Ebony, Ivory & Jade

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Ebony, Ivory & Jade
Directed by Cirio Santiago
Distributed by Dimension Pictures
Release dates
1976

Ebony, Ivory & Jade is a 1976 film by director Cirio Santiago, made in Manila, Philippines. A relatively well-budgeted martial arts feature by Santiago's standards, the film was seen mainly in US drive-in movies, where it was first released as She-Devils in Chains. It has also been released as American Beauty Hostages, Foxfire, and Foxforce.

Five female athletes are kidnapped during an international track meet in "Hong Kong," then fight their way to freedom after being recaptured several times. Considered a minor classic of the blaxploitation genre, Ebony, Ivory & Jade stars Rosanne Katon as track star Pam Rogers, the eponymous 'Ebony' of the title. Colleen Camp co-stars as 'Ivory', her privileged track and field rival. Sylvia Anderson appears as "Jade".

A 1980 TV-movie spinoff starred Debbie Allen, Martha Smith and Bert Convy.

Admired by director Quentin Tarantino, the film is referenced in Pulp Fiction by Uma Thurman's character, who speaks about her role in an unsuccessful television series called "Fox Force Five"[citation needed]. The trailer for the film also used the phrase "roaring rampage of revenge", a phrase used to describe Kill Bill Vol.1 and referred to in the opening of Kill Bill Vol.2.

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