discipline Bachelor of Siddha Medicine & Surgery(B.S.M.S.) Degree Course was introduced from 2008/2009 Academic year. The students are being selected by UGC. The allocation of students for 1st year is 20. Presently there are four batches of students are following this study this course comprises theory practical & clinical training. Duration of the course is five (05) years. One year internship is compulsory after completion of degree course. It is a residential course. The lecture daily commence with the spiritual atmosphere of meditation.

The present head of the unit is Dr. N.Varnakulenthiran.

Swami Vipulanantha Institute of Aesthetic Studies(SWIAS)[edit]

The Swami Vipulananda College of Music and Dance (SVCMD) was established in 1981 by the Ministry of Regional Affairs and Hindu Culture. Subsequently the SVCMD was ceremonially handed over to the Ministry of Higher Education on 20 April 2001. It was affiliated to the Eastern University, Sri Lanka in 1 January 2002, and the University Grants Commission permitted the Eastern University, Sri Lanka to enroll Diploma Holders of the Swami Vipulananda College of Music and Dance for a degree programme in the Department of Fine Arts. Then the SVCMD was renamed as Swami Vipulananda Institute of Aesthetic Studies(SVIAS) and established by the Gazette Notification of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka (No. 1392/22 of 03.06.2005) under the order made by the section 24 B of the University Act. No 16 of 1978.

At present, the institute consist of three departments: Carnatic Music, Dance & Drama & Theatre Arts and Visual & Technological Arts and offers Bachelor of Fine Arts(BFA) in Music, Dance and Visual & Technological Arts

The present Director of this Institute is Dr.K.Premakumar.

Student life[edit]

Faculty and alumni[edit]

  • S. Moses, a producer of Tamil Programs in the Sri Lanka Rupavahini Corporation (national Tele-Vision) is a former student of the University. His wife is a lecturer in the Faculty of Arts.
  • "Third Eye" S. Jeyshanker, is attached to the Faculty of Arts as a senior lecturer.
  • Husband and wife team of Mounaguru and Mounaguru of the Faculty of Arts, are known for being long-standing mentors of fine-arts and literature scholars in this region. Sitralega Mounaguru is a well known feminist thinker and is an expert on the sociology of post-war feminine affairs in the North and East of Sri Lanka.
  • Sathananthan, a botanist; obtained the honour of being the recipient of the first ever PhD from the Eastern University of Sri Lanka.
  • S. Senthilnathan is the first ever PhD holder in Finance from the Massey University, New Zealand.

References[edit]

External links[edit]