Eastleigh by-election, 2013
|Map showing the Eastleigh Parliamentary constituency within the English county of Hampshire.|
The election was triggered by the resignation of the sitting MP, Liberal Democrat Chris Huhne, which took effect on 5 February 2013. The resignation coincided with his guilty plea on the eve of a court case in which he and his ex-wife were to be prosecuted for lying to police about a historical speeding offence (committed in 2003 but which only came to light in May 2011). Huhne had already stood down from his position as the Secretary of State for Energy and Climate Change in February 2012 when first charged.
Mike Thornton retained the seat for the Liberal Democrats, though with a reduced majority compared with the 2010 general election. UKIP came second with a greatly increased share of the vote, the Conservatives came third, and Labour fourth. Following the election result, UKIP leader Nigel Farage and Conservative candidate Maria Hutchings each blamed the other party for splitting the vote and allowing the Liberal Democrats to win.
|Eastleigh by-election 2013
Resignation of Chris Huhne
Turnout: 41,616 (52.8%) -16.5
|Liberal Democrat hold
Majority: 1,771 (4.3%)
Swing: -19.3% from Lib Dem to UKIP
|Mike Thornton||Liberal Democrat||13,342||32.1||-14.4|
|Iain Maclennan||National Health Action||392||0.9||N/A|
|Ray Hall||Beer, Baccy and Crumpet||235||0.6||N/A|
|Howling Laud Hope||Monster Raving Loony||136||0.3||N/A|
|David Bishop||Elvis Loves Pets||72||0.2||N/A|
|Michael Walters||English Democrats||70||0.1||-0.3|
|Colin Bex||Wessex Regionalist||30||0.1||N/A|
The Liberal Democrats' win was their first in a by-election since Dunfermline and West Fife seven years earlier. It was also their first win under current leader Nick Clegg. The UKIP vote was their highest yet in any parliamentary election (in both share and number of votes), and was the fourth time the party had come second in a by-election. It was also the closest they have come to winning a Westminster seat.
With less than 7% of the vote separating the top three candidates, it was the closest three-way result in an English by-election for over 90 years (in Penistone in 1921 there was 6% between the top three). It was also the first time since the 1989 Richmond by-election that Labour had come fourth while in opposition.
Selection of candidates
The Statement of Persons Nominated was published on 13 February and confirmed 14 candidates for the by-election. The defending party, the Liberal Democrats, nominated Eastleigh Borough Council councillor Mike Thornton.
Maria Hutchings, the Conservatives' candidate at the General Election, was chosen as the candidate for the by-election on 7 February. Hutchings came to prominence in 2005 when she interrupted a live television phone-in with the then Prime Minister Tony Blair. She said that she would vote for Britain to leave the EU and would have voted against gay marriage. She also identified as "pro-life" and says that she is not a "Tory toff".
The Labour Party chose author and broadcaster John O'Farrell as its candidate on 12 February. Having received during the campaign negative coverage of selected quotations from a book he wrote in 1998, in which he recalled the Brighton bomb attacks against the Conservative Party and then Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher, John O'Farrell reflected after polling day that the experience was enough to put him off electoral politics for good.
UKIP selected candidate Diane James, a Councillor from Ewhurst in Waverley, Surrey, who was elected there as an independent. The party's leader, Nigel Farage, previously contested the seat at a by-election in 1994. While he initially said he would consider standing again, he decided not to after much media speculation.
The English Democrats fielded Michael Walters, the South East Area Secretary of the party.
The Christian Party candidate was Kevin Milburn. He said "I am standing in this election to allow voters the opportunity to show their disapproval of this Government over many issues, including their attack on marriage. The Government has upset vast swathes of the population with this ill-conceived Bill."
On 8 February, the Trade Unionist and Socialist Coalition announced that it had chosen Darren Procter, secretary of the Southampton Shipping branch of the RMT union, as their candidate. Procter also serves on the National Executive Committee of RMT. He stood on an anti-austerity platform.
The National Health Action Party, a new party founded in 2012 in response to the Coalition Government's healthcare reforms, selected Dr Iain Maclennan, a local doctor and former Royal Navy medical officer, as their candidate.
Independent candidate Danny Stupple stood in protest at gay marriage and what he describes as the party "machine" pushing it through Parliament.
The Wessex Regionalist Party fielded the party's president, Colin Bex, as its candidate.
|Polling organisation/client||Sample size||Lib Dem||Cons||UKIP||Lab||Others||Lead|
|28 Feb||Eastleigh by-election, 2013 Result||42,649||32%||25%||28%||10%||5%||4%|
|22–24 Feb||Populus/The Times||1,002||33%||28%||21%||12%||6%||5%|
|21–22 Feb||Populus/Sunday Times||1,001||33%||28%||21%||11%||4%||5%|
|18–22 Feb||Survation/Mail on Sunday||543||29%||33%||21%||13%||4%||4%|
|6–8 Feb||Survation/Mail on Sunday||504||36%||33%||16%||13%||2%||3%|
|6 May||2010 Results (Eastleigh only)||53,650||47%||39%||4%||10%||1%||7%|
|General election 2010 
Turnout: 53,650 (69.3%) +4.9
|Liberal Democrat hold
Majority: 3,864 (7.2%)
Swing: 3.0% from Con to Lib Dem
|Chris Huhne||Liberal Democrat||24,966||46.5||+8.2|
|Tony Pewsey||English Democrats||249||0.5||N/A|
|Keith Low||National Liberal Party – Third Way||93||0.2||N/A|
- Eastleigh by-election, 1994
- List of United Kingdom by-elections (1979–present)
- Opinion polling for the next United Kingdom general election
- "Date set for Eastleigh by-election". BBC. 6 February 2013. Retrieved 6 February 2013.
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- "Profile – Cllr. Mike Thornton". Eastleigh Borough Council. Retrieved 10 February 2010.
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- Eastleigh – The Shortlist LabourList
- Ferguson, Mark (7 February 2013). "Labour's selection Timetable for Eastleigh announced".
- Ed Miliband’s pathetic silence over Labour candidate’s sick attack on Lady Thatcher shows poor leadership The Daily Telegraph
- Fury over 'moral reprobate' Labour candidate who wrote of disappointment that Mrs Thatcher didn't die in the Brighton bomb The Daily Mail
- My Eastleigh experience was enough – I won't stand for election in 2015 The Guardian
- Labour's John O'Farrell Won't Stand In 2015 Election, After Eastleigh Fourth Place The Huffington Post
- Profile – Councullor Diane James Waveney Borough Council
- "Diane James, our choice for Eastleigh". UKIP. 11 February 2013.
- "UKIP hope". Eastleighnews.co.uk. 11 February 2013. Retrieved 2013-03-26.
- "Eastleigh by-election candidate list". BBC. 25 February 2013. Retrieved 2013-03-26.
- Landale, James (4 February 2012). "Huhne triggers coalition by-election battle". BBC. Retrieved 6 February 2013.
- Farage, Nigel (5 February 2013). "Why I will not fight the Eastleigh by-election". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 6 February 2013.
- Maddox, David (4 February 2013). "Nigel Farage to decide on Eastleigh by-election". The Scotsman. Retrieved 6 February 2013.
- Hope, Christopher (5 February 2013). "Exclusive: Nigel Farage will not fight Chris Huhne seat". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 6 February 2013.
- "Kevin Milburn – Christian Party – VIDEO (From Daily Echo)". Dailyecho.co.uk. 24 February 2013. Retrieved 2013-03-26.
- "Twitter / LoonyPartyNews". Official Monster Raving Loony Party. 6 February 2013.
- "RMT executive member Darren Procter to stand in Eastleigh by-election". Trade Unionist and Socialist Coalition. 8 February 2013.
- "Former Local Lib Dem activist and ex-NHS chief defects to National Health Action Party". National Health Action Party. 10 February 2013. Retrieved 11 February 2013.
- [dead link]
- "Statement of persons nominated, notice of poll and situation of polling stations". Eastleigh Borough Council. 20 April 2010. Retrieved 6 February 2013.
- "Eastleigh Parliamentary By-Election 2013 Result". Eastleigh Borough Council. 1 March 2013.