Eau Gallie, Florida
|Eau Gallie, Florida|
|Neighborhood of Melbourne|
|Country||United States of America|
|First settler||John Caroll Houston, IV|
|Consolidated with Melbourne||1969|
|Founded by||William Henry Gleason|
|Time zone||Eastern (UTC-5:00)|
|• Summer (DST)||Eastern (UTC-4:00)|
Eau Gallie (IPA: /oʊ ˈgæːli/) is a section of the city of Melbourne, Florida, located on the city's northern side. It was formerly an independent city in Brevard County from 1860 until 1969, when its citizens voted to merge with neighboring Melbourne.
John Caroll Houston, IV was the first permanent settler in the area in 1859. Houston had been sent to the area by the United States Army to determine how many Native Americans were still living in the area after the Third Seminole War.
In 1859, after Houston had been discharged from the Army, he came back to the area with his oldest son and 14 slaves. They began clearing land and building a home.
In 1860, he brought his wife and other children here. Houston named the area Arlington, for a community near Jacksonville where he had once lived.
William Henry Gleason founded the city 1860. From 1874 to 1878 it served as the county seat of Brevard County, Florida. In French, Eau Gallie means "rocky water," named for the coquina rocks along the shore of the Indian River Lagoon.
While eau is certainly French for water, gallie has no French (or other language) translation. The French word for rocky is rocheux. A French slang term for bitter is gall. Hence, eau gall would mean bitter-water. The Indian River lagoon, which the town of Eau Gallie sits on, is salt-water.
This art district offers several small galleries and eclectic, little shops. There is a farmer's market on Saturdays, a hardware store, and an art supply store. There is an Art Walk every month. Classes are offered at the local Foosaner Museum. 
In 2003, Eau Gallie won a national American Planning Award for its downtown redevelopment. A new sidewalk winds 8,100 feet down Pineapple Avenue; people sit outside in the evening, walk or ride bikes. Streets in the area were paved, and lighting was improved. An art gallery was established. Crime has decreased and dilapidated buildings were torn down.
Eau Gallie contains a historic area with several notable museums and houses. These include: the Advent Christian Church, Foosaner Art Museum, the Ginter Building, the Historic Rossetter House Museum, the James Wadsworth Rossetter House on the National Register of Historic Places, the Karrick Building, the Roesch House, and the Winchester Symphony House.
An area of 14.31 acres (5.791 ha), containing 31 houses, is petitioning for official recognition as a Historic District. The first permanent settler, John Carroll Houston, arrived in 1859.
- Thomas Barbour, herpetologist. Aged 14 years in 1898, he lived in Eau Gallie with his grandmother. There he developed his love for nature.
- Zora Neale Hurston, author - lived in cottage on Guava Avenue and Fifth Street twice, first in 1929 and again in 1951
- List of mayors of Eau Gallie, Florida
- Eau Gallie High School, originally on Pineapple Avenue, is named after this area
- Eau Gallie Public Library
- Kentucky Military Institute which wintered in Eau Gallie from 1907–1921
- Eau Gallie Causeway
- Kennerly, Britt (22 January 2011). "Farmers markets see fan base growing". Florida Today (Melbourne, Florida). pp. 1A.
- Cervenka, Suzanne (November 19, 2011). "Neighborhood seeks historic designation". Florida Today (Melbourne, Florida). pp. 2B.
- Scott, Megan K. (6 March 2011). "Hurston's real home". Florida Today (Melbourne, Florida). pp. 1D.
- Eau Gallie Hiking Trail
- Noreda B. McKemy and Elaine Murray Stone, Melbourne Bicentennial Book. July 4, 1976. Library of Congress 76-020298.
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