Eberhard II, Count of Württemberg

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Eberhard II, statue at the Stiftskirche (Stuttgart)

Eberhard II, called "der Greiner" (the Jarrer) (after 1315 – 15 March 1392, Stuttgart), Count of Württemberg from 1344 until 1392.

Eberhard II was son of Count Ulrich III of Württemberg and Sofie of Pfirt. He married Countess Elizabeth von Henneberg-Schleusingen on September 17, 1342. They had two children: Ulrich, father of his successor Eberhard III; and Sophie, who later married John I, Duke of Lorraine.

From the beginning of his regency in 1344 up to 1361 he reigned together with his brother Ulrich IV, whom he forced to sign a treaty which confirmed the inseparability of Württemberg. Soon afterwards Ulrich IV renounced his co-rule on May 1, 1362. To strengthen his might and to enlarge the territory of Württemberg Eberhard II joined several pacts and clashes with Emperor Charles IV. As a result he and his brother received extra privileges, for example a sole jurisdiction, which gave more autonomy to the County of Württemberg.

A sensation was created 1367 by the assault of Count Wolf von Eberstein on Eberhard II and his son Ulrich during their stay "in Wildbad" (presumably Wildbad or Teinach). Both fled and seized Neueberstein Castle immediately with a large amount of men. However this siege turned out to be unsuccessful.

During his regency he strongly aligned his policy against the Free Imperial Cities, which stood in the way of the extension of Württemberg's territory. He fought battles against the towns united in the Schwäbischer Städtebund (Swabian City League) in 1376, 1372 in Altheim, 1377 in Reutlingen and 1388 near Döffingen. The result of this was a stalemate which secured the independency of the towns. Nevertheless the territorial gains during his rule were substantial, for example Böblingen and Calw.

His heir apparent, Ulrich was killed in the victorious battle of Döffingen.

Sophie (1343–1369), daughter of Eberhard II, Count of Württemberg, in 1361 married John I, Duke of Lorraine.

Reception[edit]

Eberhard entered literature through Schiller and Uhland.

References[edit]

  • Das Haus Württemberg - Ein biographisches Lexikon, 1997, W. Kohlhammer GmbH
This article incorporates information from the German Wikipedia.
Preceded by
Ulrich IV
Count of Württemberg
1344–1392
Succeeded by
Eberhard III