Ebilun

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This is a Chinese name; the family name is Niohuru.
Niohuru Ebilun
鈕祜祿·遏必隆
Regent of the Qing Dynasty
In office
1661–1667
Serving with Sonin, Suksaha, Oboi
Monarch Kangxi Emperor
Personal details
Died 1673
Relations Princess Mukushen (mother)
Nurhaci (maternal grandfather)
Lady Giyamuhut Gioro (maternal grandmother)
Children Empress Xiaozhaoren
Noble Rank 1st class Duke
Posthumous name Kexi 恪僖

Ebilun (Manchu: Ebilun.png; Chinese: 遏必隆; pinyin: Èbìlóng) was a minor Manchu noble who worked as one of the Four Regents and an assistant minister for the young Kangxi (r. 1661–1722) from 1661 to 1667, during the Qing dynasty (1644–1912).

Ebilun was from the Niohuru clan, which lived north of the Korean border and belonged to the Bordered Yellow Banner.[1] He was the sixteenth and last son of Eidu (1562–1621), who had been a close associate of Qing founder Nurhaci (1559–1626).[2] Ebilun's mother was herself a sister of Nurhaci.[3] In 1634, the second Qing emperor Hong Taiji (r. 1626–1643) gave Eidu a posthumous rank of viscount, which Ebilun immediately inherited but lost in 1637 after he tried to interfere in a trial involving his niece.[4] In 1643 Ebilun followed Nurhaci's seventh son Abatai in forays inside North China and was credited with the capture of several towns.[5] In 1645 and 1646, after the Qing had defeated the Ming dynasty and made Beijing their capital, he served under Lekedehun in campaigns to dislodge Ming loyalist He Tengjiao 何騰蛟 (1592–1649) from Hubei and was rewarded with a minor hereditary rank.[6] Yet his position was not solid because, as a member of the Yellow Banners, he was treated with suspicion by Dorgon (1612–1650) – the Prince Regent of the young Shunzhi Emperor (r. 1643–1661) – whose power base was in the White Banners.[4] In 1648 during the persecution of Hooge, Ebilun's nephew accused Ebilun of having opposed Dorgon during the 1643 succession.[4] Ebilun was sentenced to death, but his penalty was commuted.[7] Half of his property was nonetheless confiscated and his minor nobility title was revoked.[4]

Ebilun worked with Oboi to defeat Suksaha.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Kennedy 1943a, p. 219 (Niohuru clan, Bordered Yellow Banner); Kennedy 1943b, p. 221 (Niohuru clan "settled just north of the Korean border").
  2. ^ Kennedy 1943a, p. 219 (sixteenth son); Kennedy 1943b, p. 221 (Eidu had sixteen sons; close to Nurhaci).
  3. ^ Rawski 1998, pp. 64–65.
  4. ^ a b c d Kennedy 1943a, p. 219.
  5. ^ Oxnam 1975, p. 28.
  6. ^ Kennedy 1943a, p. 219 ("minor hereditary rank"); Fang 1943, p. 443 (Hubei campaigns were against He Tengjiao).
  7. ^ Oxnam 1975, p. 45.

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