Eastleigh

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For other uses, see Eastleigh (disambiguation).
Eastleigh
The Point, Eastleigh
The Point, Eastleigh
Eastleigh is located in Hampshire
Eastleigh
Eastleigh
 Eastleigh shown within Hampshire
OS grid reference SU4563818844
District Eastleigh
Shire county Hampshire
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town EASTLEIGH
Postcode district SO50
Dialling code 023
Police Hampshire
Fire Hampshire
Ambulance South Central
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Eastleigh
Website http://www.eastleigh.gov.uk
List of places
UK
England
Hampshire

Coordinates: 50°58′00″N 1°21′00″W / 50.966667°N 1.35°W / 50.966667; -1.35

Eastleigh is a railway town in Hampshire, England, and the main town in the Borough of Eastleigh. The town lies between Southampton and Winchester, and is part of the South Hampshire conurbation. Eastleigh borough stretches from Netley on the banks of Southampton Water, the historic river villages of Hamble-le-Rice, Bursledon and Botley, the developing areas of Hedge End, West End, Fair Oak & Bishopstoke and the green residential belt of Chandler's Ford and Boyatt Wood. Eastleigh is home to many businesses, including a manufacturing plant owned by Prysmian Cables & Systems (formerly the cables division of Pirelli). The town lies on the River Itchen, one of England's premier chalk streams for fly fishing, a designated site of Special Scientific Interest due to its high quality habitats supporting a wide range of protected species including the threatened water vole,[1] otter, brook lamprey[2] and white-clawed crayfish.

History[edit]

Eastleigh rail yard in 1984.
A Supermarine Spitfire Mk IX flown by Ray Hanna at Flying Legends 2005.
The old Town Hall (now called ‘The Point’), Eastleigh
Victorian bandstand in recreation ground, Eastleigh

The modern town of Eastleigh lies on the old Roman road, built in A.D.79 between Winchester (Venta Belgarum) and Bitterne (Clausentum).[3][4][5] Roman remains discovered in the Eastleigh area, including a Roman lead coffin excavated in 1908,[6] indicate that a settlement probably existed here in Roman times.[3][7][8]

A Saxon village called ‘East Leah’ has been recorded to have existed since 932 AD.[9] (‘Leah’ is an ancient Anglo-Saxon word meaning ‘a clearing in a forest’).[9] There is additional evidence of this settlement in a survey from the time which details land in North Stoneham being granted by King Æthelstan to his military aid, Alfred in 932 AD.[3][7][10] The prefix 'Est' or 'East' is thought to refer to its location relative to the established settlement of Baddesley.[3]

The Domesday Book of 1086 gives a more detailed account of the settlement, which is referred to as 'Estleie'.[3]

In 1838 the London and South Western Railway Company (L&SWR) built a railway from Southampton to Winchester.[9][11] It was decided to build a station near the little village of Barton. This railway station was originally named Bishopstoke Junction.[9] In 1868 the villages of Barton and Eastley were combined into one parish.[9] A parish church, the Church of the Resurrection, was built in the same year, at a cost of £2,300.[12] A local noted author of many novels, Charlotte Yonge, donated £500 towards the building of the church.[13] She was rewarded by being given the privilege to choose a name for the 'new' parish; either Barton or Eastly. She chose Eastly, but with a new modern spelling; Eastleigh.[13] In 1891 the L&SWR Carriage and Wagon Works from Nine Elms in London were transferred to Eastleigh. This was followed by the Nine Elms Locomotive Works which were moved there in 1909. These Railway Works were closed in 2006 but have since reopened, albeit on a smaller scale.

Eastleigh has seen a rapid and controlled expansion in residential, industrial and commercial development over recent years. The borough of Eastleigh was ranked the "9th best place to live in the UK 2006" by a Channel 4 programme.[14]

The United States Navy established a naval air station on 23 July 1918 to assemble and repair Caproni Ca.5 and Airco DH.4 and DH.9 bombers for the Northern Bombing Group of World War I. The base closed shortly after the First Armistice at Compiègne.[15]Perhaps Eastleigh's best-known 'resident' is the Spitfire aeroplane which was built in Southampton and first flown from Eastleigh Aerodrome (now Southampton International Airport). A replica has recently been placed on the roundabout at the entrance to the airport.

The most famous people linked to Eastleigh are probably Christabel Leighton-Porter, the model for the World War II cartoon character Jane,[16] and Benny Hill who both lived in the town.[17] Benny's first job was in Woolworths in Leigh Road, Eastleigh. He then moved on to be a milkman for Hanns Dairies, in Factory Road, now Wells Place. His time working in Eastleigh on a horse-drawn milk-float gave him his inspiration for his hit record, Ernie,the fastest milkman in the West.[18][19] In Benny's honour a plaque has been put up close to the site of the now demolished Hanns Dairies building[19] and a new road has been named Benny Hill Close, though many of the people who had bought the new homes were not happy with the decision.[20]

Sir Arthur Young, the eminent police chief, was born at 55 Chamberlayne Road in 1907. Sporting notables include Tommy Green who won an Olympic Gold Medal at the 1932 Los Angeles Games in the 50K walk, and Vince Hawkins who was briefly British Middleweight Boxing Champion in the late 1940s.[21][22][23]

Eastleigh Museum, which is to be found in the High Street holds information about the town and the surrounding villages, including Bishopstoke which had been the largest residential area.

Education[edit]

Eastleigh has two further education colleges: Barton Peveril Sixth Form College (where Colin Firth was a student) and Eastleigh College (both on the same road). Secondary schools include Crestwood College and Quilley School of Engineering, and primary schools include Cherbourg Primary School, Norwood Primary School, Nightingale Primary School, The Crescent Primary School, and Shakespeare Infant and Junior Schools to the north of the town.[24]

Sport[edit]

Eastleigh F.C.[edit]

Eastleigh F.C. are the town's sole senior football team playing, from 2014/2015, in the Conference Premier (after promotion from the Conference South in 2013/2014) as well as entering the FA Cup and the FA Trophy.

Eastleigh Ladies Hockey Club[edit]

Eastleigh Ladies Hockey Club is based in South Hampshire. It fields 2 teams in the Hampshire Women's League (playing Saturdays), as well as playing floodlit and indoor league games (playing on weekdays).

Eastleigh Rugby Football Club[edit]

Eastleigh Rugby Football Club play from "The Hub" in Eastleigh. They currently have four senior sides, excellent colts and young player development, their 1st XV currently play in the London 3 South West. Also based at The Hub are "The Hurricanes", a team for young adults with learning difficulties.

Politics[edit]

In 2005 Chris Huhne was elected as the Liberal Democrat Member of Parliament (MP) for the Eastleigh constituency after the previous MP (David Chidgey, also Liberal Democrat) retired. Eastleigh has a tradition of close contests, and Huhne narrowly beat the Conservative candidate Conor Burns with the second lowest swing against the Liberal Democrats of any seat with a retiring MP (2.6%). David Chidgey had succeeded the Conservative MP Stephen Milligan after his high-profile death. Chris Huhne was appointed as Secretary of State for Energy and Climate Change following the 2010 general election. Huhne resigned the seat in February 2013 after pleading guilty to perverting the course of justice over a 2003 speeding case,[25] triggering the Eastleigh by-election, 2013 which was won by another Liberal Democrat, Mike Thornton.[26]

Economy[edit]

The B&Q head office is on Chestnut Avenue in Eastleigh.[27] The town was formerly home to a Mr Kipling bakery.[28]

Transport[edit]

Southampton Airport control tower
Air

Southampton Airport (IATA: SOUICAO: EGHI), the 20th largest airport in the UK, is located in Eastleigh. Southampton Airport is served by a dedicated mainline railway station, Southampton Airport Parkway, which is the next station stop (5 minutes) from Eastleigh railway station.

Rail

Eastleigh is served by Eastleigh railway station, a mainline station on the South Western Main Line from London Waterloo (just 75 minutes away) and Winchester to Southampton, Bournemouth and Poole, with a fast and frequent service to those places. It is also the junction station for two other routes, the Eastleigh-Fareham Line and the Eastleigh-Romsey Line.

Bus

Eastleigh has bus services provided by Stagecoach South, Bluestar, Brijan Tours, First Group Hampshire, Wilts & Dorset and Xelabus.

Road

Eastleigh is also located close to the junction between the M3 motorway and M27 motorway, giving easy road access to Southampton, Winchester, Bournemouth, Portsmouth and places between.

The Swan Centre[edit]

The Swan Shopping Centre opened in 1989, and was built in the heart of the town's Victorian 'grid iron' road layout and blocked off Market Street and High Street - although through access was possible for pedestrians while the centre was open. The Swan Centre included a French-style café and a new library[29] (replacing the recently demolished Town Hall library) in the High Street atrium.

Notable people[edit]

Notable residents of Eastleigh include:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Hampshire and Isle of Wight Wildlife Trust
  2. ^ Fact file on the River Itchen
  3. ^ a b c d e Nicola Gosling: 1986, Page 4
  4. ^ "Archaeology Object Database - Southampton City Council". sccwww1.southampton.gov.uk. Southampton City Council. Retrieved 28 March 2010. 
  5. ^ "VENTA BELGARVM". roman-britain.org. Retrieved 28 March 2010. 
  6. ^ "Hampshire Treasures: Volume 13 ( Eastleigh), Page 3 - Bishopstoke, Entry 04". hants.gov.uk. Retrieved 29 March 2010. 
  7. ^ a b "Bishopstoke Parish Council: History". bishopstokepc.hampshire.org.uk. Retrieved 28 March 2010. 
  8. ^ "Chandlers Ford - Local History". chandlersfordonline.com. Retrieved 29 March 2010. 
  9. ^ a b c d e "A History of Eastleigh". www.localhistories.org. Retrieved 2009-12-21. 
  10. ^ "Bishopstoke Parish Council website". bishopstokepc.hampshire.org.uk. Retrieved 28 March 2010. 
  11. ^ Williams, R. A. (1968) The London & South Western Railway, v. 1: The formative years, and v. 2: Growth and consolidation, David and Charles, ISBN 0-7153-4188-X; ISBN 0-7153-5940-1
  12. ^ Clarke, Kathleen: 1995, Page 6
  13. ^ a b Clarke, Kathleen: 1995, Page 7
  14. ^ "BEST AND WORST PLACES TO LIVE 2006: Eastleigh". Channel 4. Retrieved 2007-11-16. 
  15. ^ Van Wyen, Adrian O. (1969). Naval Aviation in World War I. Washington, D.C.: Chief of Naval Operations. p. 80. 
  16. ^ Racy Cartoons of the WW II Years: "Jane"
  17. ^ "Late 20th Century". eastleighso50.tripod.com. Retrieved 27 March 2010. 
  18. ^ "Benny Hill saluted by the south". BBC News. 6 August 2009. Retrieved 29 March 2010. 
  19. ^ a b "Eastleigh". Southern Life. Retrieved 29 March 2010. 
  20. ^ "Benny Hill's no joke". Thisishampshire. Newsquest Media Group. 6 October 2003. Retrieved 2007-11-16. 
  21. ^ Adams, Melanie (2 December 2008). "Post-war boxing champion Vince Hawkins dies aged 85". Southern Daily Echo (Southampton). Retrieved 20 December 2009. 
  22. ^ "Vince Hawkins". Boxrec Boxing Encyclopaedia. Retrieved 2009-12-20. 
  23. ^ Clarke, Kathleen: 1995, Page 61
  24. ^ "Hampshire schools by area: Eastleigh". Hantsweb. Hampshire County Council. Retrieved 28 October 2013. 
  25. ^ Norman Smith (2012-02-03). "BBC News - Chris Huhne quits cabinet over speeding claims charge". BBC.co.uk. Retrieved 2013-03-12. 
  26. ^ "Eastleigh Parliamentary By-Election 2013 Result". Eastleigh Borough Council. 1 March 2013. 
  27. ^ "Company Information." B&Q. Retrieved on 25 March 2012. "B&Q Plc B&Q House Chestnut Avenue Chandlers Ford Eastleigh Hampshire SO53 3LE "
  28. ^ Manor Bakery Closure is a Blow for Local Economy and Break with History
  29. ^ "Swan Shopping Centre Eastleigh". © 2007-2009 Swan Shopping Centre, Eastleigh. Retrieved 2009-06-27. 

External links[edit]