Ebina City Hall
Location of Ebina in Kanagawa Prefecture
|• Mayor||Masaharu Uchino|
|• Total||26.48 km2 (10.22 sq mi)|
|Population (June 1, 2012)|
|• Density||4,850/km2 (12,600/sq mi)|
|Time zone||Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)|
|- Tree||Box tree|
|Address||175-1 Katase, Ebina-shi, Kanagawa-ken 243-0492|
Ebina is located in the middle of the Sagami Plain, part of western Kantō Plain. The city sits on the eastern bank of the Sagami River. The Tōmei Expressway cuts across the southern end of the city.
The origin of the name "Ebina"
In religious expression it means "Worthy of praise."
The area of modern Ebina has been settled since ancient times, and has a number of remains from the Kofun period. Ebina became the provincial capital of Sagami Province in the Nara period, and was the location of the kokubunji, or provincial temple. It was home to the Yokoyama clan, one of the seven warrior clans of the Musashi region during the early Kamakura period. During the Edo period, the lands around Ebina were tenryō territory theoretically administered directly by the Tokugawa Shogunate in Edo; however, in reality, the area was a patchwork of small fiefs held by various hatamoto, as well as exclaves under the control of Sakura Domain and Karasuyama Domain.
After the Meiji Restoration, the area became part of Kōza District, Kanagawa Prefecture and was administratively divided into Ebina Village and Arima Village on April 1, 1889. The area was connected by rail in 1926 via the Sagami Railway and in 1927 by the Odakyu Electric Railway, leading to an increase in population and a change in status of Ebina from village to town in 1940. In 1955, Arima Village merged into Ebina Town. Ebina was elevated to city status on November 1, 1971. Urban development projects in the 1980s and 1990s have modernized the city center.
Ebina is home to over 150 factories. The town is a center of the production of electrical appliances, metal products, and machinery. The Taito Corporation operates the Ebina Development Center in Ebina. The city was once known for its broad rice paddies, but agriculture now centers on the cultivation of strawberries, tomatoes, and ornamental plants. Ebina serves as a bedroom community to the greater Tokyo and Yokohama area.
- JR East-Sagami Line
- Odakyū Electric Railway - Odakyū Odawara Line
- Sagami Railway - Sagami Railway Main Line
- Sagami Kokubun-ji, provincial temple of Sagami Province and national historic landmark
- Ebina Premium Film Festival (held annually in autumn)
Noted people from Ebina
- "Ebina". Encyclopedia of Japan. Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. OCLC 56431036. Retrieved 2012-07-27.
- "海老名" [Ebina]. Dijitaru Daijisen (in Japanese). Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. OCLC 56431036. Retrieved 2012-09-18.
- "海老名（市）" [Ebina]. Nihon Daihyakka Zensho (Nipponika) (in Japanese). Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. OCLC 153301537. Retrieved 2012-09-18.
- "Company Overview." Taito Corporation. Retrieved on January 30, 2011. "Ebina Development Center 3-11-1, Shimoimaizumi, Ebina-shi, Kanagawa 243-0498, JAPAN"
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