Ebbsfleet Valley shown within Kent
|OS grid reference|
|Civil parish||Swanscombe and Greenhithe|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Ambulance||South East Coast|
|EU Parliament||South East England|
It is named after the valley of the Ebbsfleet River, which it straddles. Although a small part of the site in the east lies within the borough of Gravesham, Ebbsfleet Valley primarily sits in the borough of Dartford.
Much of the land is brownfield and was formerly used by industry; having been previously owned by the APCM, Blue Circle and most recently by Lafarge. The new community is planned to have a population of 40,000. Ebbsfleet International railway station was opened in November 2007 and provides services to Continental Europe on High Speed 1. Domestic services to St Pancras railway station in central London are operated by Southeastern.
In March 2014, the British government announced its intention to construct a garden city at Ebbsfleet for up to 15,000 homes. In May 2014, they gave the London Paramount Entertainment Resort, a theme park on the adjoining Swanscombe Peninsula site, Nationally Significant Infrastructure Project status, allowing the developers to bypass local planning requirements and build a leisure complex that by 2019 would create employment for 27,000 people.
There will be a trial by BT of a fibre network in the Ebbsfleet valley, potentially offering the highest speed internet connection to home users in the United Kingdom, with the exception of Ashford in Kent. It has been confirmed they will be offering speeds of 100Mbit/s which will transfer TV, Broadband and Telephone via optical fibre. Businesses and residents of the area will be given a new telephone dialling code, 01987, though the small number of users who already have numbers allocated from the neighbouring codes (01322 or 01474) are able to retain them. The 01987 code was created in April 2008.
The Ebbsfleet River is of great historical importance in English history and prehistory, and much archaeological excavation has taken place here over the years. Quarrying here has revealed signs of extensive occupation some 100,000 years ago: flint knapping was carried out here, the remains of a straight-tusked elephant have been found. Distinctive pottery from the Neolithic age has been discovered; such pots give their name to an important sub-culture of the period.
Belgic Britons, in the late Iron Age have left behind traces of their culture. Prior to the construction of the Channel Tunnel Rail Link in this area, archaeological work undertaken at Ebbsfleet found an Anglo-Saxon mill. The river, which is fed by eight natural springs at Springhead (Latin: Vagniacis), was held sacred by the Celts who settled in the area around 100 BC. They were followed by the Romans; their Watling Street passes through the site, and a villa has been excavated.
Many of the local chalk quarries were started by the Romans, possibly for cement manufacture and flint. The quarries were later expanded, in line with the industrial revolution, by Joseph Parker and others. A large flooded quarry, Sawyer's Lake, can be found nearby.
The football team Gravesend and Northfleet FC changed their name to Ebbsfleet United F.C. in the summer of 2007. Another move to promote a sense of identity in the new town is a planned landmark, which when built will be 50 metres high (twice as high as the Angel of the North) and is intended to be visible from road, rail and air. However, in June 2012, the project was stalled by a lack of funding.
- Keith Briggs, The two Ebbsfleets in Kent. Journal of the English Place-Name Society 44, 5–9
- "Chancellor announces major boost to housebuilding". 16 March 2014. Retrieved 17 March 2014.
- "High Speed Trains". Southeastern Railway. p. 1. Retrieved 2009-02-10.[dead link]
- "15,000-home garden city to be built at Ebbsfleet". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved 16 March 2014.
- Chiorando, Maria. "London Paramount park receives planning boost". Kent News. Archant. Retrieved 09 May 2014.
- Meyer, David (10 Jan 2008). "BT fibre trial to start in August". ZDNet.co.uk. Retrieved 2009-02-10.
- "Proposals to accommodate geographic number demand in the Ebbsfleet region". Ofcom. Retrieved 2009-02-10.
- The Book of Gravesham, Sidney Harker, 1979, Barracuda Books Ltd ISBN 0-86023-091-0
- British History Online: The Neolithic Age
- Springhead: the temple complex
- BBC News - Sculpture 'will be icon of South'
- BBC News - There is no Ebbsfleet'
- BBC News - £2m sculpture designs revealed'
- Guardian - Images of the shortlisted designs
- Marijke Cox (30 June 2012). "Ebbsfleet white horse stalled by lack of funding". Kent News. Retrieved 1 July 2012.