Echigo Line

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     Echigo Line
Izumozaki Station.jpg
Overview
Type Heavy rail
Locale Niigata Prefecture
Termini Kashiwazaki
Niigata
Stations 32
Operation
Opening 1912
Operator(s) JR East
Technical
Line length 83.8 km (52.07 mi)
Track gauge 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)
Electrification 1,500 V DC overhead catenary
Operating speed 85 km/h (55 mph)
Route map
JR Echigo Line linemap.svg

The Echigo Line (越後線 Echigo-sen?) is a railway line operated by East Japan Railway Company (JR East) which connects the cities of Kashiwazaki and Niigata in Niigata Prefecture, Japan. The line's name is taken from the name of the ancient Echigo Province, which corresponds to most of modern-day Niigata Prefecture.

History[edit]

The Echigo Railway Co. opened the Hakusan - Kashiwazaki section of the line in 1912, and was nationalised in 1927. In 1951, the Hakusan - Niigata section was opened, CTC signalling was commissioned in 1982, the line was electrified at 1,500 V DC in 1984, and freight services ceased in 1987.

Former connecting lines[edit]

  • Teradomari Station: The Nagaoka Railway Co. opened a 39 km line to Raikoji (on the Shin'etsu Line) between 1915 and 1921. This company introduced Japan's first diesel railcar in 1928, and in 1951 electrified 31 km of the line at 750 V DC in 70 days, completing the balance the following year. Significant typhoon damage occurred in 1966, and in 1972, passenger services ceased between Raikoji and Nishinagaoka, with the entire line becoming freight-only three years later. The line closed in 1995.
  • Sekiya Station: The Niigata Kotsu Co. opened a 34km line, electrified at 1,500 V DC, to Tsubame on the Yahiko Line between 1933 and 1934. Freight services ceased in 1982, and the line closed between 1993 and 1999.

Services[edit]

Although most services are operated to and from Niigata Station, operations are divided into two sections: Kashiwazaki – Yoshida and Yoshida – Niigata. Some services operate over the entire line and through to Niitsu on the Shinetsu Main Line, Shibata on the Hakushin Line, or Higashi-Sanjō on the Yahiko Line.

Between Kashiwazaki and Yoshida, there is a period of over three hours where no trains operate. Between Niigata and Uchino there are three trains per hour, with another one to two trains per hour to Yoshida.

Station list[edit]

  • All stations are located within Niigata Prefecture.
  • Trains can pass each other at stations marked "◇", "∨", and "∧"; they cannot pass at stations marked "|".
Station Japanese Distance (km) Transfers   Location
Between
stations
Total
Kashiwazaki 柏崎 - 0.0 Shinetsu Main Line Kashiwazaki
Higashi-Kashiwazaki 東柏崎 1.6 1.6  
Nishi-Nakadōri 西中通 3.4 5.0  
Arahama 荒浜 1.6 6.6   Kariwa, Kariwa District
Kariwa 刈羽 3.3 9.9  
Nishiyama 西山 2.9 12.8   Kashiwazaki
Raihai 礼拝 2.2 15.0  
Ishiji 石地 3.7 18.7  
Oginojō 小木ノ城 4.0 22.7   Izumozaki, Santō District
Izumozaki 出雲崎 2.1 24.8  
Myōhōji 妙法寺 4.6 29.4   Nagaoka
Ojimaya 小島谷 3.0 32.4  
Kirihara 桐原 3.8 36.2  
Teradomari 寺泊 2.8 39.0  
Bunsui 分水 2.5 41.5   Tsubame
Aouzu 粟生津 4.3 45.8  
Minami-Yoshida 南吉田 2.0 47.8  
Yoshida 吉田 2.0 49.8 Yahiko Line
Kita-Yoshida 北吉田 1.9 51.7  
Iwamuro 岩室 2.1 53.8   Nishikan-ku, Niigata
Maki 4.0 57.8  
Echigo-Sone 越後曽根 4.6 62.4  
Echigo-Akatsuka 越後赤塚 2.5 64.9   Nishi-ku, Niigata
Uchino-Nishigaoka 内野西が丘 3.8 68.7  
Uchino 内野 1.6 70.3  
Niigata Daigaku-mae 新潟大学前 2.0 72.3  
Terao 寺尾 2.1 74.4  
Kobari 小針 1.9 76.3  
Aoyama 青山 1.4 77.7  
Sekiya 関屋 1.5 79.2   Chūō-ku, Niigata
Hakusan 白山 1.5 80.7  
Niigata 新潟 3.1 83.8 Jōetsu Shinkansen, Shinetsu Main Line, Hakushin Line, Banetsu West Line[* 1]
  1. ^ Although the official start of the Banetsu West Line is at Niitsu, some trains travel through via the Shinetsu Main Line to Niigata.

Rolling stock[edit]

Previous[edit]

References[edit]

This article incorporates material from the corresponding article in the Japanese Wikipedia

  1. ^ "通勤形車両の新造計画について" [New commuter train manufacture plans] (PDF) (in Japanese). East Japan Railway Company. 2 July 2013. Retrieved 2 July 2013. 

External links[edit]