|Traded as||NYSE: ETN
S&P 500 Component
|Founded||1911 in Beachwood, OH|
|Key people||Alexander M. Cutler (Chairman, President & CEO)|
|Revenue||US$16.31 billion (2012)|
|Operating income||US$1.53 billion (2012)|
|Net income||US$1.21 billion (2012)|
|Total assets||US$35.84 billion (2012)|
|Total equity||US$15.1 billion (2012)|
Eaton is an Ireland-based power management company. Eaton acquired Cooper Industries plc in November 2012. The 2012 revenue of the combined companies was $21.8 billion on a pro forma basis. Eaton has approximately 102,000 employees and sells products to customers in more than 175 countries.
In 1911, Joseph O. Eaton, brother-in-law Henning O. Taube and Viggo V. Torbensen incorporated the Torbensen Gear and Axle Co. in Bloomfield, New Jersey. With financial backing from Torbensen's mother, the company was set to manufacture Torbensen's patented internal-gear truck axle. In 1914, the company moved to Cleveland, Ohio, to be closer to its core business, the automotive industry.
The Torbensen Axle Company was incorporated in Ohio in 1916, succeeding the New Jersey corporation. A year later, Republic Motor Truck Company, Torbensen's largest customer, bought out the company. But Eaton and Torbensen were not content and bowed out of Republic to form the Eaton Axle Company in 1919. A year later, in 1920, Eaton Axle Company merged with Standard Parts. Standard Parts went in receivership later the same year and was later liquidated. In 1923, Eaton bought the Torbensen Axle Co. back from Republic and changed the name to the Eaton Axle and Spring Company.
Eaton officers believed the quickest way to grow the business was through acquisitions and began buying companies in the automotive industry, By 1932, the diversified company changed its name to Eaton Manufacturing Company. In 1937, Eaton became international by opening a manufacturing plant in Canada. In 1958 Eaton Corporation acquired Fuller Manufacturing. The company name changed once again in 1965 to Eaton Yale & Towne, Inc. after the acquisition of Yale & Towne Manufacturing Co. in 1963. Stockholders approved the change to the company's current name in 1971. Eaton Corp. continues its founder's "philosophy" of growth through acquisition along with divesting businesses that no longer fit the corporate vision. In 1978, Eaton Corporation acquired Samuel Moore & Company, Kenway Systems, and Cutler-Hammer. One of Eaton's largest acquisition was the distribution and control business unit of Westinghouse.
From 1920s-1964 Eaton was based on East 140th Street. In 1964, Eaton moved its headquarters into the new Erieview Tower where it remained until 1983. In that year, Eaton Corporation moved into a 28-story Cleveland office tower which was renamed for it. Eaton relocated to its new 580,000 square foot facility, named Eaton Center, in Beachwood, Ohio in early 2013. The reincorporation in Ireland as part of the Cooper merger involved establishing a registered head office in Dublin, Ireland but operational headquarters remain in Ohio.
Eaton Electrical purchased the Westinghouse Distribution and Controls Business Unit in 1994. The acquisition included all of the Westinghouse electrical distribution and control product business and also included stipulations that the Westinghouse name cannot be used by anyone else on these types of products for years. Today, Eaton Electrical manufactures electrical distribution and control products branded "Eaton" or "Cutler-Hammer" which can replace Westinghouse products in commercial and industrial applications.
These divisions operate world-wide. In 2003, Eaton's Electrical Distribution and Control business (formerly known as Cutler-Hammer) acquired the electrical division of Delta plc. This acquisition brought Delta's brands Holec, MEM, Tabula, Bill and Elek under the Eaton nameplate with the previous Westinghouse divisions and gave the company manufacturing facilities to meet IEC standards, one of the steps to become a global company and developing a worldwide standard.
Soon after this acquisition, Eaton entered a joint venture with Caterpillar Inc. and purchased 51% of I & S operations (now known as Intelligent Switchgear Organization, LLC). This was followed in 2004 by the acquisition of Powerware. The Powerware brand is known for the design and production of medium to large Uninterruptible Power System (UPS) devices. After several years of co-branding UPS products "Eaton|Powerware" the company is switching to the single brand Eaton for all UPS products including; BladeUPS, 9355, 9390, 9395, and 9E.
In 2006, Eaton entered the data center power distribution market. Initial products were internally developed PDU's and RPP's under the Powerware brand and included the PowerXpert metering system. A Powerware brand Static Transfer Switch was added to the portfolio through a brand-label relationship with Cyberex. To complete the power distribution portfolio Eaton released a line of rack power distribution products under its Powerware brand called ePDU. It acquired Aphel Technologies Ltd., a manufacturer of power distribution product for data centers based in Coventry, UK. Shortly after, it added Pulizzi Engineering Inc., Santa Ana, CA-based manufacturer of mission critical power distribution. In late 2007, it acquired the MGE Office Protection Systems division of Schneider Electric, as a result of Schneider's acquisition of APC. A Taiwanese manufacturer, Phoenixtec, was also acquired giving the company the highest share in the Chinese single-phase UPS market.
On May 21, 2012 Eaton announced that they had agreed to purchase Ireland-based Cooper Industries in a cash-and-stock deal valued at about $11.46 billion. The new company is called Eaton Corporation plc and is incorporated in Ireland. Current Eaton Chairman and CEO Alexander Cutler heads the new corporation. Cooper shareholders received $39.15 in cash and 0.77479 of a share in the newly created company for each Cooper share held. This is worth $72 per share based on Eaton’s closing share price of $42.40 on May 18, 2012, and is 29% above Cooper’s closing stock price. Eaton Corporation plc completed its acquisition of Cooper Industries on Nov 30, 2012. The $13 billion acquisition of Cooper (USD$5.4B Sales revenue -2011), became the largest in Eaton's (USD$16B Sales Revenue-2011) 101-year history.
Eaton was selected in 2008 as a recipient of the CALSTART Blue Sky Award with recognition for its environmentally "green" transportation investments, products and actions. The award was directed towards the company's efforts to pioneer heavy duty hybrid-drive technology for trucks. The annual awards recognize outstanding marketplace contributions to clean air, energy efficiency and to the clean transportation industry overall by companies, organizations and individuals.
Operations of Eaton involve the use and disposal of certain substances regulated under environmental protection laws. Eaton continues to modify certain processes on an ongoing, regular basis to reduce the impact on the environment, including the reduction or elimination of certain chemicals used in, and wastes generated from, operations. Eaton has set standards for itself in the category of environmental protection vowing to reduce its own greenhouse gas emissions by 18 percent by 2012.
In 2006, Eaton joined the Green Suppliers Network, a public-private partnership with the EPA and U.S. Department of Commerce, through which small and medium-sized suppliers are helped to develop "lean and clean" manufacturing processes.
- Aphel Technologies
- Arrow Hose & Tubing
- FHF Funke + Huster Fernsig
- Golf Pride
- Marina Power & Lighting
- MGE Office Protection Systems
- de:Moeller GmbH
- Polimer Kaucuk
Eaton's business comprises two Sectors: Electrical and Industrial:
Electrical Americas & Electrical Rest of World Segments The Electrical Sector is a global leader in power distribution, power quality, industrial automation and power control products and services. Products include circuit breakers, switchgear, UPS systems, power distribution units, panelboards, loadcenters, motor controls, meters, sensors, relays and inverters. The principal markets for the Electrical Americas and Electrical Rest of World segments are industrial, institutional, government, utility, commercial, residential, information technology and original equipment manufacturer customers.
Eaton is a leading manufacturer of systems and components for use in mobile and industrial applications. Markets include agriculture, construction, mining, forestry, utility, material handling, machine tools, molding, power generation, primary metals, and oil and gas. The Hydraulics group also includes Eaton's Filtration, Golf Grip and Airflex industrial clutch and brake businesses.
In the aerospace industry, Eaton is a worldwide leader in the design, manufacture and marketing of a comprehensive line of reliable, high-efficiency systems and components for hydraulic, motion control and fuel applications.
The Vehicle Group comprises the company's truck and automotive segments.
The truck segment is a global leader in the design, manufacture and marketing of powertrain systems and other components for commercial vehicle markets. Key products include manual and automated transmissions, clutches and hybrid power.
Eaton’s automotive segment produces key products such as superchargers, engine valves, valve train components, cylinder heads, locking and limited-slip differentials, fuel, emissions, and safety controls, transmission and engine controls, spoilers, exterior moldings, plastic components, and fluid connectors.
- "Eaton Corporation plc (ETN)". Yahoo! Finance.
- "History Timeline". Eaton Corporation. Retrieved 2012-01-15.
- "Eaton Center". Emporis. Retrieved 2012-01-15.
- Grant Gravagna (2 Feb 2013). "Eaton Corporation Relocated World Headquarters to Beachwood; Puts City on Map for Economic Development". bcomber.org. Retrieved 2013-02-03.
- Dale Funk (1 January 2003). "Eaton buys Delta plc's electrical division based in United Kingdom". Electrical Wholesaling. Retrieved 2012-01-15.
- "Cutler-Hammer in joint venture between Eaton, Caterpillar". The Business Journal (Milwaukee) (bizjournals.com). 5 August 2003. Retrieved 2012-01-15.
- "Eaton Completes Purchase of Powerware" (Press release). Eaton Corporation. 9 June 2004. Retrieved 2012-01-15.
- "Eaton Announces Acquisition Of Aphel Technologies Limited" (Press release). Eaton Corporation. 5 April 2007. Retrieved 2012-01-15.
- "Eaton Expands Power Quality Offerings With Acquisition Of Pulizzi Engineering" (Press release). Eaton Corporation. 19 June 2007. Retrieved 2012-01-15.
- "Eaton To Acquire MGE’s Small Systems Business From Schneider Electric" (Press release). Eaton Corporation. 21 June 2007. Retrieved 2012-01-15.
- "Cleaner Vehicles". FedEx. 23 September 2011. Retrieved 2012-01-15.
- Detroit Free Press, Tuesday, May 22. 2012, page 3C
- "CALSTART Blue Sky Award Winners Announced" (Press release). Eaton Corporation. 5 May 2008. Retrieved 2012-01-15.
- "Climate Change Commitment". Eaton Corporation. Retrieved 2012-01-15.
- "Eaton joins EPA's Green Suppliers Network" (Press release). Eaton Corporation. 10 July 2006. Retrieved 2012-01-15.
The History of Eaton Corporation 1911–1985
Securities and Exchange Commission
- Official website
- Industrial Filtration Business
- Information about Fluid Power is also available on the National Fluid Power Association web-site nfpa.com