Eaton Chapel

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Eaton Chapel
Chapel of Eaton Hall seen from the south
Eaton Chapel is located in Cheshire
Eaton Chapel
Eaton Chapel
Location in Cheshire
Coordinates: 53°08′27″N 2°52′39″W / 53.1409°N 2.8776°W / 53.1409; -2.8776
OS grid reference SJ 413 607
Location Eaton Hall near Eccleston, Cheshire
Country England
Denomination Anglican
Website Eaton Hall Chapel
Architecture
Status Private chapel
Functional status Active
Heritage designation Grade I
Designated 2 November 1983
Architect(s) Alfred Waterhouse
Architectural type Chapel
Style Gothic Revival
Groundbreaking 1869
Completed 1884
Specifications
Spire height 175 feet (53 m)
Materials Buff sandstone
Grey slate roof
Administration
Diocese Chester

Eaton Chapel is a private chapel to the north of Eaton Hall in Eaton Park, near the village of Eccleston, Cheshire, England. It is designated by English Heritage as a Grade I listed building.[1]

History[edit]

Building of the chapel commenced in 1869,[2] soon after the estate was inherited by Hugh Grosvenor, the 3rd Marquess of Westminster, in conjunction with a major rebuilding of the hall. Grosvenor became the 1st Duke of Westminster in 1874.[3] He appointed Alfred Waterhouse as architect and the building was completed in 1884.[1] When the Waterhouse hall was demolished in 1963, the chapel was retained.[3]

Architecture[edit]

Exterior[edit]

The chapel is built in buff sandstone with a grey slate roof. Internally the stone is in pink and buff bands. Its plan consists of a five-bay nave that is continuous with a three-bay chancel.[1] The chancel terminates with a three-sided apse containing the altar. The chapel is orientated with the altar at the west end. The last bay at the east end constitutes a narthex (ante-chapel) with a gallery. On the south of the chapel is a tower which is free-standing, but joined to the chapel at the lower two storeys, and by a bridge above. At the southeast corner is a staircase turret. On the south side of the nave and in the apse are two-light windows and at the east end behind the gallery is a four-light window.[4] The tower has six stages and contains tall lancet bell-openings.[1] Above these is the clock stage, corbelled out from the shaft of the tower and surmounted by pinnacles at each corner.[4] On each side is a clock face made from vitreous enamel; each clock face is 9 feet 8 inches (2.95 m) in diameter.[2] Over this is a spire decorated with gables and pinnacles. The staircase turret is surmounted by a spire.[1]

Interior[edit]

The narthex at the east end has a groin vaulted oak roof, and is paved with black marble and with encaustic tiles. A stone screen leads into the nave. This also has a groin vaulted roof, but built in stone. Between the nave and the chancel is a low alabaster screen. A continuation of this screen leads to the pulpit: this is also constructed in alabaster with Devonshire marble columns. The reredos and the font are also made in alabaster. The benches in the nave and chancel are in walnut and have carved ends. In the chancel is a recumbent effigy in alabaster of Constance, 1st Duchess of Westminster, by Joseph Boehm. For the effigy, Boehm worked from plaster casts of the face and hands taken after her death.[5]

The stained glass in the windows of the south side of the nave and the apse, and the mosaics in the blank on the north side of the nave were designed by Frederic Shields. These were commissioned in 1876 and made by Heaton, Butler and Bayne.[4] The two-manual organ is in an alcove on the south side of the chancel.[6] It was built in 1870–71 by Charles Whitley of Chester and is still in good working order. The clock tower contains a carillon of 28 bells which were cast by Chavalier Severian Van Aerschodt of Louvain; it plays 31 tunes. The clock was manufactured by Gillet's of Croydon.[2]

Present day[edit]

The chapel continues to be the private chapel of the Grosvenor family and is used for family christenings, confirmations and memorial services.[5] Each December it is made available for up to eight charities to arrange carol concerts.[2] The chapel is also open to the general public on three annual open days.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e English Heritage. "Eaton Chapel north of Eaton Hall (1330615)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 15 May 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c d Chapel, Eaton Estate, retrieved 6 April 2010 
  3. ^ a b Eaton Halls: The Waterhouse Hall, Eaton Estate, 2002, p. 6 
  4. ^ a b c Hartwell, Clare; Hyde, Matthew; Hubbard, Edward; Pevsner, Nikolaus (2011) [1971], Cheshire, The Buildings of England, New Haven and London: Yale University Press, pp. 347–348, ISBN 978-0-300-17043-6 
  5. ^ a b Eaton Chapel, Eaton Estate, 2002 
  6. ^ Cheshire, Eccleston - Eaton Hall, Grosvenor Chapel, British Institute of Organ Studies, retrieved 6 April 2010 
  7. ^ Garden Open Days, Eaton Estate, retrieved 6 April 2010