Echeveria

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For other uses, see Etxeberria.
Echeveria
Echeveria elegans0.jpg
Echeveria elegans
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Core eudicots
Order: Saxifragales
Family: Crassulaceae
Subfamily: Sedoideae
Tribe: Sedeae
Subtribe: Sedinae
Genus: Echeveria
DC.[1]
Species

See text.

Synonyms

Courantia Lem.
Oliveranthus Rose
Oliverella Rose
Urbinia Rose[1]

Echeveria is a large genus of flowering plants in the Crassulaceae family, native to semi-desert areas of Central America, from Mexico to northwestern South America. The genus is named after the 18th century Mexican botanical artist Atanasio Echeverría y Godoy.

Description[edit]

Plants may be evergreen or deciduous. Flowers on short stalks (cymes) arise from compact rosettes of succulent fleshy, often brightly coloured leaves.[2] Species are polycarpic, meaning that they may flower and set seed many times over the course of their lifetimes. Often numerous offsets are produced, and are commonly known as "hen and chicks", which can also refer to other genera, such as Sempervivum, that are significantly different from Echeveria.

Cultivation[edit]

E. pulvinata flowers

Many Echeveria species are popular as ornamental garden plants. They are drought-resistant, although they do better with regular deep watering and fertilizing. Most will tolerate shade and some frost, although hybrids tend to be less tolerant. Most lose their lower leaves in winter; as a result, after a few years, the plants lose their attractive, compact appearance and need to be re-rooted or propagated. In addition, if not removed, the shed leaves may decay, harboring fungus that can then infect the plant.

Propagation[edit]

They can be propagated easily by separating offsets, but also by leaf cuttings, and by seed if they are not hybrids.

Selected species[edit]

Cultivars and Hybrids[edit]

Echeveria has been extensively bred and hybridised. The following is a selection of available plants.

  • "Arlie Wright"
  • "Black Prince"
  • "Blue Heron"
  • "Blue Surprise" (E. × gilva)
  • "Dondo"
  • "Doris Taylor"
  • "Ebony" (E. agavoides cultivar)
  • "Frank Reinelt"
  • "Hoveyi"
  • "Lipstick" (E. agavoides cultivar)
  • "Oliver" (E. pulvinata cultivar)
  • "Opalina"
  • "Painted Lady"
  • "Perle von Nürnberg"
  • "Red" (E. × gilva)
  • "Ruberia"
  • "Set-Oliver"
  • "Tippy"
  • "Victor Reiter" (E. agavoides cultivar)
  • "Wavy Curls"
  • "Worfield Wonder" (E. × derosa)

"Perle von Nürnberg"[5] has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.

Formerly in Echeveria[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Genus: Echeveria DC.". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2003-06-13. Retrieved 2011-10-21. 
  2. ^ RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 1405332964. 
  3. ^ "Echeveria". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 2011-10-21. 
  4. ^ a b "GRIN Species Records of Echeveria". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2011-10-21. 
  5. ^ "RHS Plant Selector – Echeveria "Perle von Nürnberg"". Retrieved 18 June 2013. 

External links[edit]