Echinacea sanguinea (Sanguine Purple Coneflower) is a herbaceous perennial native to open sandy fields and open pine woods and prairies in Texas, Oklahoma, Louisiana, and Arkansas. It is the southernmost Echinacea species. The specific epithet sanguinea, which is Latin for "blood", refers to the color of the petals.
Echinacea sanguinea grows to 1 m (3 ft) tall with an unbranched stem. The alternate leaves are typically close to the ground, growing 10–25 cm (4–10 in) long and 6 mm (¼ in) wide, with the upper leaves having long hairs. Each stem has one rose-pink to pale purple flower, up to 5 cm (2 in) long and 12 mm (½ in) wide, with 10–20 ray flowers that conspicuously droop. The 2.5 cm (1 in) cone-shaped center is purplish-brown on the outside and greenish toward the center.
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