Eating live animals

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Sannakji is live octopus that has been cut into small pieces and served with its arms still squirming.

The practice of eating live animals by humans is widespread and includes eating both vertebrate and invertebrate species.

Vertebrates[edit]

Fish[edit]

In Japan, Ikizukuri ("prepared alive") is the preparation of sashimi ("pierced food") made from live seafood. The most popular sea animal used in ikizukuri is fish but octopus, shrimp, and lobster may also be used.[1] The fish is typically filleted without being killed and served while the heart is still beating and the mouth opening and closing. Sometimes the fish is temporarily returned to an aquarium to swim around and recover for a second course.[2]

Another fish dish, popular in China, is called Ying Yang fish (also called dead-and-alive fish) in which the fish's body (but not the head) is rapidly deep-fried and served while the head is still fresh and moving. It is prepared extremely quickly, with care not to damage the internal organs, so that the fish can remain alive for thirty minutes.[2][3]

In an interview, celebrity chef Raymond Blanc stated that in Japan, he had eaten live eels. He was advised to add vinegar and sake, which made them jump around, and then swallowed them whole.[4]

Frog[edit]

In 2012, a video showing a woman in Japan eating a live frog was posted on YouTube and went viral. In the video, a live frog is seen stabbed alive, stripped of its skin, and its inedible innards removed to be served as fresh sashimi on an iced platter.[5]

In 2007, a newspaper reported that a man from south east China claimed that eating live frogs for a month cured his intestinal problems. He also eats live mice and rats.[6]

Andrew Zimmern of the Travel Channel's "Bizarre Foods" ate frog sashimi. Though most of the frog is served dead (and raw), the meal begins by eating the frog's fresh, still-beating heart.[2]

Snake[edit]

A man in Odisha, India, is reported to eat live snakes to seek attention from fellow villagers.[7]

Invertebrates[edit]

Octopus[edit]

In Korea, Sannakji is the preparation of live octopus that has been cut into small pieces or prepared whole, and served with its arms still squirming. Sannakji connoisseurs enjoy more than just the taste of the fresh meat; they enjoy the sensation of the still-active suction cups on the octopus' arms as they stick to the mouth. Novices are advised to chew before swallowing to avoid the threat of being choked.[2]

Sea urchin[edit]

Sea urchins are prized around the world for their fishy-flavoured roe and flesh. They are often eaten raw, such as in sushi (typically called "uni") and some people prefer to eat them immediately after they are cut open. Scissors are often used to avoid the protective spines whilst cutting the animal open.[2]

Shrimp[edit]

In China, one common way that shrimp is prepared to be eaten alive is a dish called drunken shrimp. The shrimp, usually 10 animals per serving, are first doused in a strong liquor which makes them less likely to struggle while being swallowed and also creates a flavourful marinade. A plate is typically held over the bowl to prevent the shrimp from leaping out as they are much more active than when served as Odori ebi (see below).[2][3]

Odori ebi ("dancing shrimp") is a type of Japanese sashimi that contains young shrimp, usually only one individual per serving. The shrimp has its shell removed and sometimes its head as well. These can be deep fried and served alongside the rest of the shrimp, which is still moving its legs and antennae while being eaten. The shrimp only dies when chewed.[3]

Lobster[edit]

Restaurants in New York City serve live lobster, advertising that they allow customers the opportunity to “pick belly sashimi out of its still moving body”.[8]

Oyster[edit]

Oysters are the most common animal often eaten raw and alive. They are considered healthiest when eaten raw on the half shell.[2]

Ant[edit]

A chain of restaurants serves a salad crawling with live ants. The ants are chilled so that they move slower, and are supposed to taste like lemongrass.[3]

Cockroach[edit]

Live cockroaches were eaten in a competition in Florida in 2012. The winner collapsed and died from 'asphyxia due to choking and aspiration of gastric contents'.[9]

Larva[edit]

One example of eating live larvae is the witchetty grub of Australian aboriginal cuisine, which can be eaten alive and raw or cooked.[2]

Casu marzu is a traditional Sardinian sheep milk cheese, notable for containing live insect larvae. It is found almost exclusively in Sardinia, Italy. Casu marzu goes beyond typical fermentation to a stage most would consider decomposition, brought about by the digestive action of the larvae of the cheese fly Piophila casei. These larvae are deliberately introduced to the cheese. The cheese received attention on Bizarre Foods with Andrew Zimmern. Zimmern described the taste of the cheese as "so ammoniated" that "...it scorches your tongue a bit." The cheese is known to leave an aftertaste for a duration of up to several hours.[10] Similar milk cheeses notable for containing living insect larvae are produced in several Italian regions.[11][12][13]

Louis Cole[edit]

A YouTube channel called "Food for Louis" shows videos of Louis Cole eating live animals. These include 21 live locusts, a large, live lizard from the Brazilian jungle, a live tarantula, live crayfish, live scorpion and live goldfish.[14]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://technology.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/tech_and_web/the_web/article1928778.ece
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Nelson, B. "7 animals that are eaten alive by humans". mother nature network. Retrieved January 4, 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c d Griffen, S. (2013). "10 animals that people eat alive". Retrieved January 4, 2014. 
  4. ^ Hinson, T. (2013). "Eating live eels and the world's best eatery: Checking in with Raymond Blanc". MailOnline. Retrieved January 5, 2013. 
  5. ^ "Viral video of live frog sashimi sparks protest". FoxNews.com. 2013. Retrieved June 6, 2013. 
  6. ^ "Eating live frogs, rats "cures tummy upsets"". Reuters. 2007. Retrieved January 6, 2014. 
  7. ^ Patnaik, P. (2007). "Man eats live snakes". Odisha.in. Retrieved January 6, 2014. 
  8. ^ Corn, L. (2011). "Eating live lobsters: Painful or delicious?". Retrieved January 5, 2012. 
  9. ^ "Autopsy reveals Florida man who died after winning cockroach-eating contest choked to death and didn't have an allergic reaction". DailMail. 2012. Retrieved January 5, 2012. 
  10. ^ Video "Bizarre Foods with Andrew Zimmern, Sardinia season 6"
  11. ^ Comuni italiani. "Cacie' punt". www.comuni-italiani.it. Retrieved 30 April 2011. 
  12. ^ Prodotti tipici. "Formaggio saltarello" (PDF). www.prodottitipici.com. prodottitipici.com. Retrieved 30 April 2011. 
  13. ^ Prodotti tipici. "Pecorino marcetto" (PDF). www.prodottitipici.com. prodottitipici.com. Retrieved 30 April 2011. 
  14. ^ Tring, O. (2012). "The man who eats live animals". theguardian. Retrieved January 4, 2014.