Ebbsfleet International railway station

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Ebbsfleet International National Rail
Ebbsfleet International
Location
Place Ebbsfleet Valley, Kent
Local authority Borough of Dartford
Grid reference TQ613741
Operations
Station code EBD
Managed by London and Continental Railways
Number of platforms 6
Live arrivals/departures and station information
from National Rail Enquiries
Annual rail passenger usage*
2009/10  0.284 million
- Interchange   25,036
2010/11 Increase 0.717 million
- Interchange  Increase 32,864
2011/12 Increase 0.912 million
- Interchange  Increase 47,238
2012/13 Increase 1.175 million
- Interchange  Increase 49,124
History
Key dates Opened 19 November 2007 (19 November 2007)
National RailUK railway stations
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
* Annual estimated passenger usage based on sales of tickets in stated financial year(s) which end or originate at Ebbsfleet International from Office of Rail Regulation statistics. Methodology may vary year on year.
Portal icon UK Railways portal

Ebbsfleet International railway station is a railway station in Ebbsfleet Valley, in the Borough of Dartford, Kent, 10 miles (16 kilometres) outside the eastern boundary of Greater London, England. It is near Dartford and the Bluewater shopping centre to the west and Gravesend to the east. The station is part of the Thames Gateway urban regeneration, a project of national priority. It stands on the High Speed 1 rail line, around 400 metres (1,312 feet) south-west of Northfleet railway station and the Stonebridge Road area of Northfleet. The station lies off the A2 trunk road, about 5 mi (8 km) from its junction with the M25 motorway. During the London 2012 Olympics, it served as a primary park-and-rail service as it is very close to the M25 motorway, allowing easy access for over 10 million commuters.

Ebbsfleet International is owned by HS1 Ltd, which acquired a 30-year concession to own and operate the High Speed 1 railway and the stations: St Pancras International, Stratford International, Ebbsfleet International and Ashford International.

Origin of the name[edit]

The name Ebbsfleet is an artificial creation of seventeenth-century antiquaries, partly inspired by the name of Ebbsfleet in Thanet, 75 km (47 mi) to the east.[1]

History[edit]

Opening[edit]

The station opened to the public on 19 November 2007, later than St. Pancras International because the security equipment was transferred from Waterloo. The station was formally opened and dedicated in a ceremony by Dame Kelly Holmes on 29 January 2008.[2]

Naming[edit]

"Ebbsfleet International Station" was the name originally proposed for the station, but "Dartford International Station" was later proposed at the urging of Eurostar, who felt that Dartford was a name with greater national recognition. Opposition to Eurostar’s ‘Dartford International’ proposal came from Gravesham Borough Council, whose administrative centre at Gravesend is just two miles (3.2 km) away (even though Ebbsfleet International is in the borough of Dartford and therefore outside of Gravesham council's authority); Southfleet Parish Council; and Swanscombe and Greenhithe Town Council, both in the Borough of Dartford.[3] The similarity of its name to that of Dartford railway station, 6 mi (10 km) away, was also of concern.

Javelin Shuttle[edit]

The Olympic Javelin[4] or Javelin[5][6] was a high-speed train shuttle service operated by Southeastern over High Speed 1 during the 2012 Summer Olympics and Paralympics. The service ran for the duration of both games, between St Pancras International station and this station, via Stratford International station, which is close to the Olympic Park.[7] During the Summer Olympics a service of eight trains an hour ran between St Pancras and Ebbsfleet, calling at Stratford, replacing the usual East Kent highspeed service. Two of these were extended to Ashford and one to Faversham. Between 11pm and 1am the service between St Pancras and Ebbsfleet was increased to twelve per hour.[8]

Layout[edit]

On High Speed 1 there are avoiding lines in each direction and four platforms, two serving international Eurostar services and two the Southeastern Highspeed services. Southeastern services travelling between London and the North Kent Line use a junction to the north of the station and are served by another pair of platforms that curve away to the east.

Ticket barriers control access to all platforms.

Access and facilities[edit]

Parking[edit]

The Channel Tunnel Rail Link (CTRL) Act allows a total of 9,000 car parking spaces to be constructed,[9] with an initial 6,000 built. The car parks are in a number of areas around the station - north of the North Kent Line, between the North Kent Line and High Speed 1, south of the High Speed 1 and south west of the station building.

Buses and coaches[edit]

The station is served by National Express coach services running between London and Dover, and by Fastrack buses operated by Arriva, which connect it to Dartford, Bluewater, Greenhithe, Swanscombe and Gravesend.[10]

Taxis[edit]

Taxis are located at a Taxi rank directly outside the station entrance/exit. Car rental services for both leisure and business are located in the concourse. The interchange facilities lie at either end of the main station box - taxis, buses and set down at the northern end (to also serve the NKL platforms) and coaches to the south of the station box. It was formerly planned that Crossrail would terminate at a separate station between Northfleet and Ebbsfleet International but under the current plan, Abbey Wood further west will be the eastern terminus. However, a Crossrail extension from Abbey Wood to Gravesend (Hoo Junction) remains safeguarded.

Pedestrian access[edit]

Northfleet railway station is approximately 400 metres to the north-east, although the walking distance between the two stations is significantly longer, approximately 2000 metres if roadside footpaths are followed. There is a shorter walking route (approximately 1000 metres) through the car park to the north of Ebbsfleet station, but there are no footpaths provided and this way is obstructed by the car park access barriers. There are no specific pedestrian or cycle route signs for Ebbsfleet station on any of the possible routes between the stations. Gravesham Council acknowledges that the existing provision is inadequate,[11] although it is a complex planning issue to resolve as whilst Northfleet is in Gravesham, Ebbsfleet station is just over the border in the Borough of Dartford, and there are many other stakeholders involved.

Services[edit]

Eurostar services
0:00 London St Pancras National Rail London Underground
0:14 Ebbsfleet International National Rail
0:29 Ashford International National Rail
0:31
Channel Tunnel(UK–France border)
0:51
0:55 Calais-Fréthun SNCF
1:22 Lille-Europe SNCF
France–Belgium border
2:01 Brussels-South SNCB logo.svg SNCF Deutsche Bahn Brussels Metro
2:16 Paris Gare du Nord SNCF Paris Métro Réseau express régional Transilien
2:40 Marne la Vallée-Chessy SNCF Réseau express régional(Disneyland)
Seasonal services
4:34 Lyon-Part-DieuSNCF Deutsche Bahn Red Nacional de los Ferrocarriles Españoles
5:36 Avignon CentreSNCF
5:52 Avignon TGVSNCF Deutsche Bahn Red Nacional de los Ferrocarriles Españoles
6:17 Aix-en-Provence TGVSNCF Deutsche Bahn Red Nacional de los Ferrocarriles Españoles
7:12 MoûtiersSNCF
7:30 Aime-La Plagne(set down only) SNCF
7:51 Bourg-Saint-MauriceSNCF

Times shown are fastest timetabled journey from St Pancras.

Daily there are six (seven on Fridays) Eurostar services to Paris, and three to Brussels, and the same number arriving from the continent. It is not permitted to use Eurostar services for domestic journeys in the UK.

On 29 June 2009 Southeastern started a weekday preview service between St Pancras International and Ebbsfleet International, extending to Ashford International during peak hours.[12] On 7 September the service was enhanced by a few services to Ramsgate via Canterbury West or Dover.[13] A regular service began on 13 December 2009.[14]

Ebbsfleet International is unique in the United Kingdom in being the sole station in the entire country served only by high-speed services, a distinction it shares with Limburg Süd, the only such station in the whole of Germany.

The typical off-peak service is:[14]

  • 4 trains per hour to St Pancras International, taking 17 minutes;[14]
  • 2 trains per hour to Faversham;
  • 1 train per hour to Margate via Ashford International and Canterbury West;
  • 1 train per hour to Dover Priory via Ashford International, Folkestone West and Folkestone Central.[14]

Additional trains, in peak hours only, serve Maidstone West, Broadstairs via the Medway towns, and Sandwich.

Preceding station National Rail National Rail Following station
London St Pancras
International
  Eurostar
High Speed 1
  Ashford
International
Stratford
International
  Southeastern
High Speed 1
London-Broadstairs
  Gravesend
Southeastern
High Speed 1
London-Margate/Dover
Ashford
International

References[edit]

  1. ^ Keith Briggs, The two Ebbsfleets in Kent. Journal of the English Place-Name Society 44, 5–9
  2. ^ "Dame Kelly opens 2012 'gateway'". BBC News. 29 January 2008. Retrieved 24 January 2014. 
  3. ^ "Row over Euro-link station name". BBC News. 29 October 2004. 
  4. ^ "£20m bullet trains to serve Olympic Park". Olympic Delivery Authority. 28 October 2004. Retrieved 13 December 2008. 
  5. ^ "Japanese bullet train on display". BBC News. 2 October 2007. Retrieved 13 December 2008. 
  6. ^ "Our plans: Getting ready". Olympic Delivery Authority. Retrieved 13 December 2008. 
  7. ^ Transport Plan for the London 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games – first edition. Olympic Delivery Authority. p. 64. Retrieved 13 December 2008. 
  8. ^ Southeastern. "Olympics timetable High Speed". Retrieved 4 April 2012. 
  9. ^ Channel Tunnel Rail Link Act 1996 Section 9 4b
  10. ^ Fastrack A/B Map
  11. ^ Gravesham Borough Council Report to Joint Transportation Board: Northfleet – Ebbsfleet station pedestrian links.,(see pages 65-69)
  12. ^ "Preview timetable". Southeastern. Retrieved 1 June 2009. [dead link]
  13. ^ "Preview Timetable". Southeastern Railway. 7 September 2009. Retrieved 7 September 2009. [dead link]
  14. ^ a b c d Southeastern Highspeed: 13 December 2009 timetable

External links[edit]

Gallery[edit]

Coordinates: 51°26′34.94″N 0°19′15.18″E / 51.4430389°N 0.3208833°E / 51.4430389; 0.3208833