Eastern Virginia Medical School

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Coordinates: 36°51′38.00″N 76°18′9.08″W / 36.8605556°N 76.3025222°W / 36.8605556; -76.3025222

Eastern Virginia Medical School
Seal of EVMS
Motto Teaching, Discovering, Caring
Established 1973
Type Public / Private university
Endowment US $53.3 million[1]
President Richard V. Homan, MD
Dean Richard V. Homan, MD
Students 1,118
Undergraduates 30
Postgraduates 481 (excluding doctoral students)
Doctoral students 607
Location Norfolk, Virginia
Campus Urban, 500 acres (2.02 km2)
Website www.evms.edu

Eastern Virginia Medical School commonly referred to as EVMS, in Norfolk, Virginia, United States is a public-private medical school founded by grassroots efforts in the southeastern part of Virginia known as Hampton Roads. Unlike the other public medical schools in Virginia, EVMS is not affiliated with an undergraduate institution and coordinates training through multiple medical centers in the Hampton Roads region. The school is dedicated solely to graduate biomedical and health education. The EVMS campus includes the 555-bed Sentara Norfolk General Hospital, the region's only tertiary level 1 trauma medical care facility, and the 212-bed Children's Hospital of The King's Daughters, a regional pediatric referral care facility and only stand alone children's hospital in the state. EVMS is the first institution in the US to have produced a viable fetus through in vitro fertilization. EVMS is most known for its reproductive medicine, simulation/standardized-patient education as well as research in pediatrics, geriatrics, diabetes, and cancer. In addition, EVMS is well known for its leadership in community service and medical missions, as evidenced by faculty and alumni responsible for the founding of Operation Smile, Physicians for Peace, Global Brigades, and CONRAD.

Approximately 5,000 applicants apply to the EVMS MD program every year for a total class size of 150. As a result, the EVMS MD program has an admission rate of 3% making it extremely competitive. The class size of the MD class of 2012 is 146 with 51% of the class as in-state and 49% as out-of-state. Following its commitment to train Hampton Roads residents, 21% of the entering class originated from Hampton Roads.[2]

On January 10, 2013, it was announced that Harry Lester was to step down as president and would be succeeded by the school's dean and provost, Richard V. Homan, MD effective April 15, 2013.[3] Homan currently serves jointly as the school's president, dean of the medical school and provost.

Eastern Virginia Medical School's MD Program is currently ranked 55th in Best Medical Schools: Primary Care by US News & World Report. Its Physician Assistant Program is ranked 25th in the nation.[4]

History[edit]

In 1824, Thomas Jefferson remarked that Norfolk would be an ideal location for a medical school branch of his alma mater, The College of William & Mary, albeit for its less than desirable climate. He wrote “No sir, Richmond is no place to furnish subjects for clinical lectures. I have always had Norfolk in view for this purpose. The climate and Pontine country around Norfolk render it truly sickly in itself.”[5] However, this early conception would not come to fruition.

In the 1960s the metropolitan area of Southeastern Virginia known as Hampton Roads recognized that the region did not have enough physicians to support its growing population. In an attempt to close the gap, area leaders decided to found a regional medical school, to both attract physicians from outside areas and to produce "home-grown" practitioners. It was thought that a University medical center operating in conjunction with previously operating regional health care facilities would effectively end the shortage and more importantly, bring a bevy of experts and specialists to the area. The idea gained the support of the Virginia General Assembly and the city councils of Chesapeake, Hampton, Newport News, Norfolk, Portsmouth, Suffolk and Virginia Beach. In 1964, the General Assembly authorized the formation of what was then known as the Norfolk Area Medical Center Authority.

In 1970 fundraising by the EVMS foundation began the collection of funds for the creation of EVMS. Before acceptance of its first class, more than $17 million had been donated from community and business leaders. In 1973, Eastern Virginia Medical School accepted its first class. The following year, the EVMS Office of Graduate Medical Education was established to coordinate residency and fellowship training programs. EVMS has since graduated its 30th class of physicians, with one in four of all local physicians having some connection to the University and, additionally has produced many other medical professionals to satisfy the ever-growing need for health care workers. In the spring of 2008, the Commonwealth of Virginia approved appropriating capital outlay funds to EVMS to allow it to increase its doctoral student enrollment by 30% and its physician assistant program by 60%. When this expansion is completed, the total student enrollment will rise to approximately 1,000.

Throughout its history, the merger of the school with nearby Old Dominion University or The College of William and Mary has been raised but never carried out. Both of these universities had joint programs with EVMS throughout its history. In 2007 EVMS and ODU created a formal cooperation agreement to share resources strategically in hopes of attracting strong faculty and obtaining grants.[6] However, on July 25, 2012, EVMS made a joint announcement with The College of William & Mary that the two schools are considering merging so that EVMS would become the William & Mary School of Medicine. Any such merger would have to be confirmed by the two schools and then confirmed by the Virginia General Assembly and the Governor.[7] A pilot relationship, supported by $200,000 grant in the Virginia budget, was subsequently agreed upon by both universities to examine this possible union in reality.[8]

Campus[edit]

Eastern Virginia Medical Campus

Eastern Virginia Medical School is located in Norfolk, VA, near downtown and the historic neighborhood of Ghent. The school is part of the Eastern Virginia Medical Center, which also includes the afformentioned hospitals and affiliated satellite buildings, along with a "Medical Tower," that has many private practice medical offices. The Center is bounded by Colley Avenue, Brambleton Avenue, Hampton Boulevard, and Redgate Avenue. The Tide light-rail system connects the campus with downtown Norfolk and points east to the Virginia Beach city line. The campus facilities include:

  • Sentara Norfolk General Hospital - The region's primary tertiary care referral center and only Level One trauma center. The 555-bed hospital serves as the major teaching hospital for EVMS students and residents.
  • Sentara Heart Hospital - ranked 38th in the nation for cardiac care, this 6-story, 112-bed new addition to Norfolk General accommodates the most specialized cardiac procedures and treatments
  • Children's Hospital of the King's Daughters - The regions only free-standing children's hospital, this non-profit, 212-bed facility includes the full slate of pediatric specialists.
  • Lewis Hall – Named for Richmond philanthropists and early EVMS supporters Frances and Sydney Lewis, Eastern Virginia’s primary education and research facility. Funding was allocated by the state to provide extensive renovation to this original campus building.
Brickell Medical Sciences Library
  • Edward E. Brickell Medical Sciences Library - State-of-the-art facility with an advanced information infrastructure allowing access to a host of digital resources. The Library opened in March 2000, and houses the original Moorman Memorial Library collection, a computer lab, a computer classroom, historical collections, archives, and group and individual study seating. The library including the study rooms and computer labs were updated as part of the campus wide renovation project that was completed in 2011.
  • Hofheimer Hall – Named in honor of Elise and Henry Clay Hofheimer II. This building has recently undergone massive renovation, consolidating all clinical departmental clinics of EVMS Health Services under one roof.
  • Andrews Hall (formerly Fairfax Hall) – Houses a variety of educational and administrative offices, including the Office of the President and the Office of Development. After a complete renovation in 2010, it was renamed after the late founders and brothers, Bill and Mason Andrews.
The Jones Institute for Reproductive Medicine
  • The Jones Institute for Reproductive Medicine – Named after Georgeanna Seegar Jones and Howard W. Jones, EVMS faculty members who pioneered in vitro fertilization, this facility opened in 1992. The new building brought together in one location the 150 physicians, scientists, and staff of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology's renowned division of reproductive medicine. This Center is best known for production of America's first "test-tube baby" and also is the location of CONRAD (Contraceptive Research and Development) laboratories.
  • Center for Pediatric Research - A facility on the South Campus which was opened in conjunction with The Children’s Hospital of The King’s Daughters. Ongoing research includes topics such as vaccinations, asthma and antibiotics. Several CHKD outpatient offices are also located within this building.
  • Smith-Rogers Hall – Originally part of Leigh Memorial Hospital, this building served in the early 1970s as the temporary home for EVMS while Lewis Hall was being constructed. Today it houses EVMS administrative offices, including the Human Resources Department and the Office of Marketing & Communications.
  • E.V. Williams Hall - Located on the South Campus and named after a local benefactor, this is home to the Department of Internal Medicine's Division of Endocrinology and Diabetes and The Strelitz Diabetes Institute. This center provides education, in-patient and outpatient care, and research focused on minimizing complications of diabetes and finding a cure.
  • Harry T. Lester Hall - Recently completed in the Fall of 2011, this additional educational and research space was built to accommodate the growing need for future medical personnel predicted by the AAMC. EVMS has been actively increasing enrollment, specifically in the MD and MPA programs, as well as augmenting the current research programs at the university. Specifically, this building houses new research laboratories, the Leroy T. Canoles Jr. Cancer Research Center and the Center for Simulation and Immersive Learning (which incorporates the pre-existing Theresa A. Thomas Professional Skills Teaching and Assessment Center; one of the first and most well-known standardized patient laboratories). The building initially had the moniker "Medical Education and Research Building," but was renamed for the popular president when he retired after 13 years of service. Mr. Lester is credited with achieving parity with other Virginia medical schools in terms of state support for educational programs in addition to garnering the $59 million in capital funds for the building (a first for EVMS).[9]
  • Norfolk Public Health Building - The headquarters of the Norfolk's Public Health department and a branch of the Virginia Department of Health, this building hosts many free clinics and is also the location of the Norfolk Medical Examiner/Coroner's office.

Auxiliary Campus Sites

Although students and residents primarily rotate through the Eastern Virginia Medical Campus facilities, they will occasionally be positioned in one of the many affiliated or community hospitals. These institutions are listed below.

Academics[edit]

Eastern Virginia Medical School offers a wide variety of medical programs including:

Graduate medical education[edit]

Fully accredited residencies at EVMS include:

Fully accredited fellowships at EVMS include:

-Adult Fellowships-

-Pediatric Fellowships-

Major research centers[edit]

The George L. Wright Jr. Proteomics Lab, a leader in the field, is now housed within this new center for cancer research. The center also includes a Biorepository that collects, processes and stores biological specimens and associated data. The Biorepository currently has 70,000 human samples available. The center is named in honor of Norfolk lawyer, community leader and philanthropist Leroy T. "Buddy" Canoles Jr.

One of only a handful in the country that integrates task trainers, computerized manikins, virtual interfaces and standardized patients (people trained to portray patients) to create more realistic training scenarios. The new center incorporates the preexisting Theresa A. Thomas Professional Skills Teaching and Assessment Center, which helped pioneer the use of standardized patient education. In addition, a 3-D Virtual Reality lab known as "The Cave" is under construction. This system allows physicians and those in training to simulate real-life medical and physiological situations in an interactive/immersive, computer-based arena.

As a Division of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology and the Jones Institute, CONRAD is one of the campuses leading research organizations. The group recently was awarded a $100 million grant for work on Microbicides, which are products in development that will eventually come in a variety of forms (such as topical gels, creams, tablets, films and pills) to prevent sexual transmission of HIV and potentially other sexually transmitted infections.

As described above, the Jones Institute was the first American body to perform In Vitro Fertilization. It continues today to further reproductive and endocrine research.

As a leader in research for Diabetes, the Strelitz Diabetes Center has made several important findings. Dr Aaron Vinik, one of the leading researchers in the field, discovered the importance of INGAP gene, which plays a role on pancreatic insulin cell regeneration.

  • The Virginia Academy of Sleep Medicine

Staffed by several EVMS physicians and scientists, this organization strives to educate health professionals in the discipline of sleep medicine, seeking to improve the quality of life and health of patients who suffer from sleep-related disorders. Several sleep-labs scattered throughout the region allow practitioners to evaluate, treat and research these afflictions.

  • M. Foscue Brock Institute for Community and Global Health[10]

Established in 2012 with a $3 million gift from Macon and Joan Brock, founders of Dollar Tree Inc., the institute serves as a center for interdisciplinary collaboration for both community and global health outreach. It will bring experts, faculty and students together to further the mission of the school and that is to be the most community oriented medical school in the nation. Karen Remley, MD, MBA, the former Virginia Health Commissioner, will serve as the founding director of the institute starting on March 18, 2013.[11]

Governance[edit]

As EVMS has a unique public/private structure unlike most schools in Virginia, the structure of the Board of Visitors is also unique.

  • two non-legislative members to be appointed at large by the Governor of Virginia
  • two non-legislative members to be appointed by the Senate Committee on Rules
  • three non-legislative members to be appointed by the Speaker of the Virginia House of Delegates
  • six members to be appointed by the Eastern Virginia Medical School Foundation
  • four members who shall be appointed by their respective city councils as follows:
-two members from the City of Norfolk
-one member from the City of Virginia Beach
-one member appointed by the following city councils in a rotating manner beginning with the City of Chesapeake, the City of Hampton, the City of Portsmouth, the City of Suffolk and the City of Newport News

As part of the 2008 Virginia General Assembly session, a compromise was reached in order to include EVMS in Governor Tim Kaine's $1.43 Billion bond to finance renovation and construction at Virginia's universities, state colleges, and government facilities. In the compromise, EVMS would allow seven of its Board of Visitors to be appointed by the Governor, House, and Senate of Virginia in order to meet the definition of a public university which some state legislators did not believe EVMS currently fit.

Local health initiatives[edit]

The vision of Eastern Virginia Medical School has been plainly stated to be "recognized as the most community-oriented medical school in the nation." This is largely a product of the school's founding principles and origins; fostered by way of cooperation between the individual localities of Hampton Roads, the ultimate goal was to have more "home-grown" physicians. It is also echoed in the school's mission statement and numerous community activities, outreach programs and educational opportunities.[12]

A completely free clinic housed within the Norfolk Public Health Building, the HOPES clinic is staffed entirely by volunteer students, resident-physicians and local clinicians. The H.O.P.E.S. Started in early 2011 by several EVMS students, it the first free clinic of its kind in the state, and the only one in Norfolk offering free services. All costs associated with the clinic are covered through private donations from local businesses, organizations, individuals and students.[13]

  • N.E.S.T. (Norfolk Emergency Shelter Team)

A locally run system of winter shelters for the homeless, EVMS students and resident-physicians have long helped staff the shelters of this organization. The physicians-in-training often set up health screenings during this time, helping assess for diseases such as diabetes, hypertension within these homeless populations. Those screened are then oft referred to local free or reduced-fee clinics for treatment.

  • Beyond Clinic Walls

Beyond Clinic Walls (BCW) pairs interdisciplinary student teams with older adults facing complex medical and social challenges. Student teams make home visits every two weeks to their assigned client for the duration of the academic year. Student teams work collaboratively, with each team member contributing their discipline’s unique insight, to help clients maintain their independence and quality of life. BCW provides the organizational structure, resources, and continuity of care to foster and support the development of rich and meaningful relationships between student volunteers and older adults.

  • Sight Savers

Sightsavers is a nonprofit organization devoted to restore the sight of blind people, provide medical care to prevent blindness, and promote equality of opportunity for disabled people. The very active chapter at EVMS provides glaucoma screenings frequently throughout the community.

Global health initiatives[edit]

In addition to being very involved in the local healthcare of Hampton Roads, EVMS has a longstanding commitment to global health education. The school offers many different opportunities for students to engage in community service abroad.

  • Master of Public Health International Practicum Projects

Individuals who are pursuing a degree in public health are given the opportunity to do their research thesis abroad in several locations. The purpose of the projects is to give the individual students a unique perspective on how to do public health research projects in developing countries. The MPH department at EVMS has two established locations in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Peru. The research and service projects serves to help provide healthcare to the communities that have developed in areas where few services exist.

  • International Medical Missions

Students and faculty from all health professions embark annually on medical missions to Peru, Haiti and the Democratic Republic of Congo. Mission is to bring medication and healthcare services to various rural communities. In partnership with local organizations with EVMS roots, students can also participate in medical missions with Operation Smile and Physicians for Peace.

  • Global Health Coalition

The Global Health Coalition is an umbrella organization dedicated to increasing awareness, knowledge and interest in international health through strategic coordination of global health related student organizations and activities at EVMS. GHC sponsors events and speakers on a number of international health topics, and facilitates the participation of EVMS students in international health internships and activities.

The Institute for Healthcare Improvement (IHI) is an independent not-for-profit organization helping to lead the improvement of health care throughout the world. The IHI is a reliable source of energy, knowledge, and support for a never-ending campaign to improve health care worldwide. Founded in 1991 and based in Cambridge, Massachusetts, IHI works to accelerate improvement by building the will for change, cultivating promising concepts for improving patient care, and helping health care systems put those ideas into action. The group aims to improve the lives of patients, the health of communities, and the joy of the health care workforce by focusing on an ambitious set of goals adapted from the Institute of Medicine's six improvement aims for the health care system: Safety, Effectiveness, Patient-Centeredness, Timeliness, Efficiency, and Equity.

Community service organizations[edit]

In addition to serving the community with several medically oriented groups, EVMS students and faculty are very active in general service.

  • Coats for Kids

EVMS students began collecting new and used coats through Coats for Kids—formerly Operation Overcoat—in 1987. Coats for Kids distributes thousands of coats each year to the area's needy children. WAVY-TV is media sponsor of Coats for Kids. Albano Cleaners dry clean all the donated coats and distribute them among the distribution sites. EVMS is a drop off site as well as a distribution site. Three times each winter the EVMS students volunteer and give out coats to those who need them.

  • Haunted Hallway

As part of the community oriented tradition at EVMS, students get together to redesign Lewis Hall into a Haunted Hallway for the neighborhood children. Families from the surrounding neighborhoods are shuttled in and can enjoy an array of games, crafts and haunted mazes. The intent is to provide a safe and open space for children and their families to spend the night Trick or Treating.

Student organizations and interest groups[edit]

The AMA-MSS is dedicated to representing medical students, improving medical education, developing leadership, and promoting activism for the health of America.

The American Medical Student Association (AMSA), with more than a half-century history of medical student activism, is the oldest and largest independent association of physicians-in-training in the United States. Founded in 1950, AMSA is a student-governed, non-profit organization committed to representing the concerns of physicians-in-training. AMSA began under the auspices of the American Medical Association (AMA) to provide medical students a chance to participate in organized medicine. Starting in 1960, the association refocused its energies on the problems of the medically underserved, inequities in our health-care system and related issues in medical education. Since 1968, AMSA has been a fully independent student organization. With approximately 50,000 members, including medical and premedical students, residents and practicing physicians, AMSA is committed to improving medical training as well as advancing the profession of medicine. AMSA focuses on four strategic priorities, including universal healthcare, disparities in medicine, diversity in medicine and transforming the culture of medical education. Today, AMSA continues its commitment to improving medical training and the nation's health.

  • Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender Persons and Allies in Medicine (LGBTPAM)

This student group was formed to bring together students and provide a safe and open space at EVMS to discuss LGBT issues, especially topics related to health care. Each year, the group does presentations for the other medical interest groups to help bring LGBT awareness to other students as they pursue their medical school training.

Student traditions[edit]

  • Powderpuff Football Game

Every year during the fall semester, the first and second year medical school classes get together to play a game of football where the female students compete and male students are on the sidelines cheering. Games are refereed by the third and fourth medical school classes, which always makes each year's game interesting. Traditionally, the second year students beat the first years.

  • P.O.E.T.S. (Put Off Everything, Tomorrow's Saturday)

Several Fridays throughout the year, EVMS will fund a social outing providing food and often entertainment for the students, residents and faculty at either a local restaurant or on school grounds. A tradition dating back to the school's early years, this tradition is designed to help promote collegiality and provide stress relief throughout the difficult times of medical education. The tradition initially involved alcoholic beverages, however these were removed when they were no longer allowed on campus.

  • White Coat Ceremony

To mark the official entrance into the medical community and the beginning of a medical student's education, each first year medical and physician assistant student is "coated" by an attending physician of EVMS. The ceremony usually ends with the reciting of the Hippocratic Oath.

  • White Coat Retirement Ceremony

To signify the transition of the short white coat of the medical student to that of the full-length coat of the physician, the original short coats are burned in a ceremony similar to that of an American Flag being retired from service. This tradition began as an informal, student-run activity, simply referred to as the "White Coat Burning." However, in 2010, the Office of Alumni Relations formalized and expanded the celebration as a means to welcome the graduating class into the Alumni Association. The ceremony won the 2011 Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC) Award of Excellence for being a "new take on an old tradition".'

  • Match Day

Just as the rest of the nation's medical school students find out what residency program they are to join, EVMS celebrates its "Match Day" on the third Friday of March (previously third Thursday of March). However, unique to EVMS is a long-standing tradition of dressing up in costume based on a varying yearly theme. Examples of past themes have included "Plan B," "Heroes and Villains," and "Rock Stars."

Economic impact[edit]

In a 2007 study conducted by Old Dominion University, EVMS was found to not only be important for the region's physical health, but also among the greatest economic influences on the region.[14] The study found the following:

  • EVMS’ imprint on the regional economy has grown to $711 million annually
  • EVMS is a major employer in the region. With 1,386 full-time employees, EVMS is among the 25 largest non-federal employers in Hampton Roads.
  • EVMS generates high-quality jobs. EVMS full-time employees earn an average of $73,874, compared to the regional average of $45,000.
  • EVMS employees generate $2.65 million in real-estate taxes and $5.24 million in sales taxes, for a total of $7.89 million in annual local tax payments.
  • EVMS students and residents (physicians in training) spend $23.81 million locally, not including tuition costs.
  • EVMS Health Services provides $40.5 million in uncollected medical and surgical care. The cost of this uncompensated care would be passed on to area hospitals or other agencies if EVMS did not exist.
  • It would cost local families $66.6 million annually to travel outside the region for medical care currently provided by EVMS Health Services.
  • EVMS generates approximately $40 million in external research funding each year, a substantial source of outside revenue.
  • One in four physicians in the region has a tie to EVMS.

Notable faculty and graduates[edit]

Faculty

  • Alfred Abuhamad, MD - Renowned authority on Obstetric Ultrasound, author, researcher and journal reviewer in Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Mason Andrews, MD - Pioneer of In Vitro Fertilization, Founder of EVMS, Mayor of Norfolk/Credited with Downtown Norfolk's Rebirth
  • L.D. Britt, MD, MPH - President of the American College of Surgeons
  • Francis Counselman, MD - EVMS '83, Member of Board of Directors, American Board of Emergency Medicine
  • Sarah Deaver, PhD - President-elect, American Art Therapy Association
  • Gayle Gliva-McConvey - President-elect, Board for the Association of Standardized Patient Educators
  • Mark Flemmer, MD - ACP Virginia Clinical Faculty of the Year 2009, Internal Medicine
  • Antoinette Hood, MD - Executive Director of the American Board of Dermatology
  • David Johnson, MD - Former president of American College of Gastroenterology, Editor of several related journals.
  • David Kushner, MD - Former Speaker of American College of Radiology; former Chairman of Board of Directors, Society for Pediatric Radiology; former Chairman Massachusetts Radiological Society; current ACR Board of Chancellors
  • Howard and Georgeanna Jones, MD - Pioneers of the first American "Test-tube Baby"
  • David O. Matson, MD, PhD - President of VAPHA, Awarded by Lancet for Best Medical Research Paper in 2006, Program Director of EVMS/ODU Program in Public Health, Professor of Infectious Disease at the Children's Hospital of the King's Daughters
  • Michael L. Stutts, PhD - Chair of the Virginia Board of Psychology
  • Aaron Vinik, MD - Notable researcher in Diabetes
  • William P. Magee, Jr, DDS, MD - Leading plastic and craniofacial surgeon who founded Operation Smile in 1982
  • Charles Horton, Sr, MD (deceased)[15] - Founder of Physicians for Peace; Founded EVMS Plastic Surgery Department
  • Karen Remley, MD, MBA - Former Virginia Health Commissioner, former CEO of Physicians for Peace, former Chief Medical Officer of Operation Smile[11]

Graduates

  • David Brown, MD (Class of 1982) - Astronaut killed on Columbia Space Shuttle
  • Ralph S. Northam, MD (Class of 1984) - Virginia State Senator and Pediatric Neurologist, 40th Lieutenant Governor of Virginia
  • Duffy Casey, MD (Class of 2009) - Vice Chairman and Co-Founder of Global Brigades
  • Cynthia Romero, MD (Class of 1993) - Virginia Health Commissioner[16]
  • Gene E. Green, MD, MBA (Class of 1997) - President of Suburban Hospital in Bethesda, a member of Johns Hopkins Medicine[17]
  • Andrew A. Muelenaer, Jr, MD - CMR Institute Board of Directors[18]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ As of June 30, 2012. "U.S. and Canadian Institutions Listed by Fiscal Year 2012 Endowment Market Value and Percentage Change in Endowment Market Value from FY 2011 to FY 2012". 2012 NACUBO-Commonfund Study of Endowments. National Association of College and University Business Officers. 
  2. ^ "Facts and Figures" (pdf). Retrieved 2013-02-19. 
  3. ^ "President Harry Lester to leave EVMS April 15". EVMS. Retrieved 2013-02-19. 
  4. ^ http://colleges.usnews.rankingsandreviews.com/best-colleges/eastern-virginia-medical-school-231970/overall-rankings
  5. ^ "Cabell, Nathaniel Francis; Early history of the University of Virginia, Letter from Thomas Jefferson to Joseph C. Cabell, May 10, 1824, 310-11". 
  6. ^ "ODU, EVMS formally agree to work together". The Virginian-Pilot. 2007-08-09. 
  7. ^ "President's message on W&M and EVMS". The College of William & Mary's Website. 2012-07-25. 
  8. ^ "W&M report recommends pilot partnership with EVMS". William & Mary News. 2013-01-16. 
  9. ^ "Building renamed to honor Harry Lester". EVMS News. 2013-04-11. 
  10. ^ http://evms.edu/news/giftestablishesmfoscuebrockinstituteforcommunityandglobalhealth.html
  11. ^ a b "Dr. Karen Remley to serve as Founding Director of EVMS Brock Institute". Retrieved 2013-03-23. 
  12. ^ "EVMS MISSION STATEMENT". 2010-04-13. 
  13. ^ "EVMS students bring free clinic to Norfolk". Inside Business. 2011-04-08. 
  14. ^ "ORIGINAL ODU ARTICLE". 2009-02-20. 
  15. ^ http://hamptonroads.com/node/171641
  16. ^ "Cynthia Romero will succeed Remley as commissioner". Retrieved 2013-02-19. 
  17. ^ http://kensington.patch.com/articles/suburban-hospital-names-new-president
  18. ^ http://theroanokestar.com/?p=22523