Eastleigh, Nairobi

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Eastleigh
Suburb
The Somali-owned Eastleigh Mall, Andalus Hotel and Horyal Supermarket in central Eastleigh.
The Somali-owned Eastleigh Mall, Andalus Hotel and Horyal Supermarket in central Eastleigh.
Eastleigh is located in Kenya
Eastleigh
Eastleigh
Location of Eastleigh.
Coordinates: 1°16′00″S 36°51′00″E / 1.26667°S 36.85000°E / -1.26667; 36.85000Coordinates: 1°16′00″S 36°51′00″E / 1.26667°S 36.85000°E / -1.26667; 36.85000
Country  Kenya
District Nairobi
Time zone EAT (UTC+3)

Eastleigh is a suburb of Nairobi, Kenya. It is located east of the central business district. Predominantly inhabited by Somali immigrants, it has been described as "Little Mogadishu",[1] as well as "a country within a country with its own economy" on account of its robust business sector.[2]

History[edit]

Eastleigh was founded in 1921. The colonial government allotted Nairobi's residential estates by race, and Eastleigh was pointed for Asians and elite Africans who worked as clerks, builders or shoemakers.[3] Eastleigh was originally a large Kenyan Asian enclave until independence in 1963. In recent years, the suburb has been dominated and almost exclusively inhabited by Somali immigrants.[2]

Military[edit]

The Eastleigh Airport (Moi Air Base) is located in the northern parts of Eastleigh.

Since 2012, the neighborhood and various areas across Kenya have experienced a number of terrorist attacks linked to the Al-Shabaab militant group, which were launched in retaliation for the Kenyan military's deployment of troops in southern Somalia against the insurgents.[4]

Administrative divisions[edit]

Administratively, Eastleigh is divided into Eastleigh North and Eastleigh South. Both are part of Nairobi's Pumwani division.

Eastleigh is further partitioned into three areas:

  • Section I - from Juja Road
  • Section II - the commercial center
  • Section III - situated towards Jogoo Road

Economy[edit]

A Somali store owner in Eastleigh.

Eastleigh is almost entirely inhabited by Somalis, except for a few indigenous residents.[2] The suburb's commercial sector is likewise dominated by Somalis, with most if not all businesses owned by the Somali community.[2] Somalis have invested heavily in the enclave, contributing over $1.5 billion in the neighborhood alone.[5] As of September 2012, Eastleigh accounted for around 25% of the Nairobi City Council's tax revenues.[6]

Businesses in the suburb range from small stalls to shopping malls and night lodges, and all feature Somali names such as Tawakal, Mogadishu, Qaran and Halal. Products are typically imported from Mogadishu and Dubai, and include designer clothing, jewelry and even guns.[2]

Starting in late 2012, a mass exodus of Somali residents was reported after a prolonged period of harassment by the Kenyan police and public. Hundreds of Somali entrepreneurs withdrew between Sh10 to Sh40 billion from their bank accounts, with the intention of reinvesting most of that money back home in Somalia. The collective departures most affected Eastleigh's real estate sector, as landlords struggled to find Kenyans able to afford the high rates of the apartments and shops vacated by the Somalis.[7]

Communications[edit]

Eastleigh's communication facilities are very high-tech, with sophisticated communication gadgets.[2]

Notable residents[edit]

Somali entrepreneur Hussein Mohamed, Vice Chairman of the Eastleigh Business Association.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Nairobi County". NiElect. Retrieved 30 September 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f Kenya/Somalia: Somalia community doing booming business in country - Norwegian Council for Africa
  3. ^ Daily Nation, December 27, 2008: Roads are a mess, but memories of good times linger
  4. ^ "Deadly blast 'shreds' bus in Kenyan capital". 14 Dec 2013. Retrieved 16 Dec 2013. 
  5. ^ Help Locals Rebuild Their Country By Ensuring World Attention And Peace
  6. ^ "This Is Yusuf Hassan - MP Kamukunji". Kamukunji Outlook Newsletter. Retrieved 12 January 2014. 
  7. ^ Mohammed, Guled (9 January 2013). "Kenya: The Cost of Harassing Somalis Over Terror". The Star. Retrieved 13 January 2013. 

References[edit]

External links[edit]