Ebetsu, Hokkaido

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Ebetsu
江別市
City
Flag of Ebetsu
Flag
Location of Ebetsu in Hokkaido (Ishikari Subprefecture)
Location of Ebetsu in Hokkaido (Ishikari Subprefecture)
Ebetsu is located in Japan
Ebetsu
Ebetsu
 
Coordinates: 43°6′N 141°32′E / 43.100°N 141.533°E / 43.100; 141.533Coordinates: 43°6′N 141°32′E / 43.100°N 141.533°E / 43.100; 141.533
Country Japan
Region Hokkaido
Prefecture Hokkaido (Ishikari Subprefecture)
Government
 • Mayor Noboru Miyoshi
Area
 • Total 187.57 km2 (72.42 sq mi)
Population (March 1, 2012)
 • Total 121,439
 • Density 647.43/km2 (1,676.8/sq mi)
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
- Tree Japanese Rowan
- Flower Chrysanthemum
Phone number 011-382-4141
Address 6 Takasagochō, Ebetsu-shi, Hokkaidō 067-8674
Website www.city.ebetsu.hokkaido.jp

Ebetsu (江別市 Ebetsu-shi?) is a city in Ishikari Subprefecture, Hokkaido, Japan.

History[edit]

Ebetsu was settled originally by Japanese people in 1871, who came from the Miyagi Prefecture on Honshu. In 1878, militia began moving into the area. When the Meiji Government, in 1878, designated Hokkaido as part of Japan, settlers began to flood the area. Ebetsu earned township status in 1916 and city status in 1954. During the 1960s and 1970s, a burgeoning population in Sapporo caused the population in Ebetsu to concurrently boom. In 1991, the city reached 100,000 people.

The name Ebetsu is derived from the Ainu name of the Chitose River which flows into the Ishikari River in the city. According to John Batchelor in his "An Ainu-English Dictionary" (chapter 1, section V: Place Names Considered) the Ainu name was E-pet or "humour river" based on its murky colour.

Demographics[edit]

As of March 1, 2012, the city has an estimated population of 121,439, with 54,023 households, and a population density of 647.42 persons per km². The total area is 187.57 km².

Geography and transportation[edit]

The majority of commercial Ebetsu is on or immediately surrounding Route 12 (runs north-south through town). The northern limits of town are delineated by the Ishikari River, the southern sub-city of Oasa by Ebetsu's boundary with Sapporo. It bounds the city limits of Kitahiroshima, Iwamizawa, Nanporo, Tōbetsu, and Shinshinotsu.

Ebetsu is about 16 km from downtown Sapporo. It is accessed by the Hokkaido Expressway, by Chūō or JR Hokkaidō bus lines, or by the Asahikawa-Hakodate train line that approximately follows Route 12 through town (at Oasa, Nopporo, Takasago, and Ebetsu stations), joining with the northwest-southeast running main line that extends from Chitose Airport to Sapporo Station in Shinsapporo (New Sapporo, a district of larger metropolitan Sapporo).

The extensive Nopporo Forest State Park (the world's largest park of virgin forest on level ground) is behind Ebetsu's Rakunō Gakuen University (the first university in Ebetsu, founded in 1949), encompassing 2015 hectares of preserved forest. Because of Ebetsu's location approximately in the middle of the Ishikari Plain (Sapporo city is the southwestern extent), it is known for having wind year-round.

Climate[edit]

The 10-year average temperature for Ebetsu is 7.1 degrees Celsius. The hottest and coldest temperatures, respectively, ever recorded are 34.5 °C and -27.7 °C.[1]

Climate data for Ebetsu, Japan(2000~2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 6.4
(43.5)
5.8
(42.4)
10.6
(51.1)
22.6
(72.7)
27.3
(81.1)
30.7
(87.3)
31.8
(89.2)
34.5
(94.1)
30.9
(87.6)
24.3
(75.7)
19.7
(67.5)
12.0
(53.6)
34.5
(94.1)
Average high °C (°F) −2.0
(28.4)
−1.2
(29.8)
2.7
(36.9)
10.4
(50.7)
16.5
(61.7)
21.0
(69.8)
23.3
(73.9)
25.6
(78.1)
22.1
(71.8)
15.8
(60.4)
7.7
(45.9)
0.2
(32.4)
11.9
(53.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) −6.3
(20.7)
−5.6
(21.9)
−1.2
(29.8)
5.4
(41.7)
11.0
(51.8)
15.7
(60.3)
18.8
(65.8)
20.6
(69.1)
16.5
(61.7)
10.4
(50.7)
3.4
(38.1)
−3.6
(25.5)
7.1
(44.8)
Average low °C (°F) −12.3
(9.9)
−11.6
(11.1)
−6.0
(21.2)
0.5
(32.9)
6.0
(42.8)
11.6
(52.9)
15.5
(59.9)
16.8
(62.2)
11.1
(52)
4.9
(40.8)
−0.9
(30.4)
−8.3
(17.1)
2.3
(36.1)
Record low °C (°F) −26.1
(−15)
−25.8
(−14.4)
−21.2
(−6.2)
−9.8
(14.4)
−2.2
(28)
2.7
(36.9)
8.0
(46.4)
7.8
(46)
1.5
(34.7)
−4.6
(23.7)
−11.8
(10.8)
−24.2
(−11.6)
−26.1
(−15)
Precipitation mm (inches) 69.6
(2.74)
57.7
(2.272)
39.9
(1.571)
37.4
(1.472)
55.8
(2.197)
71.2
(2.803)
117.7
(4.634)
114.8
(4.52)
113.1
(4.453)
90.7
(3.571)
88.6
(3.488)
70.8
(2.787)
929.3
(36.587)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 92.9 109.4 151.9 175.7 202.3 183.9 145.0 162.3 172.0 146.6 97.1 83.0 1,723.3
Source: Japan Meteorological Agency[2]

Sister city[edit]

Ebetsu's sister city is Castlegar, British Columbia, Canada, and Gresham, Oregon, USA.

Education[edit]

Universities[edit]

Others[edit]

  • Hokkaido Institute of Information and Technology, part of the Research Triangle North (RTN), a technological establishment west and south of Nopporo Forest State Park

References[edit]

  1. ^ 江別市の概要 気象 江別市
  2. ^ "江別(2000~2010)" [Ebetsu] (in Japanese). Japan Meteorological Agency. March 2013. Retrieved March 25, 2013. 

External links[edit]