Ebraucus

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Ebraucus (Welsh: Efrawg/Efrog) was a legendary king of the Britons, as recounted by Geoffrey of Monmouth. He was the son of King Mempricius before he abandoned the family.

Following the death of his father, Mempricius, he became king and reigned 39 years. According to Geoffrey he was admired, tall, and remarkably strong. He was the first to wage war on the Gauls since the time of Brutus. By pillaging the cities and shores and slaughtering many men, he became extremely wealthy and enriched the lands of Britain.

He founded Kaerebrauc (City of Ebraucus) (later York) north of the Humber, (see Eboracum) and Alclud in Albany, (see Dunbarton, capital of Strathclyde). According to Polydore Vergil he "builded the town of Maidens, now called Edinburgh Castle, being planted in the uttermost part of Britain, now called Scotland".[1] The Registrum Malmesburiense also says he built the "castle of Montrose".[2]

He had twenty wives who produced twenty sons and thirty daughters. All his daughters he sent to his cousin Silvius Alba in Alba Longa (Italy) to be married to the other Trojan descendants. Except for Brutus Greenshield, all of Ebraucus's sons, led by Assaracus,[3] went to Germany, creating a kingdom there. Brutus thus succeeded Ebraucus upon his death.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Polydore Vergil's English History, from an Early Translation, Volume 36, Camden society, 1846, p.34.
  2. ^ Brewer, J.S., Registrum Malmesburiense: The Register of Malmesbury Abbey Preserved in the Public Record Office, Cambridge University Press, 2012, p.463.
  3. ^ bearing the mythical name of the second son of Tros, King of Dardania.
Legendary titles
Preceded by
Mempricius
King of Britain Succeeded by
Brutus II Greenshield